Safety and Environmental Compliance at ECU

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Safety and Environmental Compliance at ECU

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1. Safety and Environmental Compliance at ECU Environmental Health & Safety Prospective Health 210 East Fourth Street Warren Life Sciences 328-6166 744-2070 EH&S Administration Radiation Safety Industrial Hygiene & Safety Biological Safety Environmental Management Infection Control Workers’ Compensation Employee Health Make sure you give a good detailed explanation of where Prospective Health is locatedMake sure you give a good detailed explanation of where Prospective Health is located

2. EH&S PROGRAMS DIRECTOR - University Wide Safety & Health WORKER’S COMPENSATION INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE -General Safety -Personal Protective Equipment -Fire Safety -Asbestos -Chemical Hygiene -Ergonomics -Facility Inspections Give an brief explanation of the services and programs provided by EH&S.Give an brief explanation of the services and programs provided by EH&S.

3. EH&S PROGRAMS (continued) ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT -Hazardous Waste -Air Quality -Sanitation -Indoor Air Quality -Air & Water Protection -Waste Minimization -Emergency Preparedness -Sustainability -Auditing

4. EH&S SERVICES EH&S provides the following services: -Accident Investigation -Hazard Assessment -PPE Assessment/Selection -Grant Reviews -Fume Hood Evaluations -Employee Exposure Monitoring -Ergonomic Assessments -Respiratory Protection/Fit Testing -Hazardous Chemical Waste Pickup -IAQ Investigations -Environmental Consulting -Emergency Preparedness Consulting -Waste Minimization Consulting -Environmental Specific Training

5. EH&S Web Page Explain that this is a good place to go for training resources. Site is continuously updated.Explain that this is a good place to go for training resources. Site is continuously updated.

6. EH&S Policy Statement Protect and promote the health and safety of students, employees, patients, visitors, and the environment Primary responsibility rests with the Chancellor and, by delegated authority, to the Vice Chancellor for Administration and Finance Operational component delegated to the Directors of EH&S and Prospective Health The ultimate success of the safety and environmental programs depends upon the conscientious and cooperative efforts of all Expectation that every employee actively promote and support the safety and environmental program Protect and promote the health and safety of our students, employees, patients, campus visitors, and the environment and through compliance with applicable safety and environmental regulations, accreditation requirements, and consensus standards. Primary responsibility rests with the Chancellor and, by delegated authority, to the Vice Chancellor for Administration and Finance. They are responsible for ensuring that safety and environmental responsibility are given an appropriate level of importance and support. The operational component of the safety and environmental programs has been delegated to the Directors of Environmental Health & Safety and Prospective Health through the Vice Chancellor for Administration and Finance and the Vice Chancellor for Health Sciences, respectively. The ultimate success of the safety and environmental programs depends upon the conscientious and cooperative efforts of faculty, management, supervisors, employees, and students. Faculty, management and supervisors are expected to demonstrate leadership through displaying proper attitudes and providing the necessary resources and supervision to conduct activities safely and to help ensure environmental compliance. The University also expects every employee to actively promote and support the safety and environmental program by observing applicable rules and continuously improving their safety and environmental skills through taking advantage of available training and resources. Protect and promote the health and safety of our students, employees, patients, campus visitors, and the environment and through compliance with applicable safety and environmental regulations, accreditation requirements, and consensus standards. Primary responsibility rests with the Chancellor and, by delegated authority, to the Vice Chancellor for Administration and Finance. They are responsible for ensuring that safety and environmental responsibility are given an appropriate level of importance and support. The operational component of the safety and environmental programs has been delegated to the Directors of Environmental Health & Safety and Prospective Health through the Vice Chancellor for Administration and Finance and the Vice Chancellor for Health Sciences, respectively. The ultimate success of the safety and environmental programs depends upon the conscientious and cooperative efforts of faculty, management, supervisors, employees, and students. Faculty, management and supervisors are expected to demonstrate leadership through displaying proper attitudes and providing the necessary resources and supervision to conduct activities safely and to help ensure environmental compliance. The University also expects every employee to actively promote and support the safety and environmental program by observing applicable rules and continuously improving their safety and environmental skills through taking advantage of available training and resources.

7. Employer Responsibilities Employer must comply with OSHA and other safety and health standards “General duty” to provide workplace free of recognized hazards likely to cause injury University subject to inspection by OSHA, EPA and other regulatory agencies Talk about how fines can effect the university and grants that the department may have.Talk about how fines can effect the university and grants that the department may have.

8. Employee Responsibilities Employee must: Comply with applicable rules, regulations and policies Participate in training Notify supervisor of accidents (including near misses), spills, damaged equipment, safety deficiencies, prescription drug use or other conditions that may affect alertness or ability, etc.

