*Jordan Griffin *Tina Corbett *Hope Tilley. Grassland Biome. What is a Grassland Biome?.
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We love Grasslands!
This animal can be found in Texas and other western portions of North America. It makes its home in regions of South America as well. The burrowing owl lives in grassland and desert biomes. It is 9 -11 inches tall and 23 inches long. It is very small and pudgy. It can often be seen in the sun because it loves heat. These owls have a loud hoot for a voice. They have long legs, a short tail, and lots of feathers. Their eyes are extremely sensitive. They eat small birds, rodents, and rarely, carrion. They bolt down on their food to kill it. Burrowing owls are not very active animals.
The badger is a burrowing mammal with a black-and-white striped face. Badgers are nocturnal (most active at night). They are found in tropical forests, plains, woodlands, mountains, and prairies in Asia, Europe, and North America. Badgers have a life span of 11-13 years in captivity. They are closely related to skunks, martens, and weasels. Some badgers live in groups called clans. These clans construct complex, long-lasting networks of tunnels and chambers called sets. Members of clans communicate using sounds and scents. North American badgers are solitary; European badgers are sociable. Their enemies include people, coyotes, and dogs.
Big and Little Bluestem
Big and Little Bluestem
Big bluestem is tolerant of a wide range of soils and moisture. Depending on soil and moisture conditions, it grows to a height of 1 – 3m (3 – 10 ft). Big Bluestem is a perennial grass. The stem base turns to a blue-purple as it matures. The seed heads have three spike-like projections, resulting in another common name for big bluestem — "turkey foot." The roots are deep. Big bluestem is also called tall grass or simply called prairie tall grass
The Indian grass, also known as Sorghastrum nutans, is a clump forming native grass that reaches 4-5' in height. Golden, plume-like seed heads are formed in the summer. Indian grass is one of the most important native tall grasses. There are prominent claw-like lobes or "rabbit-ears" at the point where the leaf blade attaches to the stem. Indian Grasses have plume-like seed heads that turn a chestnut brown, and later take on a grey coloration. This grass is fairly tolerant to drought conditions. Seeds are consumed by birds and small mammals.
Also called short grass prairies, consists of short grasses occurring in sparse clumps or bunches.
Scattered shrubs and low trees may also be found in steppe.
Steppe grasslands correspond well with the semiarid subtype of the dry continental climate.
Buffalograss is a low growing, commonly only 8 to 10 inches high, warm season perennial grass. Individual leaf blades may reach 10 to 12 inches in length, but they fall over and give the turf a short appearance. Buffalograss has a stoloniferous growth habit, curly leaves, and both staminate and pistillate flowers.
Steppe animals are distinctive and before the use of grasslands for farming there was an abundance of large grazing mammals.
Today rodents and rabbits join cattle as the major grazers in the grasslands.
The animals that live in steppe grasslands are:
Buffalo are now nearly extinct there use to be 60 million in 1889 that number was decreased to 800 individual buffalo. Most of the buffalo left are located in the Yellowstone National Park.