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Creating Common Assessments. Submitted by Lynee Tourdot. Why talk about assessment?. “You can enhance or destroy students’ desire to succeed in school more quickly and permanently through your use of assessment than with any other tools” Rick Stiggins , ETS.

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creating common assessments

Creating Common Assessments

Submitted by LyneeTourdot

slide3
“You can enhance or destroy students’ desire to succeed in school more quickly and permanently through your use of assessment than with any other tools”
  • Rick Stiggins, ETS
what makes a difference at the classroom level
What makes a difference at the classroom level?

The teacher (assessment being a big part of what makes a good teacher)

  • Milwaukee Reading Study
  • Several studies with same socioeconomic population; one teacher 27% pass state test, another 72% (Marzano, 2003)
  • 5 years of above-average teaching in a row could eliminate the achievement gap (Kain&Hanushek, in Haycock, 2005)
slide5
At your table, share an assessment experience that either happened to you or someone close to you (good or bad)
objectives for today
Objectives for Today
  • Overview of Assessments
    • Formative, Summative, Common and Pre-Assessment
    • Brief Intro to Marzano’s 6 Vocab Steps

ELL, Low Readers (High Readers)

  • What is a Common Assessment?
    • How to create a Common Assessment
quick review of assessment terms
Quick Review of Assessment Terms:
  • (Use some of the Marzano Strategies)
  • Pre-Assessment
  • Formative Assessment
  • Feedback
  • Summative Assessment
  • Common Assessment
  • Essential Learning
slide8
Side Note
    • Marzano—6 Steps to Teaching Vocabulary (so students will remember)
      • Provide description or explanation (not definition)
      • Have students restate in their own words
      • Have students construct a picture, symbol or graphic representation of the term
      • Engage students in activities to help them add to their knowledge of the terms
      • Involve students in games to help them remember the terms.*
pre assessments
Pre-Assessments
  • How do I get into the mind of the student to figure out what they already know about what I am going to teach?
pre assessments1
Pre-Assessments

How do we use pre-assessments?

  • Given to all students
  • Used to adjust instruction based on what students know.
pre assessments2
Pre-Assessments

Examples:

  • Small Group discussion based on a question
    • “What do you think caused the Civil War?”
  • A Pre-test
    • Try this problem: 2½+3¾
  • A KWL
    • What do you Know?, Want to Know? (What you learned comes later)
  • List everything you know about training within your heart rate. What questions do you have about training within your heart rate?
fill out vocabulary sheet
Fill out Vocabulary Sheet
  • Pre-Assessment
    • Description in your own words
    • Picture to remind you of the meaning

What are some Pre-Assessments that you use, or could use for the unit/topic you are working on?

formative assessments
Formative Assessments

Like a

Medical Checkup

formative assessments1
Formative Assessments

Other Names for Formative Assessment

  • Assessment FOR Learning
  • Ongoing Assessments
formative assessments2
Formative Assessments

Some examples COULD BE: (if used for giving feedback and adjusting instruction)

  • Guided practice, or homework**
  • exit slips
  • using a white board to assess understanding
  • quizzes
  • thumbs up, sideways or down
  • think alouds
  • feedback given for revision on assignments, etc.
  • These do NOT have to be graded.
formative assessments3
Formative Assessments

How are they used?

  • Adjust instruction
  • Address misconceptions or misunderstandings
  • Give feedback
effective feedback and monitoring progress
Effective Feedback and Monitoring Progress
  • What is effective feedback?
    • Helps student to make improvements
    • Makes the student think
    • Is specific—rather than “good job”

“Practice does not make perfect unless it provides the opportunity for feedback” (Darling-Hammond, 2005)

slide18
FeedbackGainAttitude

Scores none top-positive

bottom-negative

Comments 30% all—positive

What do you think happened for the students who were given BOTH scores and comments by the teacher?

Kinds of feedback: Israel-264 grade 6 students in 12 classes in 4 schools; analysis of 132 students at the top and bottom of each class-Same teaching, same aim, same teachers, same coursework-Three kinds of feedback: scores, comments, scores and comments

feedback gain attitude scores none top positive bottom negative comments 30 all positive
FeedbackGainAttitudeScores none top-positive bottom-negativeComments 30% all—positiveFeedbackGainAttitudeScores none top-positive bottom-negativeComments 30% all—positive

What do you think happened for the students who were given both scores and comments by the teacher?

  • Gain: 30% Attitude: All positive
  • Gain: 30% Attitude: top—positive, bottom—negative
  • Gain: 0% Attitude: All—positive
  • Gain: 0% Attitude: top—positive, bottom—negative
  • Something else.

ETS, 2005, from Butler (1988) British Journal of Educational Psychology, 58, 1-14

formative assessments4
Formative Assessments

William (1998) found that focused efforts to improve formative assessments produced learning gains greater than one-half standard deviation, which would be equivalent to raising the score of an average student from the 50th percentile (average) to the 85th percentile.

In other words, formative assessment, effectively implemented, can do as much or more to improve student achievement than any of the most powerful instructional interventions, intensive reading instruction, one-on-one tutoring, and the like.

