Lamoid restraint and physical exam
Download
1 / 30

Lamoid Restraint and - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 429 Views
  • Uploaded on

Lamoid Restraint and Physical Exam. Kevin Kristick Pierrette Danieu. Introduction. Classification Domestication Distribution Basic Description Physiology Uses Vaccination Schedule Proper handling Restraint Techniques Physical examination. Classification of Lamoids. Class: Mammalia

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Lamoid Restraint and ' - Rita


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Lamoid restraint and physical exam l.jpg

Lamoid Restraint and Physical Exam

Kevin Kristick

Pierrette Danieu


Introduction l.jpg
Introduction

  • Classification

  • Domestication

  • Distribution

  • Basic Description

  • Physiology

  • Uses

  • Vaccination Schedule

  • Proper handling

  • Restraint Techniques

  • Physical examination


Classification of lamoids l.jpg
Classification of Lamoids

  • Class: Mammalia

    • Order: Artiodactyla

      • Suborder: Tylopoda- camelids

        • Old World Genera and species:

          • Camelus dromedarius

          • Camelus bactrianus

        • New World Genera and species: (Lamoid)

          • Lama glama-Llama

          • Lama pacos- Alpaca

          • Lama guanicoe- Guanaco

          • Vicugna vicugna- Vicuna

      • Sub order: Ruminantia- cattle, sheep, goats, giraffe, etc.


Evolution and domestication l.jpg
Evolution and Domestication

  • First migrated to South America ~3 million years ago

  • Llamas and alpacas have been domesticated for 7,000 years; no wild incidence

  • Guanacos and Vicunas are wild



Physical description l.jpg
Physical Description

  • Life span: 15-25 years

  • Weight:

    • Alpaca: 121-200lbs

    • Llama: 250-550 lbs

  • Height at withers:

    • Alpaca: 30-38 in

    • Llama: 40-47 in

  • Gestation period: 341 days

  • Birth: a single offspring called a cria


Physiology l.jpg
Physiology

  • Foregut fermenters

    • Regurgitation

    • Re-chewing

    • Re-swallowing

  • Stomach has three compartments = resistant to bloat

  • Efficient in extracting protein and energy from poor quality forages


Vicuna l.jpg
Vicuna

  • Wild

  • Subspecies:

    • Peruvian

    • Argentine

  • Smallest Lamoid-weighs under 90 lbs and stands under 3 ft at the shoulder

  • Finest fiber quality of all lamoids

  • Uses a broad range of habitat for grazing and browsing


Guanaco l.jpg
Guanaco

  • Wild

  • Many subspecies

  • High quality inner coat

  • Juvenile pelts are used for garments

  • Uses a broad range of habitat for grazing and browsing


Alpaca l.jpg
Alpaca

  • Exists only as domesticated species

  • Breeds:

    • Huacaya

    • Suri

  • Excellent fiber quality

  • Prefers to graze succulent forage in marshes and moist places


Llama l.jpg
Llama

  • Exists only as domesticated species

  • South American breeds:

    • Heavy neck fiber:

      • Chaku

      • Lanuda

      • Tapada

    • Short neck fiber:

      • Ccara

      • Pelada

  • Inner coat makes excellent garments

  • Grazes dry, harsh grass species


Uses alpacas l.jpg
Uses: Alpacas

  • Premier fiber producing animal

  • Harvested for meat

  • Leather used to make ropes

  • Pelts of crias make fine rugs

  • North American Alpacas serve as show and companion animals


Uses llamas l.jpg
Uses: Llamas

  • Long history of supplying Andean people with meat, leather and fiber

  • Serve as sacrificial animals

  • North American Llamas fill numerous niches:

    • Breeding/showing

    • Companion animals

    • Packing

    • Guard Llamas

    • Golf caddy


Lamoid vaccination schedule l.jpg
Lamoid Vaccination Schedule

  • Crias:

    • 3 mo- CD&T, ± Rabies

    • 4 mo- ± Rabies

  • Annual Herd:

    • CD & T

    • 2 mo- Clostridium perfringens type C, D and tetanus (CD&T)

    • ± Rabies

    • ± Lepto. Repeat q 6 mo.

  • New Animals:

    • Initial series: CD&T, Lepto, Rabies

    • Booster all in one month

  • Prebirthing Boosters:

    • CD&T

    • 4-6 weeks prior to anticipated birth


Handling l.jpg
Handling

  • Avoid Eye Contact

  • Place a Halter and Lead Rope

  • Use Your Surroundings

  • Less is Best!


Handling16 l.jpg
Handling

  • Monitor Body Posture

    • Ear Position

    • Tail Position


Handling17 l.jpg
Handling

  • Stand Near the Shoulder to Avoid Kicking

  • Do Not Work Alone

  • Avoid Spitting

    • Ears Laid Back

    • Gulping/Gurgling Sound


Restraint l.jpg
Restraint

  • Neck and Tail Hold

    • Similar to sheep

    • Approach slowly

    • Place one arm around base of neck

    • Firmly grasp tail with other hand

    • Difficult in larger animals


Restraint19 l.jpg
Restraint

  • “Earing”

    • Similar to “earing” a horse

    • Gain owner approval

    • Squeeze firmly

    • Caution: Natural instinctive movement is away from the grasping


Restraint20 l.jpg
Restraint

  • “Chukkering”

    • Places animal in recumbency by restricting the hind legs


Restraint21 l.jpg
Restraint

  • Chutes or Stocks

    • Commercially available

    • Easy to construct

    • “Fowler” chute


Restraint22 l.jpg
Restraint

  • Neonates

    • Neck and Tail Hold

    • Proper Lifting

    • Lateral Recumbency

    • Sternal Recumbency (kush position)


Physical exam l.jpg
Physical Exam

  • Normals:

    • Temp: 99.5-102 F

    • Pulse: 60-90

    • Resp: 10-30

    • Gastric Motility: 3-5 contractions/min


Physical exam24 l.jpg
Physical Exam

  • Heart and Lung Auscultation

    • Reach through fleece

    • At the elbow

    • Caudal to triceps


Physical exam25 l.jpg
Physical Exam

  • Assessing Body Condition

    • Dorsal spinal muscles at T8 to L2

    • Triangular = Thin

    • Round = Healthy

    • Flat = Overweight


Physical exam26 l.jpg
Physical Exam

  • Assessing the Eye

    A: Eyelid Margins

    B: Third Eyelid

    C: Bulbar Conjunctiva

    D: Iris

    E: Pronounced Dark Pupillary Margins (corpora nigrum)

    F: Ocular Fundus


Physical exam27 l.jpg
Physical Exam

  • Assessing the Ears

    • Difficult to assess

    • Facial paralysis seen with infections (Listeria monocytogenes)


Physical exam28 l.jpg
Physical Exam

  • Assessing the Mouth

    • Inability to open wide prevents good exam

    • Check incisor teeth for under or over bite

    • Modified canine teeth present, called Fighting teeth (up to 3 pair)


Physical exam29 l.jpg
Physical Exam

  • Blood Collection

    • Difficult due to protective barriers

    • Jugular venipuncture is best

    • Blind stick, can not feel or see jugular groove in most animals


References l.jpg
References

  • Fowler, Murray E. DVM, Medicine and Surgery of South American Camelids 2nd ed., Iowa Sate University Press, 1998

  • www.purdyvet.com

  • A special thanks to Dr. Pam Walker

  • Another thanks to Dr. Stephen Purdy


ad