9. Employee Rights and Responsibilities Employee has basic right to make a complaint regarding unsafe or unhealthy workplace conditions Address complaint in-house by notifying supervisor and/or EH&S at 328-6166 Contact NCDOL if issue cannot be resolved in-house (1-800-LABOR-NC) Employer cannot retaliate against an employee for making a complaint Employee confidentiality upon request Ask them to call us and give EH&S a chance to investigate complaints. NC LABOR also uses 1-800-NC-Labor now.Ask them to call us and give EH&S a chance to investigate complaints. NC LABOR also uses 1-800-NC-Labor now.

10. Accident Reporting/Medical Services Report all accidents (including near-misses) to your supervisor as soon as possible after the incident occurs If medical treatment is required, immediately report incident to EH&S EH&S will schedule appointment with Employee Health physician Utilize 911 system for life-threatening emergencies Submit forms to EH&S Reference workers’ compensation page on EH&S web site for additional info Call the ambulance. Do not put employee in vehicle and transport on your own. Make sure you contact EH&S in non-emergency cases to set up appointment. Call the ambulance. Do not put employee in vehicle and transport on your own. Make sure you contact EH&S in non-emergency cases to set up appointment.

11. Workers’ Compensation “Insurance” benefit available to any full-time, part-time or temporary employee including student workers North Carolina Workers’ Compensation Laws North Carolina Industrial Commission Covers accidental injuries and occupational illnesses (medical treatment and compensation for wages) Medical treatment must be authorized by EH&S Failure to comply with WC procedures may jeopardize coverage Third party case management There is a seven day waiting period before you are paid for any loss time. You need to report injury immediately to get clock started. There is a seven day waiting period before you are paid for any loss time. You need to report injury immediately to get clock started.

12. Emergency Action Plans Each department must have a plan that includes: Evacuation procedures Location of primary and secondary exits Location of pull stations Location of designated meeting site Emergency phone numbers Procedures for accounting for personnel Procedures for evacuating disabled personnel Procedures for personnel with special responsibilities during an alarm Ask Supervisor for departmental plan and review Drills conducted annually You need to know where primary and secondary sites are for accountability. Sound the alarm and leave building.You need to know where primary and secondary sites are for accountability. Sound the alarm and leave building.

13. Emergency Evacuation Procedures When alarm is activated or if there is a fire or other emergency, employees must evacuate building immediately and not return until instructed to do so Activate alarm as you exit building, call 911 from a safe location and go to your designated meeting location Do not attempt to fight a fire or respond to other emergencies unless you are trained to do so Procedures for Disabled Sound the alarm and leave. Sound the alarm and leave.

14. Fire Prevention Plan Variety of fire hazards and ignition sources Control procedures, handling and storage practices Personnel responsible for control of fires and fuel source hazards Housekeeping practices Fire Extinguisher Use Policy Scheduled inspections Your supervisor should explain the fire hazards and ways to recognize same. Keep hallways clear.Your supervisor should explain the fire hazards and ways to recognize same. Keep hallways clear.

15. Hazard Communication OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 - “Right to Know” Inform employees of hazards encountered in the work area – specifically chemical hazards – operations where hazardous chemicals are present Training is required upon initial employment, when a new hazard is introduced or when it is apparent employee does not understand requirements EH&S provides a general overview at orientation Supervisor provides chemical specific training Key is Hazard Identification – Labels, MSDSs and hazard warnings If it becomes apparent that you do not know the requirements is demonstrated if you can not discuss labels, MSDS, and hazard warnings. You would be subject to a 4 hour refresher class. If it becomes apparent that you do not know the requirements is demonstrated if you can not discuss labels, MSDS, and hazard warnings. You would be subject to a 4 hour refresher class.

16. Hazard Communication “Hazardous” - chemical is a physical hazard or health hazard Physical hazards – flammables, combustibles, corrosives, compressed gases, oxidizers, explosives, unstable reactives, water reactives Health hazards – sensitizers, toxic substances, irritants, carcinogens

17. Hazard Communication Routes of Entry Inhalation Absorption – skin & eyes Ingestion – direct & indirect Injection An example of indirect ingestion is: You are working in your lab and are wearing the proper equipment, gloves, lab coat, safety glasses, and closed toed shoes. The phone rings and go go answer it. Your friend wants to know if you are going to come down for lunch. You say yes and go back to finish what you are working on. When finished you remove your equipment and wash your hands. Just then the phone rings and you answer. You tell your friend you are coming. You go to lunch and open your lunch bag and pull out a sandwich and bite it. You have transferred the chemicals from the phone, to your hand, to your sandwich, and then to your mouth. An example of indirect ingestion is: You are working in your lab and are wearing the proper equipment, gloves, lab coat, safety glasses, and closed toed shoes. The phone rings and go go answer it. Your friend wants to know if you are going to come down for lunch. You say yes and go back to finish what you are working on. When finished you remove your equipment and wash your hands. Just then the phone rings and you answer. You tell your friend you are coming. You go to lunch and open your lunch bag and pull out a sandwich and bite it. You have transferred the chemicals from the phone, to your hand, to your sandwich, and then to your mouth.

