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REPUBLIC OF BENIN. Initial National Communication Submitted to COP8 through the UNFCCC Secretariat 23rd OCTOBER 2002. Contents of the National Communication. An Executive Summary 05 chapters Annexes. Demographic Surface area: 1l2,622 km 2 Population: 5.8 millions (1998)

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REPUBLIC OF BENIN

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Republic of benin l.jpg

REPUBLIC OF BENIN

Initial National Communication

Submitted to COP8 through the UNFCCC

Secretariat

23rd OCTOBER 2002


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Contents of the National Communication

  • An Executive Summary

  • 05 chapters

  • Annexes


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Demographic

Surface area: 1l2,622 km2

Population: 5.8 millions (1998)

Growth rate: 2.8 per year

Economic

LDC

GDP: 738.6 billionsFCFA (1998)

GDP/inhbt: 234,600FCFA

Primary sector: 38.4% in 1997,

Secondary sector: 13.7%

Thirdly sector: 48.9%

National Data


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Land use and land cover

Land cultivable: 62%

Cultivation: 8%

Reserves and protected areas: 26%

Destruction of woodlands: 100 000 ha per year

Energy

Energy consumption per year:0,28tep per inhbt

Biomass: 68%

Petroleum: 30%

Electricity: 2%

National Data


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National GHG inventory Basic year 1995

  • Covering seven gases CO2, CH4, N2O, CO, NOx NMVOC, SO2

  • sectors addressed: Energy, Agriculture, LUCF, Industry and waste


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Sectors

Absorption of GHG Gg

Emissions of GHG Gg

CO2

CO2

CH4

NO2

CO

NOx

NMVOC

SO2

Energy

---

694.89

12.003

0.1642

243.25

8.54

28.067

industrial

process

---

96.43

0.16

0.17

Agriculture

1789.14

1.964

2270.66

42.01

Land use change and forestry

62108.16

14242.75

14.81

0.10

129.61

3.68

Waste

11.0238

9.103

0,302

1.63

0.02903

0.000002

TOTAL Gg

ECO2

62108.16

15045.09

15045,09

1825.06

38326.26

2.53

784.3

2645.15

54,26

28.227

0.17


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Synthesis of GHG emissions in 1995


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Comments

  • Emissions: 54155.65 Gg de CO2;

  • Carbon absorption estimated at 62108.16Gg;

  • No projection made because CC:Train studies didn’t use the same year as base line and these studies have not covered the LUCF sector;

  • We ought to rectify this lack in the second National Communication.


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Strategies for mitigation Energy sector

  • Two sub-sectors have been targeted:

    - Sub-sector of residence

    Assistance program for the acquisition of improved hotbed and stoves

    Extension of fuelwood and gas-powered stoves.

    • Sub sector of transport

      Strict monitoring of imported vehicle fleet;

      Promotion and development of public transport

      For each option, we have identified the measures and the constraints to reach our targets


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Vulnerability and Adaptation 1

  • The climate are recently marqued with decrease of rainfalls and strength spatio-temporel variabilities

  • Methodology

    - Scenarios of climate change are elaborated, focus on temperature and rainfall ® dynamics toward 2100;

    - Simulations have been done on Magicc Scengen

    - Definition of 4 scenarii T et R


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Focus on the more important sector for the national economy

- Agriculture: is very exposed to climate change;

Estimations on the basis of CROP MODEL show the fall of harvesting 3 to 18% for all crops

Adaptation

Selection of adapted and tolerant varieties (Targeted Crops)

Promote of hydroagricultural installations.

Vulnerability and Adaptation 2


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Coastal area:

Lakes Nokoue et Aheme

High salinization of rivers;

Reduction in the fauna with appearance of new species;

Disappearance of mangrove and destruction of natural spawning grounds;

Loose of biodiversity

Adaptation

Drege and restock sand from the lacs;

Introduce new euryhalite species;

Improve the production of lakes

Promote aquaculture

Reforest banks of preclude water courses

Vulnerability and Adaptation 3


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Shoreline

1954 to 1995: 50 m of retreating

Disappearance of villages and parts of cities;

Estimations outcome a retreat of 50 m for 2025 and 100 m for the year 2050 if no protective sea-wall is envisaged

Adaptation

Constuction of groyes;

Building of protective sea-walls brought closer together

Construction of break waters

Sand sucking

Vulnerability and Adaptation 4


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National efforts towards the prevention of CC

  • Benin has become aware of the stakes linked to development and environment.

  • Many plans, programs, projects and studies have been elaborated;

  • Identification of 4 adaptation projects in the NC:

    - GHG mitigation

    - Mitigation of GHG through the fostering of public transport

    - Benin coastal protection

    - Study of the functioning of low grounds in the sudanese zones of North-Benin


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N.C.: challenge

Development of National CC Network

Learning by doing experiences;

Expertise

Collect of a lot of Data

Sensibilisation of stakeholders

Problems

- Lack of data and Information

- Low level of national expertise

- Use of approximative data

- Lack of regional emissions factors

- Lack of usefull model for V&A studies

Conclusion


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Recommandations

  • Strengthen National capacities by training in university level

  • Elaborate a data base on CC in LDCs

  • Make more efforts in translation of documents

  • Elaborate specific emission factors

  • Make significant efforts to help developing countries to implement the articles 4.1 and 12.1 of UNFCCC.


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