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Introduction to Ornithology. CVM 6880 Avian Core. Birds of the World. Conspicuous and wide spread Relationships with humans symbolism, messengers objects of art, study, sport agricultural uses Versatility, diversity, flight and song Environmental indicators . Birds and Humans.

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Introduction to Ornithology

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Introduction toOrnithology

CVM 6880

Avian Core


Birds of the World

  • Conspicuous and wide spread

  • Relationships with humans

    • symbolism, messengers

    • objects of art, study, sport

    • agricultural uses

  • Versatility, diversity, flight and song

  • Environmental indicators


Birds and Humans

  • Domestic poultry

  • Companion birds

  • Collections of birds (aviaries)

  • Zoological collections

  • Conservation efforts

  • Wildlife rehabilitation

  • Sporting activities - falconry, racing pigeons


Good News/Bad NewsBird Diversity

  • Good news

    • Exciting areas of study

      • form,

      • function,

      • diets, etc

  • Bad news

    • Challenges re. care of the birds and their diverse (and perhaps unknown) needs


Ornithology

  • Science pertaining to birds

    • Phylogeny

      • Evolutionary relationships

      • Construct classification or orderly arrangement

    • Taxonomy

      • Science of naming and classifying birds


Taxonomy

  • Class Aves - contains all species of birds

  • Order (“formes”)

  • Family (“idae”)

  • Genus - groups of similar species

  • Species

    • approximately 9000 species


Birds and Veterinary Care

  • Ratites

  • Domestic poultry

    • Fowl-like birds (chickens, etc)

    • Waterfowl

  • Companion birds

  • Doves and pigeons

  • Raptors


SuperOrders and Orders

  • Palaeognathae - “Ancient” birds (Ratites)

    • 4 orders

  • Neognathe - Modern (all other birds)

    • Galliformes (chickens)

    • Anseriformes(waterfowl)

    • Psittaciformes(parrots)

    • Passeriformes (song or perching birds)

    • Columbiformes (pigeons)

    • Falconiformes (hawks, falcons)

    • Strigiformes (owls)


Rehiformes/Rehidae

Rheas

Struthioniformes/Strut-hionidaie

Ostriches

Casuariiformes/Dromi-ceidae

Emus

Characteritics

ancient

flightless

reduced wing bones

sternum without keel

long necked

strong legs

RatitesSuperorder Palaeognaths


Order - Galliformes

Fowl-like birds

Families

Phasiandidae

Numididae

Characteristics

Med/Lrg size

Short wings

Terrestrial

Limited flying ability

Well developed keel

Muscular gizzard

Large ceca

Domestic Poultry


Breeds of Poultry

For Images and Description:

http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/poultry


Domestic PoultryGalliformes/Phasianidae

  • World wide distribution

    • chickens, turkeys, pheasants, quail

  • Chickens - jungle fowl (Gallus gallus)

    • Meat and egg type

    • Exhibition

  • Turkeys - Wild (Meleagris galloparvo)

    • Domestic - Large White


Domestic PoultryGalliformes/Numididae

  • Guinea fowl

    • Africa origination

    • Domesticated (Numida meleagris)


Order - Anseriformes

Waterfowl

Families

Anatidae

Characteristics

Assoc. with water

Dense waterproof plumage

Webbed feet

Short legs

Flattened blunt tip bill

Domestic Poultry


Domestic PoultryAnseriformes/Anatidae

  • Subfamily - Anserini

    • Swans and geese

  • Subfamily - Anatini

    • Ducks - dabbling ducks - ancestors of domestic ducks

    • Domestic ducks

      • Pekins

      • Muscovies

      • Indian Runners


Order - Psittaciformes

Families

Psittacidae

Cacutuidae

Loriidae

Characteristics

Small -med size

Stout hooked bills

Fleshy tongue

Gregarious

Vocal

Use bill and feet for feeding and climbing

Companion Birds


Parrots

short tailed

large beaked

stocky in body type

Large Parrots

African grey

Amazon

Small Parrots

Lovebirds

Parakeets

Long tailed

Parakeets

Budgerigar

Cockatiels

Conures

Companion BirdsPsittaciformes/Psittacidae


AFRICAN GRAY


AMAZON

Double Yellow Head

Lilac crowned

Red Spectacled


Eclectus


LOVEBIRDS


PARROTLET


BUDGIES


COCKATIEL


Macaws

long tails

large beaks

strong

potentially destructive

Hyacinth (100 cm)

Noble (30 cm)

Companion BirdsPsittaciformes/Psittacidae


Blue Gold Macaw


MACAW

Hyacinth Macaw

Illiger’s Macaw

Green-winged Macaw


Cockatoos

med to lrg size

white feathers

erectile crest

Sulfur crested

Moluccan

Companion BirdsPsittaciformes/ Cacutuidae


Lesser Sulfur Crested Cockatoo


COCKATOO

Umbrella Cockatoo

Black Palm Cockatoo


Lorries & Lorikeets

Size

Brush tipped tongue

Brilliant colors

Companion BirdsPsittaciformes/Loriidae


Order - Passeriformes

Families

Estrildidae

Waxbills

Fringillidae

Canary

Sturnidae

Mynahs

Starlings

Characteristics

Perching or song birds

One-half of all species

Small size

Terrestrial

Increased MR

Companion Birds


FINCHES

Zebra Finch

Gouldian Finch


CANARIES


Order - Piciformes

Families

Ramphastidae

Hornbills - Toucans

Characteristics

Large brightly colored bills

Fruits/insects

Neotropical - forest

Nests in tree cavities

Companion Birds


Order - Columbiformes

Family- Columbidae

~ 300 species

Rock Dove

Homing pigeon

Characterisitics

small-large plump body

small heads

large crop

pigeon’s milk

Doves and Pigeons


Order Falconiformes

Families (5)

Accipitridae (hawks)

Falconidae (falcons)

Characteristics

Carnivores

Short strong hooked bills

Sharp curved talons

Females larger than males

RaptorsBirds of Prey


Order Strigiformes

Families (2)

Tytonidae (Barn-owls)

Strigidae (Owls)

Characteristics

Carnivores

Nocturnal

Large rounded heads

Ears shaped - sound location

Long hooked bills

Soft plumage - silent flight

RaptorsBirds of Prey


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