Freshman Seminar - Death, Revenge & Madness in Icelandic literature and culture. Welcome to class #2 !. 2. Freshman Seminar - wk 2 What IS Iceland??. Iceland , officially the Republic of Iceland ( Icelandic : Ís land or Lýðveldið Ís land ) is an island nation , a volcanic island in the
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Freshman Seminar - Death, Revenge & Madness in Icelandic literature and culture
Welcome to class #2 !
Iceland, officially the Republic of Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland
or Lýðveldið Ísland) is an island nation, a volcanic island in the
northern Atlantic Ocean between Greenland,
Norway, Ireland, Scotland (Great Britain), and the Faroe Islands.
▪ Whole country: 39,768.5 sq. m. (103,000ﾊkm²)
▪ Vegetation: 9,191 square miles (23,805ﾊkm²)
▪ Lakes: 1,064 square miles (2,757ﾊkm²)
▪ Glaciers: 4,603 square miles (11,922ﾊkm²)
▪ Wasteland: 24,918 square miles (64,538ﾊkm²)
Water 3,718,711mi² 4.87%
Populationﾊ- 2006 est. 298,290,000
2000 census ﾊ- 282 mill.
Population: about 300.000
180.000 in Reykjavík
Climate: subartic _ Gulf Stream
Average temp. in July 56ºF
In January: 32ºF
Precipitation: 32 inches
Midnight sun in June
4 hrs a day of daylight in Dec.
Fully independent since 1944
Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
Language: Icelandic, the Norwegian of
1000 years ago. Fundamental part of cultural
Identity - fiercely defended by purists,
Currency: Icelandic krona (about 70 kr - 1 USD)
Religion: Lutheran is the state religion of
Iceland. Icelandic children receive mandatory
religious training in public schools, and priests
are state employees.
The origin of Iceland has to do with Plate Tectonics: the
theory that maintains that the earth's crust is composed of
plates that float around slowly on the earth's molten interior.
The heat and stresses created and released when these plates
run into, slide past, slide under or over one another account
for most if not all of the earth's earthquakes and volcanic activity
island over hot spot (G)
* An island over a hot spot AND on the mid Atlantic ridge
1 Mineral water
2 water under 70C
3 water 70-100 C
4 150 C at 1000 m
Byock, Jesse. 1988. Medieval Iceland. Berkeley:UCP
Sagas online - http://www.users.zetnet.co.uk/tarristi/sagas.htm