Creating Common Assessments
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Creating Common Assessments

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Why talk about assessment?.
Creating Common Assessments

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1. Creating Common Assessments Submitted by Lynee Tourdot

2. Why talk about assessment?

3. ?You can enhance or destroy students? desire to succeed in school more quickly and permanently through your use of assessment than with any other tools? Rick Stiggins, ETS

4. What makes a difference at the classroom level? The teacher (assessment being a big part of what makes a good teacher) Milwaukee Reading Study Several studies with same socioeconomic population; one teacher 27% pass state test, another 72% (Marzano, 2003) 5 years of above-average teaching in a row could eliminate the achievement gap (Kain&Hanushek, in Haycock, 2005) Site thisSite this

5. At your table, share an assessment experience that either happened to you or someone close to you (good or bad) Point at the person with the best story.Point at the person with the best story.

6. Objectives for Today Overview of Assessments Formative, Summative, Common and Pre-Assessment Brief Intro to Marzano?s 6 Vocab Steps ELL, Low Readers (High Readers) What is a Common Assessment? How to create a Common Assessment

7. Quick Review of Assessment Terms: (Use some of the Marzano Strategies) Pre-Assessment Formative Assessment Feedback Summative Assessment Common Assessment Essential Learning

8. Side Note Marzano?6 Steps to Teaching Vocabulary (so students will remember) Provide description or explanation (not definition) Have students restate in their own words Have students construct a picture, symbol or graphic representation of the term Engage students in activities to help them add to their knowledge of the terms Involve students in games to help them remember the terms.* Use your vocabulary sheet, List of six steps, Use your vocabulary sheet, List of six steps,

9. Pre-Assessments How do I get into the mind of the student to figure out what they already know about what I am going to teach?

10. Pre-Assessments How do we use pre-assessments? Given to all students Used to adjust instruction based on what students know.

11. Pre-Assessments Examples: Small Group discussion based on a question ?What do you think caused the Civil War?? A Pre-test Try this problem: 2?+3? A KWL What do you Know?, Want to Know? (What you learned comes later) List everything you know about training within your heart rate. What questions do you have about training within your heart rate?

12. Fill out Vocabulary Sheet Pre-Assessment Description in your own words Picture to remind you of the meaning What are some Pre-Assessments that you use, or could use for the unit/topic you are working on?

13. Formative Assessments Like a Medical Checkup

14. Formative Assessments Other Names for Formative Assessment Assessment FOR Learning Ongoing Assessments

15. Formative Assessments Some examples COULD BE: (if used for giving feedback and adjusting instruction) Guided practice, or homework** exit slips using a white board to assess understanding quizzes thumbs up, sideways or down think alouds feedback given for revision on assignments, etc. These do NOT have to be graded. They are assessments given throughout the unit to determine the level of understanding about what has been taught. Quote from Darling Hammond Book about how effective formative assessments are.They are assessments given throughout the unit to determine the level of understanding about what has been taught. Quote from Darling Hammond Book about how effective formative assessments are.

16. Formative Assessments How are they used? Adjust instruction Address misconceptions or misunderstandings Give feedback

17. Effective Feedback and Monitoring Progress What is effective feedback? Helps student to make improvements Makes the student think Is specific?rather than ?good job? ?Practice does not make perfect unless it provides the opportunity for feedback? (Darling-Hammond, 2005) English teacher I taught with gave very specific feedback?she wrote many of her own papers over the yearsEnglish teacher I taught with gave very specific feedback?she wrote many of her own papers over the years

18. Kinds of feedback: Israel -264 grade 6 students in 12 classes in 4 schools; analysis of 132 students at the top and bottom of each class -Same teaching, same aim, same teachers, same coursework -Three kinds of feedback: scores, comments, scores and comments Feedback Gain Attitude Scores none top-positive bottom-negative Comments 30% all?positive What do you think happened for the students who were given BOTH scores and comments by the teacher?

19. Feedback Gain Attitude Scores none top-positive bottom-negative Comments 30% all?positive What do you think happened for the students who were given both scores and comments by the teacher? Gain: 30% Attitude: All positive Gain: 30% Attitude: top?positive, bottom?negative Gain: 0% Attitude: All?positive Gain: 0% Attitude: top?positive, bottom?negative Something else. ETS, 2005, from Butler (1988) British Journal of Educational Psychology, 58, 1-14 The answer is "D" 0% gain in achievement with both feedback and scores because students look at the scores and disregard the feedback.The answer is "D" 0% gain in achievement with both feedback and scores because students look at the scores and disregard the feedback.

20. Formative Assessments William (1998) found that focused efforts to improve formative assessments produced learning gains greater than one-half standard deviation, which would be equivalent to raising the score of an average student from the 50th percentile (average) to the 85th percentile. In other words, formative assessment, effectively implemented, can do as much or more to improve student achievement than any of the most powerful instructional interventions, intensive reading instruction, one-on-one tutoring, and the like. (as cited in Darling-Hammond, 2005)

21. Fill out Vocabulary Sheet Formative Assessment Description in your own words Picture to remind you of the meaning Feedback Description in your own words Picture to remind you of the meaning What are some Formative Assessments that you use, or could use for the unit/topic you are working on?

