sexually transmitted infections

sexually transmitted infections PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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sexually transmitted infections

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1. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Sexually transmitted infections Introductory notes for trainer Welcome and introductions – introduce yourself and ask everyone within the group to do the same. Trainer suggestion – to establish the importance of the content within this session, begin by briefly discussing the importance of sexually transmitted infections and the importance they have on the individuals involved and on society as a whole. Target audience: all health and social care workers Group size: flexible Timing: from a 10 to 15 minute presentation, to a one-hour session (i.e. presentation, plus downloads and activities) Aim: to give participants an understanding the different sexually transmitted infections, the importance of prevention and where to go for effective treatment, and the different screening programmes currently underway Materials: refer to Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE Sexually transmitted infections download section Introductory notes for trainer Welcome and introductions – introduce yourself and ask everyone within the group to do the same. Trainer suggestion – to establish the importance of the content within this session, begin by briefly discussing the importance of sexually transmitted infections and the importance they have on the individuals involved and on society as a whole. Target audience: all health and social care workers Group size: flexible Timing: from a 10 to 15 minute presentation, to a one-hour session (i.e. presentation, plus downloads and activities) Aim: to give participants an understanding the different sexually transmitted infections, the importance of prevention and where to go for effective treatment, and the different screening programmes currently underway Materials: refer to Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE Sexually transmitted infections download section

2. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Learning outcomes: Trainer suggestion – explain the learning outcomes to the group. By the end of this session participants will be able to: Explain the different sexually transmitted infections Discuss effective methods of prevention Know where to go for prompt, effective, confidential treatment Understand the importance of screening and how the different programmes work. Learning outcomes: Trainer suggestion – explain the learning outcomes to the group. By the end of this session participants will be able to: Explain the different sexually transmitted infections Discuss effective methods of prevention Know where to go for prompt, effective, confidential treatment Understand the importance of screening and how the different programmes work.

3. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Sexually transmitted infections The diseases

4. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Sexually transmitted infections Conditions, infections or diseases relating to the sexual health of an individual Can have serious effects on the individuals health, self-esteem and overall well-being. Sexually transmitted infections Sexually transmitted infections can be described as conditions, infections or diseases which relate to the sexual health of an individual. Catching a sexually transmitted infection can be generally quite unpleasant and many, if left untreated, can have serious effects on the individual’s health, self-esteem and overall well-being. Trainer suggestion – Explain to the group that it is important to be aware of the different conditions, the symptoms presented and the different forms of treatment offered. Use the downloads within the sexually transmitted infections section of the module to explain and discuss the different infections. Sexually transmitted infections Sexually transmitted infections can be described as conditions, infections or diseases which relate to the sexual health of an individual. Catching a sexually transmitted infection can be generally quite unpleasant and many, if left untreated, can have serious effects on the individual’s health, self-esteem and overall well-being. Trainer suggestion – Explain to the group that it is important to be aware of the different conditions, the symptoms presented and the different forms of treatment offered.

5. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Sexually transmitted infections Treatment and prevention Treatment and prevention Effective prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections is very important in order to avoid wide-spread outbreaks.Treatment and prevention Effective prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections is very important in order to avoid wide-spread outbreaks.

6. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Prevention Most effective method of prevention is to practise SAFER SEX Most importantly – ALWAYS wear a condom Prevention The most effective method of prevention is to practise safer sex, and most importantly, to always wear a condom. Trainer suggestion – Open a discussion with the group about how they would explain safer sex. Distribute the ‘safer sex’ leaflet within the download section to the participants and use it as a discussion tool. Prevention The most effective method of prevention is to practise safer sex, and most importantly, to always wear a condom. Trainer suggestion – Open a discussion with the group about how they would explain safer sex. Distribute the ‘safer sex’ leaflet within the download section to the participants and use it as a discussion tool.

7. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Treatment Once infected, prompt effective treatment is essential It reduces suffering and complications, and the chance of onward infection Sexual health treatment and advice is available at many different facilities Treatment Once an individual is infected, prompt effective treatment is essential. This not only reduces the suffering and complications that may be experienced by the infected individual, but also reduces the likelihood of onward infection. There are many different facilities available that offer confidential sexual health services, ranging from GP surgeries to specialised genitourinary medicine clinics. To be able to offer the most effective treatment option to those infected, it is important to understand the roles of the different facilities and the type of assistance they offer. Trainer suggestion – If time, present the ‘where to go for help’ presentation from the download section. Afterwards open a discussion with the participants about the different facilities within their area and how they use them. If there is not enough time to show the presentation, print out the notes pages and distribute them amongst the participants and encourage them to read it for further knowledge. Treatment Once an individual is infected, prompt effective treatment is essential. This not only reduces the suffering and complications that may be experienced by the infected individual, but also reduces the likelihood of onward infection. There are many different facilities available that offer confidential sexual health services, ranging from GP surgeries to specialised genitourinary medicine clinics. To be able to offer the most effective treatment option to those infected, it is important to understand the roles of the different facilities and the type of assistance they offer. Trainer suggestion – If time, present the ‘where to go for help’ presentation from the download section. Afterwards open a discussion with the participants about the different facilities within their area and how they use them. If there is not enough time to show the presentation, print out the notes pages and distribute them amongst the participants and encourage them to read it for further knowledge.

8. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth In the event of an outbreak An outbreak of a sexually transmitted infection is very different from other diseases All personnel should be aware of their roles and responsibilities In the event of an outbreak Sexually transmitted infections pose very different issues from other diseases and as such, outbreaks require specific rules and protocols. To ensure effective handling in the event of an outbreak, all personnel should be aware of their roles and responsibilities. Trainer suggestion – Print and distribute the clinical backgrounder from the download section on what to do in the event of an outbreak. If time allows open a discussion with the group about their personal outbreak plans – are they aware of their protocol and if so, ask them to explain them. If there is not enough time, encourage the participants to read the backgrounder to gain further knowledge and also to ensure they are aware of their local protocols. In the event of an outbreak Sexually transmitted infections pose very different issues from other diseases and as such, outbreaks require specific rules and protocols. To ensure effective handling in the event of an outbreak, all personnel should be aware of their roles and responsibilities. Trainer suggestion – Print and distribute the clinical backgrounder from the download section on what to do in the event of an outbreak. If time allows open a discussion with the group about their personal outbreak plans – are they aware of their protocol and if so, ask them to explain them. If there is not enough time, encourage the participants to read the backgrounder to gain further knowledge and also to ensure they are aware of their local protocols.

9. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Sexually transmitted infections Screening programmes

10. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Screening Vital in maintaining health and wellbeing of the population Early detection of disease enables steps to be taken to: improve quality of life of those affected improve the success rate of treatment help prevent diseases from being passed on Screening Screening programmes play a vital role in maintaining the health and wellbeing of the population. They involve testing a group of individuals for a disease, even though they may not be experiencing symptoms. Early detection enables steps to be taken to: improve quality of life of those affected improve the success rate of treatment help prevent diseases from being passed on. In essence – screening saves lives Trainer suggestion – If time allows, show the screening overview presentation from the download section of the module. If time does not allow, distribute the notes pages to the participants and encourage them to read them for further information. Screening Screening programmes play a vital role in maintaining the health and wellbeing of the population. They involve testing a group of individuals for a disease, even though they may not be experiencing symptoms. Early detection enables steps to be taken to: improve quality of life of those affected improve the success rate of treatment help prevent diseases from being passed on. In essence – screening saves lives Trainer suggestion – If time allows, show the screening overview presentation from the download section of the module. If time does not allow, distribute the notes pages to the participants and encourage them to read them for further information.

11. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth National screening programmes National cervical screening programme National chlamydia screening programme National screening programmes A number of national screening programmes are run to help detect certain sexual health conditions in their early stages. These include the National Cervical Screening Programme, and the National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) currently being run in England. The National Cervical Screening Programme offers screening to all women aged between the ages of 25 and 64 years of age in England, 20 and 64 years of age in Wales and 20 to 60 years of age in Scotland. The screening programme automatically contacts all women registered with a GP to offer them the test and recalls them as necessary when the time arises. The interval between screening depends on the age of the woman. Between 25-49 years – screened every 3 years. Between 50-64 years – screened every 5 years. Over 65 years – only screened if they have not been tested since before the age of 50 or if they have received abnormal results The National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) is an opportunistic screening programme designed to target sexually active men and women under the age of 25 years who may be attending a range of health clinics. Testing is offered to: all sexually active males and females under the age of 25 years of age all those who may have been in contact with someone testing positive for chlamydia. Chlamydia testing is also available to anyone over the age of 25 years in genitourinary clinics or GP practices. National screening programmes A number of national screening programmes are run to help detect certain sexual health conditions in their early stages. These include the National Cervical Screening Programme, and the National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) currently being run in England. The National Cervical Screening Programme offers screening to all women aged between the ages of 25 and 64 years of age in England, 20 and 64 years of age in Wales and 20 to 60 years of age in Scotland. The screening programme automatically contacts all women registered with a GP to offer them the test and recalls them as necessary when the time arises. The interval between screening depends on the age of the woman. Between 25-49 years – screened every 3 years. Between 50-64 years – screened every 5 years. Over 65 years – only screened if they have not been tested since before the age of 50 or if they have received abnormal results The National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) is an opportunistic screening programme designed to target sexually active men and women under the age of 25 years who may be attending a range of health clinics. Testing is offered to: all sexually active males and females under the age of 25 years of age all those who may have been in contact with someone testing positive for chlamydia. Chlamydia testing is also available to anyone over the age of 25 years in genitourinary clinics or GP practices.

12. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Screening for other diseases Certain sexually transmitted infections are routinely screened for in high risk groups and during pregnancy These include: HIV Hepatitis B Syphilis Other conditions screened on a bespoke basis depending on symptoms and sexual history Screening for other diseases HIV, hepatitis B and syphilis are routinely screened for in certain high risk groups or during pregnancy. Other sexually transmitted infections are screened for on a bespoke basis, depending symptoms and sexual history. Trainer suggestion – Use the HIV screening pre-test discussion briefing document as a discussion tool within the group. Do they understand the importance of an HIV test and the role in which they may play in their pre-test discussion with the patient? The ‘Hepatitis B – who should be tested’ leaflet can also be used here to check the knowledge of the participants. Are they aware of who should be routinely screened for hepatitis B?Screening for other diseases HIV, hepatitis B and syphilis are routinely screened for in certain high risk groups or during pregnancy. Other sexually transmitted infections are screened for on a bespoke basis, depending symptoms and sexual history. Trainer suggestion – Use the HIV screening pre-test discussion briefing document as a discussion tool within the group. Do they understand the importance of an HIV test and the role in which they may play in their pre-test discussion with the patient? The ‘Hepatitis B – who should be tested’ leaflet can also be used here to check the knowledge of the participants. Are they aware of who should be routinely screened for hepatitis B?

13. The content contained within Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE is not intended nor does it replace individual professional advice.© IN>PRACTICE is a collaborative project developed by Healthcare A2Z in association with the RCN PNA. Find Sexual Health IN>PRACTICE at www.in-practice.org/sexualhealth Sexually transmitted infections Any questions? Any questions? Trainer suggestion – Draw the session to a close and offer participants the opportunity to raise any questions or comments they may have. Any questions? Trainer suggestion – Draw the session to a close and offer participants the opportunity to raise any questions or comments they may have.

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