The Ultimate Killing Machines. The Weapons of World War One. Section Overview & Objectives. Weapons on land. Weapons on the high seas. Weapons in the air. Identify the different types of weapons and their effectiveness in the war. Explain how these weapons changed the nature of war.
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The Weapons of World War One
Been around since the US Civil War (Gatling guns)
Able to kill many soldiers at one time
German “Big Bertha”
Some guns were mounted on railroad cars miles away from the Front.
Able to fire a two ton shell up to 20 miles away.
Extended the war to major cities (Paris) and civilians.Weapons in the trenches
Introduced at the Battle of Cambrai, 1917
Developed by the British
Most tanks were ineffective because they got stuck in the mud a lot.
Introduced by the Germans at the Second Battle of Ypres, 1915
Chlorine, Mustard Gas and Phosgene were the most commonly used gases.
Those who did not get their gas masks on in time would suffer blindness or drown in their own lungs.
Wind patterns can make poison gas ineffective and even backfire.Land Weapons, Cont’d
Above: German gas attack
Dreadnoughts (or battleships)
Rarely used in the war (Jutland)
Very effective during the German blockade of England
Would eventually lead to the United States entering the war.The War at Sea
Used first for observation
Gradually used for bombing, then aerial “dogfights”
Manfred von Richthofen AKA the “Red Baron”
Zeppelins: rigid airships
Used primarily for bombing runs over London in 1915.
Filled with hydrogen gas…
which often led to them being blown up in the skyThe War in the Sky
Manfred von Richthofen, the “Red Baron,” a German Zeppelin, and a German “Albatross” fighter plane.