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Public Land Policy Resource Exploitation 1865-1890 Goal--encouraged the settlement of the land Means-- Privatization Homestead Act of 1862 1872 mining law Efficiency Movement 1890-1920 Bureau of Forestry- G. Pinchot Taylor Grazing Act of 1934  Gospel of Efficiency

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Resource exploitation 1865 1890 l.jpg
Resource Exploitation 1865-1890

Goal--encouraged the settlement

of the land

Means-- Privatization

Homestead Act of 1862

1872 mining law


Efficiency movement 1890 1920 l.jpg
Efficiency Movement 1890-1920

Bureau of Forestry- G. Pinchot

Taylor Grazing Act of 1934

 Gospel of Efficiency

 “Conservation is the greatest good for the greatest # of people for the longest time”



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Preservation Movement

-Creation of National Park System,

Antiquities Act, Fish and Wildlife Service


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  • "The man should have youth and strength who seeks adventure in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

    • Theodore Roosevelt


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Big Questions in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

  • What is land good for?

  • Who makes the decision?

  • How to balance competing values?

  • Role of public sector?

  • Role of private sector

  • Role of science/values


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Public Lands in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

  • Administered by different agencies

    • National Park Service (NPS)

    • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)

    • Bureau of Land Management (BLM) in Interior

    • Forest Service (FS) Agriculture

  • Different mission

  • 29% of US land

  • 92% of lands are in 12 western states


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National Park Service in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

  • Most restrictive limits on usage

  • 77 million acres

  • Diverse categories of units

    • National Parks

    • National Preserves

    • National Monuments

    • Misc


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National Parks in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."


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National Preserves in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

Big Cypress

Tallgrass Prairie

Bering Land Bridge

Aniakchak Caldera


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National Monuments in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

Canyon de Chelly


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Pt. Reyes National Seashore in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

Saratoga National Battlefield


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Recreation Conflict in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."


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National Wildlife Refuge System in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

  • Managed by Fish and Wildlife Service

  • Responsibilities include

    • 93 million acres in 512 national wildlife refuges,

    • 198 waterfowl production areas,

    • 50 wildlife coordination areas

    • 114 other sites

  • Mission- conserve and enhance fish and wildlife and their habitats


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Bureau of Land Management in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

  • Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA)

  • "multiple use"

    • "management of the public lands and their various resource values so that they are utilized in the combination that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people."


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Multiple (!) Users in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."


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Mining development and energy production in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world."

leasing of Federal oil and gas and geothermal minerals

maintaining mining claims or sites

Oil shale development

Livestock grazing

Resource Utilization


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hunting resources, helium, solid minerals, coal, wind power, solar power, and minerals

fishing

camping

hiking

horseback riding

boating

white water rafting

hang gliding

off-highway vehicle and pleasure driving

mountain biking

birding and wildlife viewing

winter sports

climbing

visiting natural and cultural heritage sites

Recreation


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Bureau of Land Management resources, helium, solid minerals, coal, wind power, solar power, and mineralsNational Management Strategy for Motorized Off-Highway Vehicle Use

Bureau of Land ManagementNational Management Strategy for Motorized Off-Highway Vehicle Use

Bureau of Land ManagementNational Management Strategy for Motorized Off-Highway Vehicle Use


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California Desert resources, helium, solid minerals, coal, wind power, solar power, and minerals


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Wilderness Areas resources, helium, solid minerals, coal, wind power, solar power, and minerals

  • Managed by BLM, NFS, NPS, & FWS

  • Designated by Congress

    • “an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain…”

  • Designation criteria

    • imprint of man’s work substantially unnoticeable

    • outstanding opportunities for solitude

    • may contain ecological, geological, other features

  • Use

    • Commercial activities prohibited

    • Primitive recreation only


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Roan Plateau, CO resources, helium, solid minerals, coal, wind power, solar power, and minerals

.


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National Forest Service resources, helium, solid minerals, coal, wind power, solar power, and minerals

  • Motto: Caring for the Land and Serving People

  • area similar to Texas - 8% of U.S. land mass

  • Early mission: protect forest reserves from unrestrained logging

  • Multiple Use

    • Recreation vs. Timber production


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Overview resources, helium, solid minerals, coal, wind power, solar power, and minerals

  • BLM & NFS big 2

    • 60%+ public lands

    • Multiple Use criteria

    • Politically controversial


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