18. LABELING REQUIREMENTS Every container (original and secondary) must be labeled with: Complete chemical name or trade name – no abbreviations Appropriate hazard warnings Name of manufacturer, or responsible party Date of preparation DO NOT PUT CHEMICAL FORMULAS ON LABEL as the only way to identify chemical. Make sure that you check labels and replace as needed.DO NOT PUT CHEMICAL FORMULAS ON LABEL as the only way to identify chemical. Make sure that you check labels and replace as needed.

19. Hazard Warnings Written or pictorial Hazard warnings come in many variations. They must be consistent throughout the lab and everybody must be trained on their use. The NFPA 704 diamond has four sections: Blue = health Red – flammability Yellow – reactivity White is special classification You will not always see something in the white area. The numbers range from 0 to 4 with zero meaning no problems in that area and four meaning serious problems.Hazard warnings come in many variations. They must be consistent throughout the lab and everybody must be trained on their use. The NFPA 704 diamond has four sections: Blue = health Red – flammability Yellow – reactivity White is special classification You will not always see something in the white area. The numbers range from 0 to 4 with zero meaning no problems in that area and four meaning serious problems.

20. MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS Reference that identifies chemical characteristics and hazards Must have one for each hazardous chemical used in the work area Each department maintains MSDS file Must be accessible to all employees whenever they are in the work area It is suggested that each lab also maintain their own copy of MSDS sheets in their lab. This could be placed in the book that also contains the CHP and lab inspection forms.It is suggested that each lab also maintain their own copy of MSDS sheets in their lab. This could be placed in the book that also contains the CHP and lab inspection forms.

21. MSDS INFORMATION Section 1 : IDENTIFICATION OF CHEMICAL Section 2 : HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS Section 3 : PHYSICAL DATA Section 4 : FIRE & EXPLOSION DATA Section 5 : HEALTH HAZARDS Section 6 : REACTIVITY Section 7 : PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Section 8 : SPILLS & LEAK PROCEDURES Section 9 : HANDLING & STORAGE You can read a MSDS sheet to find out information about chemicals. This is a good place to go when you get a new chemical in the workplace. You can find out information such as if you need to wear safety goggles instead of just glasses when working with the chemical.You can read a MSDS sheet to find out information about chemicals. This is a good place to go when you get a new chemical in the workplace. You can find out information such as if you need to wear safety goggles instead of just glasses when working with the chemical.

22. Hazard Communication Location and availability of hazard communication program, chemical inventory and MSDSs Methods to detect presence or release of hazardous chemical Protective measures Chemical waste Additional training Your supervisor should tell you about this information. When dealing with chemical waste make sure you do everything possible to minimize the waste from the start. This includes purchasing. We have a program called Recy-Chem where you can get chemicals for free. Also, when possible use waste minimization practices such as precipitation, elementary neutralization.Your supervisor should tell you about this information. When dealing with chemical waste make sure you do everything possible to minimize the waste from the start. This includes purchasing. We have a program called Recy-Chem where you can get chemicals for free. Also, when possible use waste minimization practices such as precipitation, elementary neutralization.

23. Asbestos Awareness Naturally occurring fibrous mineral found in building materials on campus including ceiling material, pipe insulation and floor tile Potential to cause health hazard if inhaled Intact, undisturbed material does not pose significant health risk Report damaged material to EH&S Additional training required Visit asbestos page on EH&S web site for additional information Asbestos has been around for years. It can only cause you problems when inhaled. If facilities is working in an area with asbestos they will ask you to leave the area and do everything possible to contain the asbestos. Asbestos has been around for years. It can only cause you problems when inhaled. If facilities is working in an area with asbestos they will ask you to leave the area and do everything possible to contain the asbestos.

24. Warning Tags and Signs Explain lock out/tag out use. Do not remove tag or try to operate equipment that has been tagged out. Obey warning signs.Explain lock out/tag out use. Do not remove tag or try to operate equipment that has been tagged out. Obey warning signs.