22. Summative Assessments: Like an Autopsy

23. Summative Assessments: Other Names for Summative Assessment Assessment OF Learning Final exam, final project, final assessment

24. Summative Assessments: How are they used? End of the unit/topic, or at an end point within the unit or topic. Feedback for the next time you teach it?not usually going back to re-teach. Make sure the assessment matches your ESSENTIAL Learning What do you really want kids to learn? Book tests don?t often do this.

25. Summative Assessments Types of Summative Assessment: Final Written Exams/Tests (but they don?t all have to be like this!) Open-ended questions (see Kathie Nunley?s book on Layered Curriculum) Projects Choice of activities or projects, etc. Debate Role-play a scenario (SEPUP Science) Multi-genre research

26. Fill out Vocabulary Sheet Summative Assessment Description in your own words Picture to remind you of the meaning What are some Summative Assessments that you use, or could use for the unit/topic you are working on?

27. Why do we need assessments to be ?common??

28. Answer these questions in your group: Pre-Assessment What are common assessments? How are they different from giving the same test at the end of the unit (summative assessment)? (Choose a person to report out from your group)

29. Common Assessments

30. Common Assessments Description Can be formative or summative Based on Essential Learning Used for grade level or content teams to look at student work, check for understanding, and share instructional strategies to improve student learning (So much more than the end of unit book test!) Give example of 6+1 Trait RubricGive example of 6+1 Trait Rubric

31. Let?s try it?

32. Fill out Vocabulary Sheet Common Assessment Description in your own words Picture to remind you of the meaning What is a Common Assessment that you use, or could use for the unit/topic you are working on?

33. So why are Common Assessments Important?

34. Choose One--What has the biggest impact on student achievement at a school-wide level? (Marzano Research) 1. Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum 2. High Expectations of Student Achievement 3. Effective Feedback and Monitoring Progress

35. The Answer: #1?Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum* #2--High Expectations of Student Achievement AND #2 Effective Feedback and Monitoring Progress* *(Related to Common Assessments)

36. What is a Guaranteed Curriculum? Opportunity to Learn (Guaranteed to be taught) Intended Curriculum (standards/curric. maps) Implemented Curriculum (actually taught) Think about this: Who can guarantee me that they teach what they are supposed to teach? Can you guarantee me you teach the same thing that someone else who teaches the same topic, given the same curriculum would teach? Do you all know what each other thinks is the most important/essential to learn? Write down the top 3 things you teach.Think about this: Who can guarantee me that they teach what they are supposed to teach? Can you guarantee me you teach the same thing that someone else who teaches the same topic, given the same curriculum would teach? Do you all know what each other thinks is the most important/essential to learn? Write down the top 3 things you teach.

37. What are some ways to make sure intended curriculum is taught? Make sure essential learning is clearly identified Use the same assessments Grade student work together to clearly identify desired outcomes Have frequent discussions about instruction related to student results

38. What is a Viable Curriculum? Viable Curriculum Identify the Essential Learning ?.if we taught all of the standards it would take more than 22 years?.

39. Essential Learning What do you really want students to know and be able to do? What would you want them to remember about the unit 5 years from now? Example: Civil War: What is most essential to remember? Dates, Times, Battles? or Causes of Conflict leading to the Civil War?

40. Within your group? Think about the unit/topic that you brought with you today Without discussion? Write down the 3 most ?essential learnings? that should be taught in that unit/topic. Did you agree?Did you agree?

41. Share the three priorities in your group Try to come to an agreement in your group on the three ?essential learnings? Record them on the top of the Learning Plan Sheet

42. Fill out Vocabulary Sheet Essential Learning Description in your own words Picture to remind you of the meaning What is the Essential Learning for the unit/topic you are working on?

43. Review of Vocabulary Pick a partner at your table One of you sit with your back to the front

44. Pre-Assessment Feedback Summative Assessment Essential Learning Common Assessment Formative Assessment

45. Choose one of the Essential Learnings (Summative Assessment)*VIDEO Discuss in your group You are all done teaching that essential learning?. What will it look like when a student understands that essential learning? How will the essential learning be assessed?* Examples? Try one together? Then in your group? You may only come up with one part of the final exam here. Eiffel Tower ExampleYou may only come up with one part of the final exam here. Eiffel Tower Example

46. In what ways can I check for understanding along the way? (Formative Assessment) What are the natural check points? How will I assess understanding of the essential learning while teaching the unit? What type of assessment makes sense? You will do other formative assessments that are not Common Assessments

47. Steps to Creating a Common Assessment Team Process: Determine the Essential Learning for the unit you will be teaching Determine the BEST way to assess the Essential Learning Determine the criterion for the assessment How will students be given the criterion? It should be NO SECRET Use the Assessment to Refine, Rework, Revise and Re-teach Meet as a group to assess student work

48. Other Thoughts? Backward Design (Understanding by Design) Take Small Steps Get students involved Show SAMPLES! Collaborate on Student Assessments!


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