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Understanding Alcohol Driver Education Alcohol Use Patterns No Teen Data Average number of servings per month by age Abstainers Infrequent drinkers Light drinkers - Do not drink or drink less often than once a year

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Understanding Alcohol Driver Education

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Understanding Alcohol

Driver Education


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Alcohol Use Patterns No Teen Data

Average number of servings per month by age


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Abstainers

Infrequent drinkers

Light drinkers

- Do not drink or drink less often than once a year

- Drink once a month at most and drink small amounts per typical drinking occasion

- Drink once a month at most and drink medium amounts per typical drinking occasion, or drink no more than three to four times a month

Criteria for Drinking Classifications


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Moderate drinkers

Moderate/heavy drinkers

Heavy drinkers

- Drink at least once a week and medium amounts per typical drinking occasion

- Drink at least once a week and medium amounts per typical drinking occasion or three to four times a month and large amounts per typical drinking occasion

- Drink at least once a week and large amounts per typical drinking occasion

Criteria for Drinking Classifications


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Alcohol Use Patterns

Moderate drinking redefined (NIAAA)

  • No more than two drinks each day for most men and one drink each day for women

    Binge drinking

  • Refers to the consumption of five drinks in a row, at least once during the previous two-week period


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Alcohol Use Patterns

  • Individuals who should NOT consume Alcohol:

    • Drivers

    • Pregnant women

    • Recovering Alcoholics

    • Medical Conditions or Taking Medication

    • Under 21 years of age


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What does alcohol do?

  • Judgment

  • Inhibition

  • Coordination

  • Depth perception

  • Reaction/movement time


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Nature of Alcoholic Beverages

Ethanol Alcohol or Ethanol

Fermentation

  • A chemical process whereby plant products are converted into alcohol by the action of yeast cells on carbohydrate materials

    Proof

  • A number that is twice the percentage of alcohol by volume in a beverage (ex) 100 proof = 50% pure alcohol


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Nature of Alcoholic Beverages

  • Nutritional Value

    • Calories

    • Simple Carbohydrates

    • No vitamins, minerals, fat or protein

    • 7 calories per gram

  • Proof= twice the %alcohol (100 proof is 50% alcohol)


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A Drink is a Drink is a Drink

  • Beer: 12 oz * 5% alcohol = 0.60 oz

  • Wine: 5 oz * 12% alcohol = 0.60 oz

  • Gin: 1.25 oz * 50% alcohol = 0.625 0z

  • Others: read the label and do the math.


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Concentrations

  • Wine Coolers: 12 oz * (4 to 10 %) = 0.48 to 1.2 oz. Can be two drinks.

  • Others: average 7%


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Factors that influence the Absorption of Alcohol

  • Strength of the beverage

  • Number of drinks consumed

  • Speed of consumption

  • Presence of food

  • Body Mass/ Lean Tissue

  • Body chemistry


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Party Guidelines

  • Beverage vs. drug

  • Know what you are drinking/Mix your own.

  • One drink per hour

  • Water or soft drink between

  • Solid food with the drinks

  • Drinking is no game, don’t play!


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Blood Alcohol Concentration

BAC

  • The percentage of alcohol in a measured quantity of blood; BAC can be determined directly through the analysis of a blood sample or indirectly, through the analysis of exhaled air

    Acute alcohol intoxication

  • A potentially fatal elevation of the BAC, often resulting from heavy, rapid consumption of alcohol

    Sobering up – Oxidation (Liver) over Time


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Alcohol-Related Health Problems

  • Accidents – 17 States Legal BAC = 0.08%

    • Other States Legal BAC = 0.10%

  • Social problems

    • Fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects (Placenta)

    • Crime and violence

    • Suicide


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Hosting a Party Responsibly

  • Provide other social activities as a primary focus when alcohol is served

  • Respect an individual’s decision about alcohol if that decision is either to abstain or to drink responsibly

  • Recognize the decision not to drink and the respect it warrants by providing equally attractive and accessible nonalcoholic drinks when alcohol is served


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Hosting a Party Responsibly

  • Recognize that drunkenness is neither healthy nor safe— one should not excuse otherwise unacceptable behavior solely because the individual had “too much to drink”

  • Provide food when alcohol is served

  • Serve diluted drinks, and do not urge that glasses be constantly full

  • Keep the cocktail hour before dinner to a reasonable time and consumption limit


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Hosting a Party Responsibly

  • Recognize your responsibility for the health, safety, and pleasure of both the drinker and the nondrinker by avoiding intoxication and by helping others do the same

  • Make contingency plans for intoxication

  • Serve or use alcohol only in environments conducive to pleasant and relaxing behavior


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Organizations That SupportResponsible Drinking

  • Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)

  • Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD)

  • Boost Alcohol Consciousness Concerning the Health of University Students (BACCHUS)

  • Greeks Advocating Mature Management of Alcohol (GAMMA)


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Problem Drinking and Alcoholism

  • Problem drinking

  • Alcoholism

  • Codependence

  • Denial and enabling

  • Alcoholism and the family

  • Helping the alcoholic: Rehabilitation and recovery


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Current Alcohol Concerns

  • Adult children of alcoholic parents

  • Women and alcohol

  • Alcohol advertising


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Summary

Questions?


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