25. Ergonomics Adapting tasks to fit the employee One size does not fit all Maximizing your health and comfort by using your body in efficient ways Self-evaluation of behaviors and postures Recognizing signs and symptoms associated with musculoskeletal disorders Reporting Process There is an self evaluation checklist you can use to evaluate your work area. You can also request that we evaluate you job. Somebody will come down and watch what you do and make any recommendations. We will not tell you not to do part of your job. We will however, tell you how to do the job differently.There is an self evaluation checklist you can use to evaluate your work area. You can also request that we evaluate you job. Somebody will come down and watch what you do and make any recommendations. We will not tell you not to do part of your job. We will however, tell you how to do the job differently.

26. Environmental Sustainability Print e-mails only when necessary Use the back side of old drafts to print draft documents Where possible, copy and /or print on both sides of paper Do not dispose of any materials down storm drains – they drain to the Tar River Walk instead of driving Buy alcohol thermometers instead of Mercury Turn lights out when leaving office for more than 15 minutes Turn window air conditioners off at night and weekends Turn all non-essential equipment off at night Set summer thermostat at 78? and winter at 70?  Reference EH&S web site for additional Environmental Management information including the Special Event Food Service Policy and Hazardous Waste Guidelines Explain that a broken thermometer is a hazardous accident. We will respond and clean up area. Do not adjust the thermostat. Wear loose , light weight clothing if you are hot, or heavy clothing if you are cold. Space heaters are not allowed and will be confiscated.Explain that a broken thermometer is a hazardous accident. We will respond and clean up area. Do not adjust the thermostat. Wear loose , light weight clothing if you are hot, or heavy clothing if you are cold. Space heaters are not allowed and will be confiscated.

27. Recycle Regular trash Biological waste Radioactive waste Chemical waste Glass/sharps Drains Recycling Recycle paper/ magazines/ drink containers in collection bins in your building (Please don’t bring items from home). Housekeeping collects cardboard for recycling. Recycle printer & copier cartridges through Materials Management. Call ECU Recycling at 328-6096 for special recycling requests. EH&S recycles spent dry-cell batteries. Labs can offer over purchased chemicals to EH&S RecyChem program. Recycling Recycle paper/ magazines/ drink containers in collection bins in your building (Please don’t bring items from home). Housekeeping collects cardboard for recycling. Recycle printer & copier cartridges through Materials Management. Call ECU Recycling at 328-6096 for special recycling requests. EH&S recycles spent dry-cell batteries. Labs can offer over purchased chemicals to EH&S RecyChem program.

28. Laboratory Safety Required when engaged in laboratory use of hazardous chemicals - 29 CFR 1910.1450 Methods to detect presence or release of hazardous chemical Physical and health hazards Protective measures Chemical Hygiene Plan Hazardous waste storage and disposal Initial employment, new hazard is introduced and every 3 years Additional 2 hour training is required This training is offered on-line. Try and identify who should take it and let them know.This training is offered on-line. Try and identify who should take it and let them know.

29. Radiation Safety Radiation Sources – use requires review and approval by Radiation Safety Committee NRC compliance – shipping and receiving restrictions Radiation Safety Committee Radiation Safety Officer Radioactive waste 9 hour training

30. Biological Safety Biohazardous agents – infectious microorganisms, recombinant DNA molecules, agents carried in human tissue and experimental animals 5 classes of agents - 1 being the least hazardous Work with class 2 or greater, human blood, tissue or body fluid requires approval from Biosafety Committee Biosafety level 1 through 4 – each level consists of a combination of prescribed practices and safety equipment Biosafety cabinets Biohazardous waste Biosafety Officer Additional training

31. Bloodborne Pathogens OSHA 1910.1030 – Occupational exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials Exposure control plan Universal precautions – all blood and body fluid considered potentially infectious Sharps PPE – gloves, masks, eye protection Additional training required

32. Toxic and Hazardous Substances Lead Formaldehyde Ethylene Oxide Benzene Cadmium List of Carcinogens Exposure monitoring, regulated areas, medical surveillance, training and specific hazard control measures

33. Additional Training Electrical Safety Excavations PPE, Respiratory Protection, Hearing Protection, Fall Protection Lockout/Tagout Power Tools, Woodworking Machinery, Platforms, Forklifts, Scaffolding, Ladders and other equipment Confined Spaces Hazwoper EH&S Monthly and Quarterly Training Opportunities

34. Safety and Environmental Compliance at ECU QUESTIONS? Environmental Health & Safety Prospective Health 210 East Fourth Street Warren Life Sciences 328-6166 744-2070 [email protected]

35. QUIZ In order to receive credit for participating in this class you must follow this link to the quiz.

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