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Recreational SCUBA Diving. Presented by Shaun Sykes. Topics of Discussion. SCUBA – Its meaning and history Equipment How to dive/types of dives After you learn, what then? Health and safety Dive sites and statistics Summary. What Does it Mean? History?.

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Recreational scuba diving l.jpg

Recreational SCUBA Diving

Presented by Shaun Sykes


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Topics of Discussion

  • SCUBA – Its meaning and history

  • Equipment

  • How to dive/types of dives

  • After you learn, what then?

  • Health and safety

  • Dive sites and statistics

  • Summary


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What Does it Mean? History?

  • SCUBA – Self Contained Underwater Breathing Aparatus

  • Long history dating back from 332 BC

  • Modern fins, mask and snorkel tubes were developed by fishermen from America, Russia, France and England in the 1920s and 1930s


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History continued

  • Recreational SCUBA Diving began between 1942 - 1943, after Emile Gagnan and Captain Hacques –Yves Cousteau developed the self-contained “Aqua-Lung” and new regulator that was automatic.

  • Cousteau took many successful, experimental dives with his friends, wife and two sons, making this an experimental family trip and experience.


Equipment l.jpg

Mask- Device covering eyes and nose, allowing you to see underwater

Fins – Device put on the feet to extend the kicking motion underwater.

Equipment


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BCD or BC – ( underwaterBuoyancy compensator device) Device/jacket that controls buoyancy up or down

Regulator – Device that delivers air to you on demand at reduced pressure

Equipment continued


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Pressure gauge – underwater(SPG- Submersible Pressure Gauge) Device that tells diver how much air they have left

Weights – Lead weights used to weigh down divers for depth decent

Equipment continued


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Snorkel – Device used to breath air close to or on the surface of the water

Body suit – Warm temperature suit that protects the body against abrasions and stings

Equipment continued


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Wet suit – Insulated suit used to keep the body temperature in

Dry suit – Used to keep the diver dry and warm in colder temperatures

Equipment continued


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Equipment continued temperature in


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Temperature temperature in

High 80s

80º - 90º F

75º - 80ºF

70º - 80ºF

50º - 70ºF

Below 50ºF

What to wear

A Lycra body suit, a shorty, or a dive jacket (the top of a two-piece suit)

A shorty, a dive jacket, or a full-length, one-piece, 3mm wet suit

A 3mm one-piece jumpsuit, or a two-piece wet suit

A 5mm full-length wetsuit, a two-piece wetsuit, or a dry suit with light weight insulating garments

A 7mm full-length two-piece wetsuit with gloves and hood, or a dry suit with insulating garments

A dry suit with insulating garments, hood, gloves or mitts, and possibly face mask

Recommended diving apparel


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Types of dives – Boat, shore, pier temperature in

How to enter the water – if on shore, walk into the water without fins, then put them on in the water

- If entering rough water, put fins on and walk in backwards

If on a boat or pier

Giant Stride

Backward roll

Controlled Seated entry

Group entry

How to dive/types of dives


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How to dive/types of dives continued temperature in

  • Decent

  • Travel under water

  • Hand signals

  • Ascent

    Other types of dives –

  • Seawater, Freshwater, Wreck, Cave, Night, Drift and Ice


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Pre-open water certification – Open Water Certified temperature in

Non – professional certification – Advanced SCUBA diver and Master SCUBA diver

Professional – Divemaster, Skin-diving instructor, assistant instructor and Instructor

Specialties open to recreational divers – Underwater photography or videography, wreck diving, night diving, boat diving, ice diving, cavern diving, dry suit diving, Nitrox diving, search and recovery, career diver, etc.

After You Learn, then what?Levels of Specifications


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How soon to fly after diving – old vs. new philisophy temperature in

DCS – Epidermal or cutaneous, muscular, joint and limb pain and neuroligical

Hypothermia

Hyperthermia

Cramps

Overexertion

Nitrogen Narcosis

Overexertion

Nitrogen Narcosis

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Gastrointestinal barotrauma

Heart problems

Ear infections

Nosebleeds

Breathing problems

Dehydration

Diving while pregnant

Health and Safety – the hazards of diving


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Worldwide: Papua, New Guines, Egyption Red Sea, Galapagos Islands, Equador, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, The Maldives, India, Great White Wall, Fiji, Bunhaken Island, Indonesia, Blue Corner, Palau and the Caribbean

United States: The Hawaiian Islands, Florida Keys, Catalina Island, California and many oceans, rivers, lakes and quarrys

Dive sites


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Statistics Islands, Equador, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, The Maldives, India, Great White Wall, Fiji, Bunhaken Island, Indonesia, Blue Corner, Palau and the Caribbean

  • 8.5 million certified SCUBA divers in the U.S., and 14.5 to 15.5 million divers worldwide

  • Top 6 states for SCUBA certification: Florida, California, Hawaii, Texas, Illinois and New York


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Summary Islands, Equador, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, The Maldives, India, Great White Wall, Fiji, Bunhaken Island, Indonesia, Blue Corner, Palau and the Caribbean

  • SCUBA – Its meaning and history

  • Equipment

  • How to dive/types of dives

  • After you learn, what then?

  • Dive sites and statistics

  • Health and safety


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Web sites for SCUBA access, research and resources Islands, Equador, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, The Maldives, India, Great White Wall, Fiji, Bunhaken Island, Indonesia, Blue Corner, Palau and the Caribbean

  • PADI (Professional Association of Diving Instructors)-http://www.padi.com

  • DAN (Divers Alert Network) - http://www.diversalertnetwork.org

  • NAUI (National Association of Underwater Instructors)-http://www.naui.com

  • The Ultimate SCUBA source - http://www.scubasearch.com

  • About SCUBA diving -http://scuba.about.com

  • Joe Diver America -http://www.joediveramerica.com


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