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Nile Delta. Case Study - Landform: How does it affect people? How do people affect it? How is it Managed?. Location: Where is it? Egypt Mouth of Nile Mediterranean Sea North of Cairo. What is it Like? Fan or arcuate shape Flat and low lying land Small salty lagoon / lakes

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Nile delta

Nile Delta

Case Study - Landform:

How does it affect people?

How do people affect it?

How is it Managed?


Location: Where is it?

Egypt

Mouth of Nile

Mediterranean Sea

North of Cairo


What is it Like?

Fan or arcuate shape

Flat and low lying land

Small salty lagoon / lakes

River splits into distibutaries

Swampy marshes


How was it made?

Made of silt (alluvium)

Weak tides mean the silt is not washed away

The delta gradually build up and out to sea

Inland parts become drier

Distributaries spread to the edges


How did the DELTA landform affect people’s activities?

Fertile farmland

Every year the river flooded so crops could grow

Every year more silt deposited

The land stayed fertile



But Canopus, along with other cities on the stretch of coast where five branches of the Nile once met the Mediterranean sea, has long since been lost -- drowned by seismic activity coupled with a neglect of sea defences.


The silt could be made into mud bricks for building where five branches of the Nile once met the Mediterranean sea, has long since been lost --


How have people affected the DELTA (landform)? where five branches of the Nile once met the Mediterranean sea, has long since been lost --

1970 Aswan Dam built

River no longer floods and

silt no longer deposited


The river used to deposit 120 million tonnes of silt onto the delta each year.

Now it is only 50 million tonnes because the rest is trapped at the Aswan Dam.




In the next 50 years, Egypt’s coastal zone, home to more than 40 percent of the population, stands to be severely damaged by

flooding,

groundwater salinity and

erosion

resulting from rising sea levels associated with Global Warming.


Such a rise could potentially create as many as 14 million internally displaced persons

With about 40 percent of all Egyptian industry located within the delta area


How is it being managed? internally displaced persons

In the fishing village of El-Burg there is an enormous cement levee which was built six years ago to save the village from being sucked into the sea.

The delta is sinking at 5mms per year.



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