Vernal ponds contained basin depressions lacking a permanent above ground outlet
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Vernal Ponds Contained Basin Depressions Lacking a Permanent Above Ground Outlet. Small Pool in a shallow Depression of a Wooded Area. Pool Formed by a Flooded Meadow. Pool in a Vegetated Wetland. Pool in a Red Maple Swamp. Large Pool Among Hills in an Upland Forest.

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Vernal ponds contained basin depressions lacking a permanent above ground outlet l.jpg
Vernal PondsContained Basin Depressions Lacking a Permanent Above Ground Outlet

Small Pool in a shallow Depression of a Wooded Area


Slide2 l.jpg

Pool Formed by a Flooded Meadow

Pool in a Vegetated

Wetland


Slide3 l.jpg

Pool in a Red

Maple Swamp

Large Pool Among Hills in an

Upland Forest


Obligate vernal pond breeders l.jpg
Obligate Vernal Pond Breeders

  • Wood Frogs

  • Mole Salamanders

    • Spotted

    • Jefferson/Blue Spotted

    • Marbled

  • Fairy Shrimp


Spotted salamander ambystoma maculatum l.jpg
Spotted SalamanderAmbystoma Maculatum





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Spotted Egg Masses Salamanders

Egg Masses Most Often

On Vegetation

Developing Eggs


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Spotted Salamander Larvae SalamandersIncomplete Metamorphosis


Other obligate mole salamanders l.jpg
Other Obligate Mole Salamanders Salamanders

Blue Spotted Salamander



Marbled salamander l.jpg
Marbled Salamander Salamanders


Wood frogs rana sylvatica l.jpg
Wood Frogs SalamandersRana Sylvatica

Adult Females

The “Quacking Frog”


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Engaged In Amplexus SalamandersWood Frog Eggs

External Fertilization



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Wood frog Metamorphosis Salamanders

Tadpole to frog

Tadpoles



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Fairy Shrimp Salamanders

1 – 2 inch crustaceans that

Swim upside down


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Spring Peepers Salamanders

Eastern Newts

Spadefoot Toad

American Toad

Fowlers Toad

Pickerel Frog

Leopard Frog

Green Frog

Bullfrog

Gray Tree Frog

Spotted Turtle

Blanding’s Turtle

Wood Turtle

Invertebrates

Facultative Vernal Pond Breeders


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Facultative Amphibians Spring Peeper Salamanders

Distinguishing characteristics: X Marks the Spot and the

Pads on the Toes


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Other Facultative Amphibians Salamanders

Fowlers Toad

Spadefoot Toad


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Leopard Frog Salamanders

Pickerel Frog


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Bullfrog Salamanders

Largest New England Frog


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Gray Treefrog Salamanders


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American Toad Salamanders

Distinguishing Characteristics

Warts

White Line down the Center of the Back


Facultative breeders green frogs common lake pond species l.jpg
Facultative Breeders SalamandersGreen FrogsCommon Lake/Pond Species

Distinguishing Characteristics

Green Throat

Ridge Lines from Eyes to Hind Legs


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Eastern Newts Salamanders

Adult and Juvenile Red Eft


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Facultative Reptiles Salamanders

Spotted Turtle

Blanding’s Turtle

Wood Turtle


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Vernal Pond Invertebrates Salamanders

Backswimmer

Isopod

Dragonfly Nymph



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Threats to Vernal Ponds Salamanders

  • Development

  • Logging

  • Recreation

  • Other?


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Vernal Pond Certification with Obligate Species Salamanders

  • Signed Observation Form

  • USGS Map + One Other Map

  • Evidence of Obligate Species

    • Photo of Pool Holding Water

    • Photo of Obligate Species Breeding


Certification of vernal pond with facultative species l.jpg
Certification of Vernal Pond with Facultative Species Salamanders

  • Signed Observation Form

  • USGS Map + One Additional Map

  • Photos

    • Photos of Pool Holding Water and the Pool Dry

    • Photos of two or more Facultative Species


Certification of dry vernal pool l.jpg
Certification of Dry Vernal Pool Salamanders

  • Signed Observation Form

  • USGS Map + One Other Map

  • Photos

    • Photo of the Pool Basis Without Water

    • Photo of Facultative Species Persistent After Pool Drying such as snail shells, fingernail clam shells, exuvia of dragonflies and damselflies


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