Introduction. Nature. What is Nature? Untainted by human beings? Separate from human beings? Should it be conserved, preserved, or neither? Why should it be conserved, preserved, etc.? Aesthetic, Prudential, Moral Where did the idea of Nature come from?
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Conservation v Preservation
The Idea of Wilderness
How did it originate and change?
"...The English word paradise derives from the Old Persian pairidaeza, which means 'walled enclosure, pleasure park, garden'. This term entered Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek while still retaining its original meanings." ﾊﾊﾊﾊﾊ- An Encyclopedia of Archetypal Symbolism
William Bradford, one of the US pilgrims, saw nothing “but a hideous and desolate wilderness, full of wild beasts and wild men”; the Puritan John Cotton understood nature as “a wild field where all manner of unclean and wild beasts live and feed.”
Old World Romantics/Primitivists
New England Transcendalists
Muir, Roosevelt, Pinchot
Leopold and Ecology
The Contemporary Idea