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Teenage Brain Dr. Cherie Major [email protected] http://www.members.tripod.com/cheriemajor Educational Implications Based on the Frontline Video Inside the Teenage Brain Lobes and Basic Functions Nerve Cell Development Chemical trail Migration Branch, prune and myelin

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Teenage brain dr cherie major cmajor@uidaho edu http www members tripod com cheriemajor l.jpg

Teenage Brain Dr. Cherie [email protected]://www.members.tripod.com/cheriemajor

Educational Implications

Based on the Frontline Video

Inside the Teenage Brain




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Development

  • Chemical trail

  • Migration

  • Branch, prune and myelin

  • Vulnerable to environment



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Inside the Teenage BrainFrontline Part I

  • Rapid Frontal Lobe Development > 9-25 years

    • Proliferation and pruning > experiences lead to pathways developed > use it or lose it

    • Executive director

    • Organization problems

    • Don’t think about or worry about consequences

    • Drugs have a higher impact

    • Regulates mood (hormones and mood)

      • high risk most vulnerable

      • more access to things that harm

        Implications:


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EmotionsFrontline Part II

  • Teens process information in different regions of the brain than an adults

    • emotions – don’t assume they understand what you say or read emotions the same

      Implications:


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CerebellumFrontline Part III

  • Cerebellum coordinates movement and thinking

  • Thinking and memory are enhanced with complex motor tasks like exercise/dance/sports/cheers etc.

  • Implications:


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SleepFrontline Part IV

  • Sleep deprivation affects mood and performance - 9 1/4 hours

    Implications:


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RelationshipsFrontline Part V

  • Teens yearn for parents/teachers time – don’t want to ask - want to be noticed

    Implications:


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Memory

Sensory memory taste/smell/sounds/touch/sight

Working memory

Rehearsal

Long-term memory


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Rehearsal

Visual/Sound/Write/Talk

Relate to prior experience or real life

(What is this like?)

Create complex motor task

Teach

Review: minutes/hours/day/ weekly/month (rotate order- first/middle/last)

Interdisciplinary Curriculum (interference)



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Enriched Environment

Larger frontal lobes

Higher metabolic rate

More glial cells


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Classroom Environment

Stimulating artifacts/manipulatives/simulations

Positive = motivation

Negative = avoid

Social interaction and application vs passive instruction

High emotion enhances memory

funny/sad stories/excitement


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Positive Emotions and Immune Functions

  • Viewing humorous tapes

  • Increased viral antibodies in saliva

  • Using humor as a coping strategy for stress has long term positive effect on immune system

  • Kathleen Dillon


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Test Anxiety

  • Sympathetic system for fight or flight (anxiety)

    • Blood Flow to Mid-Brain

  • Adrenaline/heart rate/blood to extremities

  • Para sympathetic system – reverse

  • Reduce Test Anxiety

  • Endorphins - exercise

  • 1st answer easy

  • answer known questions first

  • cheat sheet (small review card)

  • 5 minutes to look up answers



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Spelling Research

  • Reading is recognition Spelling is recall

  • Types –phonetically inaccurate/accurate

  • PA – Temporal Lobe /Auditory Trace

  • 1/3 French & English

  • Italian & Spanish ½ the rate

  • Visualize – spell backwards

  • Provide visual cues – don’t look up


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Females

Verbal abilities

Receptive language

Productive language

Analogies

Comprehension

Fluency

Creative writing

Males

Visual-spatial

Directions & shapes

Mental rotation

Maze & maps

Geometry & Math

Aiming and tracking

Physically aggressive

Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities


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Male/FemalePerformance





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Websites for Brain Researchhttp://web.sfn.orgSociety for Neurosciencehttp://www.epub.org.br/cm Brain and Mind


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