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Understanding Movies . Editing. Shot : the basic unit of film (one or more frames in a series on a continuous length of film stock). Editing : the coordination of one shot with another. Editing. Four Basic Types of Relationship Between Shots. Graphic Rhythmic Spatial Temporal. Graphic.

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Shot: the basic unit of film (one or more frames in a series on a continuous length of film stock)

Editing: the coordination of one shot with another

Editing


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Four Basic Types of Relationship Between Shots

  • Graphic

  • Rhythmic

  • Spatial

  • Temporal


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Graphic

  • Patterns of

    • light and dark

    • line and shape

    • volume and depth

    • movement and stasis

  • Create

    • graphic match

    • graphic clash


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Rhythmic

  • Variation of physical length of shot:

    • Relatively similar lengths (steady rhythm)

    • Relatively shorter lengths (accelerating rhythm)

    • Relatively longer lengths (slowing rhythm)

    • Long takes (rhythm supplied by camera)

  • Music accentuates rhythmic editing


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Spatial

  • Conventional scene:

    • Establishing shot

    • Shots breaking that into shorter units

    • New establishing shot, and so on

  • Editing constructs spatial relationships where none exists in reality

  • Parallel editing allows shots from two or more different locales to be juxtaposed for thematic or dramatic reasons


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Temporal

  • Conventionally, stories are told chronologically, with occasional flashbacks or flash forwards

  • Within that framework, editing allows ellipsis (shortening the action from real time) and expansion (prolonging the action through overlapping editing or repetition)


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Classic Hollywood Style: Continuity Editing

  • Graphic elements kept roughly similar within a scene

  • Rhythm usually dependent on camera distance

  • Spatial continuity within ‘axis of action’

    • 180 degree rule controls

      • Establishing shot

      • Shot counter shot

      • Eyeline matches

      • Match on action

  • Temporal continuity usually appears continuous, but regularly elides action


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