The ultimate killing machines
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The Ultimate Killing Machines. The Weapons of World War One. Section Overview & Objectives. Weapons on land. Weapons on the high seas. Weapons in the air. Identify the different types of weapons and their effectiveness in the war. Explain how these weapons changed the nature of war.

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The Ultimate Killing Machines

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The ultimate killing machines

The Ultimate KillingMachines

The Weapons of World War One


Section overview objectives

Section Overview & Objectives

  • Weapons on land.

  • Weapons on the high seas.

  • Weapons in the air.

  • Identify the different types of weapons and their effectiveness in the war.

  • Explain how these weapons changed the nature of war.


Trench warfare

Trench Warfare

  • Trenches extended for miles on both sides of the war

  • Trenches housed troops and supplies and served as headquarters for the generals

  • German trenches were better protected and even had shops and barbers

  • Very muddy after rainstorms (“trenchfoot”)

  • “No man’s land” area between the trenches


Weapons in the trenches

Machine Guns

Been around since the US Civil War (Gatling guns)

Able to kill many soldiers at one time

Long-range Artillery

German “Big Bertha”

Some guns were mounted on railroad cars miles away from the Front.

Able to fire a two ton shell up to 20 miles away.

Extended the war to major cities (Paris) and civilians.

Weapons in the trenches


German railroad gun

German Railroad Gun


Land weapons cont d

The Motorized Tank

Introduced at the Battle of Cambrai, 1917

Developed by the British

Most tanks were ineffective because they got stuck in the mud a lot.

Poison Gas

Introduced by the Germans at the Second Battle of Ypres, 1915

Chlorine, Mustard Gas and Phosgene were the most commonly used gases.

Those who did not get their gas masks on in time would suffer blindness or drown in their own lungs.

Wind patterns can make poison gas ineffective and even backfire.

Land Weapons, Cont’d


The ultimate killing machines

L-American soldier and horse with gas masks.

Above: German gas attack


The war at sea

Two main weapons:

Dreadnoughts (or battleships)

Rarely used in the war (Jutland)

Submarines (U-boats)

Unterseebooten

Very effective during the German blockade of England

Would eventually lead to the United States entering the war.

The War at Sea


German u boat ub1

German U-Boat “UB1”


The war in the sky

Airplanes

Used first for observation

Gradually used for bombing, then aerial “dogfights”

Manfred von Richthofen AKA the “Red Baron”

Zeppelins: rigid airships

Used primarily for bombing runs over London in 1915.

Filled with hydrogen gas…

which often led to them being blown up in the sky

The War in the Sky


The ultimate killing machines

Clockwise from Top L:

Manfred von Richthofen, the “Red Baron,” a German Zeppelin, and a German “Albatross” fighter plane.


The lusitania

The Lusitania

  • British passenger liner (Cunard Line)

  • Launched 1906

  • Fastest ocean liner of the day

  • Sailed from New York May 1 1915 with over 1,900 people aboard

  • Warned by the Germans that their ship could be sunk without warning


The german warning

The German Warning


The results

The results

  • Lusitania sank 18 minutes after the torpedo struck

  • Of the 1,950 on board, 1,200 died, including 128 Americans

  • America almost enters the war, but Germany promises to stop sinking ships

  • Germany later breaks the promise and resumes sinkings, bringing the US into the war in 1917


The changing face of war

The Changing Face of War

  • Before World War One…

  • War was seen as romantic, with brave men marching off to the battlefield.

  • Now that you’ve seen the “advances” in weaponry during WWI, what do you think the war was like?


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