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Compromise and Conflict in the early 19 th century (early 1800s). What compromise drew an east-west line through Louisiana Purchase, with slavery prohibited above the line and allowed below?. What compromise drew an east-west line

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Compromise and Conflict in the

early 19th century (early 1800s)


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What compromise drew an east-west line

through Louisiana Purchase, with slavery prohibited above the line and allowed below?


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What compromise drew an east-west line

through Louisiana Purchase, with slavery prohibited above the line and allowed below?

Missouri Compromise (1820)


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What was the only state above the

36 30 line that allowed slavery?


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What was the only state above the

36 30 line that allowed slavery?

Missouri (MO)


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What was the compromise that allowed

California to enter as a free state, while the new

Southwestern territories acquired from Mexico would

decide on their own (popular sovereignty)?


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What was the compromise that allowed

California to enter as a free state, while the new

Southwestern territories acquired from Mexico would

decide on their own (popular sovereignty)?

Compromise of 1850


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What required slaves who escaped to free states

to be forcibly returned to their owners in the South?


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What required slaves who escaped to free states

to be forcibly returned to their owners in the South?

Fugitive Slave Law


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What was the result of the

Fugitive Slave Law in the North?


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What was the result of the

Fugitive Slave Law in the North?

Northern abolitionist were Outraged, now

the issue of slavery had come home to them


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What repealed the Missouri Compromise line by

giving people in Kansas and Nebraska the

choice whether to allow slavery in their states

(“popular sovereignty”)


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What repealed the Missouri Compromise line by

giving people in Kansas and Nebraska the

choice whether to allow slavery in their states

(“popular sovereignty”)

Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)



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What were 2 results of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

Birth of Republican Party (1854)-

created to oppose the spread of slavery.

“Bleeding Kansas” (1856)-

Bloody fighting in Kansas as pro- and anti-slavery

forces battled each other. Example: John Brown, radical

abolitionist who went to Kansas to stop the spread of slavery


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What Supreme Court decision established that slaves

were property not citizens and that living in free state

did not make you free?


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What Supreme Court decision established that slaves

were property not citizens and that living in free state

did not make you free?

Dred Scott decision


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Who were the people

in the North who wanted

to end slavery?


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Who were the people

in the North who wanted

to end slavery?

Abolitionist

(Hint: See word

“abolish,” meaning

to get rid of,

in abolitionist)


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Why were many

Northerners Abolitionist?


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Why were many

Northerners Abolitionist?

Many were New England

religious leaders who

saw slavery as a violation

of Christian principles


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Who was the Abolitionist leader who published

the anti-slavery newspaper,

The Liberator?


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Who was the Abolitionist leader who published

the anti-slavery newspaper,

The Liberator?

William Lloyd Garrison


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Who was a former slave

who escaped to become the

most prominent black

Abolitionist?


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Who was a former slave

who escaped to become the

most prominent black

Abolitionist?

Frederick Douglas


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Who was the wife of a

New England clergyman

and wrote the anti-slavery book,

Uncle Tom’s Cabin?


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Who was the wife of a

New England clergyman

and wrote the anti-slavery book,

Uncle Tom’s Cabin?

Harriet Beecher Stowe


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What is the result of

Harriet Beecher Stowe’s,

Uncle Tom’s Cabin?


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What is the result of

Harriet Beecher Stowe’s,

Uncle Tom’s Cabin?

Inflamed Northern Abolitionist

sentiment and frightened

Southerners who did not

want to end slavery


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What increased fears in Virginia and led to harsh

laws in the South against fugitive slaves?


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What increased fears in Virginia and led to harsh

laws in the South against fugitive slaves?

Slave revolts,

in Virginia led by Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser


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What happened to Southerners

who favored Abolition?


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What happened to Southerners

who favored Abolition?

Intimidated into silence


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What movement grew at

the same time as the

Abolitionist movement?


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What movement grew at

the same time as the

Abolitionist movement?

Women’s rights


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Who were the women

who became involved

in women’s suffrage (voting)

before the Civil War?


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Who were the women

who became involved

in women’s suffrage (voting)

before the Civil War?

Susan B. Anthony

Elizabeth Cady Stanton


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What was the declaration that

argued for women’s suffrage

and pulled from the

Declaration of Independence

in declaring, “all men and

women are equal.”


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What was the declaration that

argued for women’s suffrage

and pulled from the

Declaration of Independence

in declaring, “all men and

women are equal.”

Seneca Falls Declaration


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Who debated for a U.S. Senate in Illinois (1858) and

exposed the issue of slavery dividing the nations?

vs.


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Who debated for a U.S. Senate in Illinois (1858) and

exposed the issue of slavery dividing the nations?

vs.

Abraham Lincoln (Republican)

Stephen Douglas

(Democrat)


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What was the difference between Lincoln’s and

Douglas’ view of slavery?

vs.

Abraham Lincoln (Republican)

Stephen Douglas

(Democrat)


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What was the difference between Lincoln’s and

Douglas’ view of slavery?

vs.

Abraham Lincoln (Republican)

opposes spread of slavery

(“House divided against

itself cannot stand”)

Stephen Douglas

(Democrat)

“popular sovereignty”

(people decide, voting)


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The Lincoln-Douglas debates were viewed as a

deciding factor in the election of 1860.

Who was likely to support Lincoln?


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Election of Abraham Lincoln (1860)- elected by northern

states. Against spread of slavery but promised not to

interfere with slavery where it already existed.


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South Carolina seceded from Union

followed by other Southern states:

Election of Lincoln is “trigger” that results in secession of

lower southern states- feared Lincoln would try to abolish

slavery.


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