JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS
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JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS Donald L. Trussell Office of Safety / Loss Control Mgt. Definition of JSA. Job safety analysis (JSA) is a process which involves: Careful study and recording of each step of a job Identifying potential or existing job hazards

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JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS

Donald L. Trussell

Office of Safety / Loss Control Mgt.


Definition of JSA

  • Job safety analysis (JSA) is a process which involves:

  • Careful study and recording of each step of

  • a job

  • Identifying potential or existing job hazards

  • generated by equipment or employee actions

  • Determining most efficient way to reduce or

  • eliminate hazards


JSA’s:

  • Make jobs safer and less likely to result in injury

  • Eliminate unsafe acts and unsafe conditions

  • Can be performed on any job task


  • JSA Background

  • Don’t confuse a JSA with the OSHA required Job Hazard Assessment (JHA)

  • JSA is a tool to perform the JHA

  • JSA’s will make the workplace safer

  • Training aid


  • Four Essential Elements of a JSA

  • Select job for analysis

  • Break the job down into steps

  • Identify hazards and unsafe behaviors

  • Corrective Action - identify the correct/safe way to perform the job

JSA’s


Selecting Jobs for Analysis

Ultimately all jobs

1. First jobs with highest rates of accidents

or greatest potential for injuries

2. Develop a critical job inventory

3. New jobs

4. Changes in process and procedures

Involve all employees


HAZARD CHECKLIST

It is important when conducting a Job Safety Analysis, that you evaluate equipment, procedures and personnel.

Procedures

Personnel

Equipment


A job is a single, separate,

specific component of the

employee’s overall duties.


Break Job Into Steps

A step is a single activity that clearly

advances a work assignment and is

a logical portion of that assignment.


Steps From Actions

1. Observe the job from start to finish

several times

2. Separate the job into distinctive steps

3. Sequentially list the actions needed to

complete every step of the job


Identify Hazards

  • Existing or potential hazards

  • examples: jewelry

  • employee posture/balance

  • environmental hazards

  • sharp edges

  • potential of being caught in between

  • Review and update as needed, at least annually


Corrective Action

  • Questions

  • Means of prevention and control of hazards

  • Write a standard job procedure

  • Review update


Struck By (SB)

Caught On (CO)

Fall To Below (FB)

Struck Against (SA)

Caught In (CI)

Overexertion

Contacted By (CB)

Caught Between (CBT)

Exposure (E)

Contact With (CW)

Fall - Same Level (FS)

*Codes for Potential Hazards:


Struck By (SB)

Caught On (CO)

Fall To Below (FB)

Struck Against (SA)

Caught In (CI)

Overexertion

Contacted By (CB)

Caught Between (CBT)

Exposure (E)

Contact With (CW)

Fall - Same Level (FS)

*Codes for Potential Hazards:


JSA Based on Following Principles

  • A job can be analyzed for hazards in a systematic way

  • A specific job can be separated into a

    series of relatively simple steps

  • Hazards associated with each step

    can be identified

  • Solutions can be developed to control

    each hazard


Reasons to do a JSA

  • Identify hazards and ergonomic risks

  • Eliminate hazards

  • Cut costs and keep people on the job

  • Increase agency productivity

  • Increase employee comfort

  • Comply with ADA

  • Limit agency liability

  • Makes good business sense

  • Reduces accidents and close calls

  • Provides education and training


Benefits of JSA

  • Allows combination of two or more processes

  • or procedures into a streamlined core

  • Establishes good communication - supervisor -

  • employee - bureaucrats

  • Reduces prep time for training employees

  • Increases productivity due to safer workplace


Benefits Continued

  • Results in fewer injuries

  • Standardizes work procedures

  • Serves as performance measurement tool

  • Identify problem before implementation of

  • changes rather than after


When to revise a JHA?

  • If the equipment sustains any damage

  • After a close call

  • Employee complaint

  • When a job is altered

  • When an injury or accident occurs

  • During an scheduled review


Quiz

  • A ______ is a single, separate, specific component of an employee’s overall duties.

  • When conducting a JSA, it is important to evaluate the equipment, __________, and personnel.

  • While conducting a JSA, observe the employee doing the job from start to finish _______ times.

  • JSA’s provide employees with education and _________.

  • What are some of the benefits in conducting a JSA?

job

procedures

several

training



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