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Understanding Movies . Editing. Shot : the basic unit of film (one or more frames in a series on a continuous length of film stock). Editing : the coordination of one shot with another. Editing. Four Basic Types of Relationship Between Shots. Graphic Rhythmic Spatial Temporal. Graphic.

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editing
Shot: the basic unit of film (one or more frames in a series on a continuous length of film stock)

Editing: the coordination of one shot with another

Editing
graphic
Graphic
  • Patterns of
    • light and dark
    • line and shape
    • volume and depth
    • movement and stasis
  • Create
    • graphic match
    • graphic clash
rhythmic
Rhythmic
  • Variation of physical length of shot:
    • Relatively similar lengths (steady rhythm)
    • Relatively shorter lengths (accelerating rhythm)
    • Relatively longer lengths (slowing rhythm)
    • Long takes (rhythm supplied by camera)
  • Music accentuates rhythmic editing
spatial
Spatial
  • Conventional scene:
    • Establishing shot
    • Shots breaking that into shorter units
    • New establishing shot, and so on
  • Editing constructs spatial relationships where none exists in reality
  • Parallel editing allows shots from two or more different locales to be juxtaposed for thematic or dramatic reasons
temporal
Temporal
  • Conventionally, stories are told chronologically, with occasional flashbacks or flash forwards
  • Within that framework, editing allows ellipsis (shortening the action from real time) and expansion (prolonging the action through overlapping editing or repetition)
classic hollywood style continuity editing
Classic Hollywood Style: Continuity Editing
  • Graphic elements kept roughly similar within a scene
  • Rhythm usually dependent on camera distance
  • Spatial continuity within ‘axis of action’
    • 180 degree rule controls
      • Establishing shot
      • Shot counter shot
      • Eyeline matches
      • Match on action
  • Temporal continuity usually appears continuous, but regularly elides action
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