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The History of the Star-Spangled Banner. Britain had signed a Treaty to end the Revolution in 1783. America became a country. The British also agreed to give up their forts and allow settlers to move west.

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The history of the star spangled banner l.jpg

The History of the Star-Spangled Banner


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Napoleon

America

British forces


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  • America was a new country and many did not think it could protect itself.

  • Shipping was very important to the early Americans. Business was dependent upon shipping to other countries.

  • Those that were involved in sea trade, did not want to go to war against Britain. They didn’t want to see trade disrupted.


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Madison was a small man – about 5 ft. 4 inches and weighed about 120 pounds. He had enormous intelligence and was often underestimated by others.


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  • WHAT were they thinking??? declare war on England in 1812. Many were against the war, but Madison got Congress to sign on and the war began.

  • The American army invaded Canada, still a British colony, hoping to conquer this British territory.

  • The Indians joined the British and the Americans were not prepared for the battle.

  • The Americans burned the Parliament building in York (now known as Toronto) and retreated.


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  • To get revenge for the burning of York in Canada, the British attacked Washington, D.C.

  • Dolley ran for her life, but only after she had managed to save many important historical items, including the portrait of George Washington, velvet curtains, and important papers.

  • Before the British burned Madison’s home, they sat down and enjoyed the dinner Dolley had prepared for her guests. Then they set fire to the President’s mansion.


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“Our kind friend, Mr. Carroll, has come to hasten my departure, and is in a very bad humor with me because I insist on waiting until the large picture of Gen. Washington is secured, and it requires to be unscrewed from the wall. This process was found to be too tedious for these perilous moments; I have ordered the frame to be broken, and the canvas taken out; it is done – and the precious portrait placed in the hands of 2 gentlemen of New York for safekeeping.” Dolley Madison

  • Portrait of George Washington, 1799


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  • Now, imagine the port filled with ships. Houses lined the waterfront.

  • Baltimore was under the command of Major General Samuel Smith.

  • Major Smith convinced the ship owners to sink their own ships in the water.

  • This turned out to be a great plan – the British warships couldn’t come into the harbor because of the sunken vessels.


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  • Baltimore also was home to Fort McHenry. waterfront.

  • This fort was commanded by Major George Armistead.

  • The fort was shaped like a star, with cannons mounted at every point.

  • It was located on Baltimore Harbor.

  • On September 13, 1814, the British attack Fort McHenry.



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DID YOU KNOW????????? waterfront.

  • Nearly 61 percent of Americans do not know all of the words to the Star Spangled Banner.

  • More than 70 percent of Americans learned the Star-Spangled Banner at school during music class.

  • Among teens, 38 percent do not know the name of our National Anthem.

  • Less than 35 percent of teens can name the author of the National Anthem.


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LET’S CHANGE THIS….. waterfront.

  • AS FEW AS 15 PERCENT OF AMERICAN YOUTH CAN SING THE WORDS TO THE ANTHEM.


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  • O say, can you see, by the dawn’s early light. waterfront.

  • What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming?

  • Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,

  • O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming!


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Acknowledgements waterfront.

  • http://www.bcpl.net/~etowner/anthem.html (national anthem instrumental and flag picture)

  • United Streaming (Washington video clip is 2:49; Fort McHenry video clip is 3:05)

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