No animals allowed on school grounds a discussion of how rules and laws are written and interpreted
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No Animals Allowed on School Grounds: A discussion of how rules and laws are written and interpreted. TM. What is a law?. TM. How are Rules Similar to Laws?. TM. Examples of Laws. Section 790.169, Florida Statutes:

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No Animals Allowed on School Grounds: A discussion of how rules and laws are written and interpreted

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Examples of Laws

Section 790.169, Florida Statutes:

“A law enforcement agency may release for publication the name and address of a child who has been convicted of any offense involving possession of a firearm.”

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Examples of Laws

Section 806.101, Florida Statutes:

“Whoever, without reasonable cause, by outcry or the ringing of bells, or otherwise, makes or circulates, or causes to be made or circulated, a false alarm of fire, shall for the first conviction be guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.”

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Example of a Rule/ Ordinance

Section 15-83, Tampa Code of Ordinances:

“It is unlawful to deposit or cause to be deposited in any parking meter any slug, device, metallic or other substitute for a coin of the United States of America or to make any attempt thereof to defraud the city.”

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What is the Supreme Law of the Land?

The United States Constitution

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What does this mean?

The Constitution delineates the powers of each branch of government.

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The Three Branches of Government

  • The Legislative Branch makes the laws

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The Three Branches of Government

  • The Executive Branch executes the laws

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The Three Branches of Government

  • The Judicial Branch interprets the laws

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What else does “Supreme Law of the Land” mean?

Laws enacted by the legislative branch cannot conflict with the United States Constitution.

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If conflict exists, the law will be invalid

as unconstitutional.

X

VS.

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Consider the following proposed new rule for your school:

No Animals are Allowed on School Grounds

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Ask yourself:

  • What is the rule intended to accomplish?

  • Will the rule create a better school?

  • Will the rule keep students safe?

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Ask yourself:

  • Is the rule reasonable?

  • Is it clear and easy to follow?

  • What should be the penalty for disobeying the rule?

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Ask yourself:

  • Is the rule fair?

  • Can the rule be applied to everyone equally?

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  • Break into groups of five. You will serve as judges.

  • Read each of the following factual patterns. Discuss and decide:

    • Does the fact pattern violate the rule?

    • How does the rule apply in each fact pattern?

    • If the pattern violates the rule, what discipline would you impose if you were the principal?

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Fact pattern #1:

A teacher would like to bring in mice for a classroom science project. The mice will be kept in a cage.

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Fact pattern #2:

A parent walks her child to school each morning with the family dog on a leash. They walk onto school grounds to ensure that the child arrives safely.

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Fact pattern #3:

A visually impaired student brings her companion dog to school to help her move from class to class.

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Fact pattern #4:

A student brings a stuffed animal to school for show and tell.

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Fact pattern #5:

A police dog enters campus with a police officer to investigate a crime.

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Fact pattern #6:

A student brings a frog to school in his lunch box to scare other students.

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Fact pattern #7:

A hungry, abandoned dog wanders on campus and a student feeds him leftovers from the cafeteria.

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No Animals are Allowed on School Grounds

What do you think of this rule?

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Review the questions asked earlier:

  • What is the rule intended to accomplish?

  • Will the rule create a better school?

  • Will the rule keep students safe?

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Here is your opportunity:

  • Rewrite the rule so that it is:

    • fair and reasonable

    • clear and easy to understand

  • Post the rules around the room and discuss

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Consider:

What would life be like in a school, city, or country without rules?

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