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Angler Heterogeneity and Species-Specific Demand for Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*. Tim Haab (Ohio State University) Rob Hicks (College of William and Mary) Kurt Schnier (University of Rhode Island) John Whitehead (Appalachian State University).

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Angler Heterogeneity and Species-Specific Demand for Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

Tim Haab (Ohio State University)

Rob Hicks (College of William and Mary)

Kurt Schnier (University of Rhode Island)

John Whitehead (Appalachian State University)

AFS Annual Meeting, Lake Placid, NY, Sept. 10-14, 2006

*MARFIN #NA06NMF4330055


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Our research will consider: Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • Targeting behavior

    • Compare various angler targeting models

      • single-species

      • aggregates of related species

      • all species combined


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Our research will consider: Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • Species substitution

    • Estimate angler willingness to substitute to other species or species groups when fishing quality or fishing management changes


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Our research will: Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • Estimate how willingness to substitute species might differ by angler type

    • socioeconomic factors

    • preferences

    • gear type (i.e., mode)


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Our research will: Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • Provide species-specific estimates of economic value for:

    • changes in fishing quality

    • management (e.g., size limits, bag limits)


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To date: Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • We have identified the feasibility of demand modeling at the species level

  • Estimated a prototype single species demand model


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MRFSS 2000 Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • LA to NC

    • n = 70,781

  • Southeast 2000 (Limited Valuation Round)

    • n = 42,079

  • Hook and line trips only (99%), day trips only (67%), delete missing values on key variables

    • n = 18,709

  • Targets a species

    • n=11,257


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Fishing mode Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*


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State of intercept Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*


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Species Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • 425 unique species caught by recreational anglers sampled by the MRFSS

  • 15 species account for 82% of the targeting activity and 38% of the (type 1) catch


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Top 5 target species of interest Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*


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Species groups Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*


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Target Behavior Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*


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Random Utility Models Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • Conditional Logit

    • U = X’β + e

  • Mixed Logit

    • U = X’δ + ε + e


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Dependent variables Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • Travel cost

    • [party/charter] TC = charter fee + driving costs + time costs

    • [private/rental] TC = driving costs + time costs

  • Predicted (type 1) catch rate

    • Depends on 5-year historic (type 1) catch rate

    • Big (20” or greater)

    • Small (less than 20”)

  • Historic big game catch rate

  • Number of MRFSS interview sites in the county


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Conditional/Mixed Logit Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

Party/charter boatEight counties

Private/rental boat

Ten counties


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Conditional Logit Results Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

Number of observations = 685

Number of alternatives = 18

Number of cases = 12330


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Mixed Logit Results Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

Number of observations = 685

Number of alternatives = 18

Number of cases = 12330


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Economic value of one fish per trip Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*


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Policy analysis Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • About 1.3 million dolphin trips in east coast of Florida

    • The welfare loss of new 20” size limit is about:

      • $15/fish/trip

      • x 1.3 million trips

      • = $19.5m (=/- 1 sd: $33.8m, $14.3m)

    • These costs could be compared to the benefits …


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Future work Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

  • Incorporate 1997 data

  • Consider species substitution models for:

    • Dolphin

    • King mackerel

    • Red drum

    • Spanish mackerel

    • Snapper-grouper

    • Aggregate species groups

  • Policy analysis: size limits, bag limits


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Contact Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

John Whitehead

Department of Economics

Appalachian State University

Boone, NC 28608

[email protected]

http://www.appstate.edu/~whiteheadjc


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Nested Logit Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

Party/charter

Private/rental

Ten counties

Eight counties


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Nested Logit Results Recreational Fishing in the Southeast United States*

Number of observations = 685

Number of alternatives = 18

Number of cases = 12330


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