(as cited in Darling-Hammond, 2005)

fill out vocabulary sheet1
Fill out Vocabulary Sheet
  • Formative Assessment
    • Description in your own words
    • Picture to remind you of the meaning
  • Feedback
    • Description in your own words
    • Picture to remind you of the meaning

What are some Formative Assessments that you use, or could use for the unit/topic you are working on?

summative assessments1
Summative Assessments:

Other Names for Summative Assessment

  • Assessment OF Learning
  • Final exam, final project, final assessment
summative assessments2
Summative Assessments:

How are they used?

  • End of the unit/topic, or at an end point within the unit or topic.
  • Feedback for the next time you teach it—not usually going back to re-teach.
  • Make sure the assessment matches your ESSENTIAL Learning
    • What do you really want kids to learn?
    • Book tests don’t often do this.
summative assessments3
Summative Assessments

Types of Summative Assessment:

  • Final Written Exams/Tests (but they don’t all have to be like this!)
  • Open-ended questions (see Kathie Nunley’s book on Layered Curriculum)
  • Projects
  • Choice of activities or projects, etc.
  • Debate
  • Role-play a scenario (SEPUP Science)
  • Multi-genre research
fill out vocabulary sheet2
Fill out Vocabulary Sheet
  • Summative Assessment
    • Description in your own words
    • Picture to remind you of the meaning

What are some Summative Assessments that you use, or could use for the unit/topic you are working on?

answer these questions in your group
Answer these questions in your group:

Pre-Assessment

  • What are common assessments?
  • How are they different from giving the same test at the end of the unit (summative assessment)?

(Choose a person to report out from your group)

common assessments1
Common Assessments

Description

  • Can be formative or summative
  • Based on Essential Learning
  • Used for grade level or content teams to look at student work, check for understanding, and share instructional strategies to improve student learning
  • (So much morethan the end of unit book test!)
fill out vocabulary sheet3
Fill out Vocabulary Sheet
  • Common Assessment
    • Description in your own words
    • Picture to remind you of the meaning

What is a Common Assessment that you use, or could use for the unit/topic you are working on?

slide34
Choose One--What has the biggest impact on student achievement at a school-wide level? (Marzano Research)

1. Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum

2. High Expectations of Student Achievement

3. Effective Feedback and Monitoring Progress

the answer
The Answer:

#1—Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum*

#2--High Expectations of Student Achievement

AND

#2 Effective Feedback and Monitoring Progress*

*(Related to Common Assessments)

what is a guaranteed curriculum
What is a Guaranteed Curriculum?
  • Opportunity to Learn (Guaranteed to be taught)
    • Intended Curriculum (standards/curric. maps)
    • Implemented Curriculum (actually taught)
what are some ways to make sure intended curriculum is taught
What are some ways to make sure intended curriculum is taught?
  • Make sure essential learning is clearly identified
  • Use the same assessments
  • Grade student work together to clearly identify desired outcomes
  • Have frequent discussions about instruction related to student results
what is a viable curriculum
What is a Viable Curriculum?
  • Viable Curriculum
    • Identify the Essential Learning
    • ….if we taught all of the standards it would take more than 22 years….
essential learning
Essential Learning
  • What do you really want students to know and be able to do?
  • What would you want them to remember about the unit 5 years from now?

Example:

Civil War: What is most essential to remember?

Dates, Times, Battles?

or Causes of Conflict leading to the Civil War?

within your group
Within your group…
  • Think about the unit/topic that you brought with you today

Without discussion…

  • Write down the 3 most “essential learnings” that should be taught in that unit/topic.
slide41
Share the three priorities in your group
  • Try to come to an agreement in your group on the three “essential learnings”
  • Record them on the top of the Learning Plan Sheet
fill out vocabulary sheet4
Fill out Vocabulary Sheet
  • Essential Learning
    • Description in your own words
    • Picture to remind you of the meaning

What is the Essential Learning for the unit/topic you are working on?

review of vocabulary
Review of Vocabulary
  • Pick a partner at your table
  • One of you sit with your back to the front
slide44
Pre-Assessment
  • Feedback
  • Summative Assessment
  • Essential Learning
  • Common Assessment
  • Formative Assessment
choose one of the essential learnings
Choose one of the Essential Learnings

(Summative Assessment)*VIDEO

  • Discuss in your group

You are all done teaching that

essential learning….

    • What will it look like when a student

understands that essential learning?

    • How will the essential learning

be assessed?* Examples…

Try one together…

Then in your group…

in what ways can i check for understanding along the way
In what ways can I check for understanding along the way?
  • (Formative Assessment)
  • What are the natural check points?
  • How will I assess understanding of the essential learning while teaching the unit?
  • What type of assessment makes sense?
  • You will do other formative assessments that are not Common Assessments
steps to creating a common assessment
Steps to Creating a Common Assessment

Team Process:

  • Determine the Essential Learning for the unit you will be teaching
  • Determine the BEST way to assess the Essential Learning
  • Determine the criterion for the assessment
  • How will students be given the criterion? It should be NO SECRET
  • Use the Assessment to Refine, Rework, Revise and Re-teach
  • Meet as a group to assess student work
other thoughts
Other Thoughts…
  • Backward Design (Understanding by Design)
  • Take Small Steps
  • Get students involved
  • Show SAMPLES!
  • Collaborate on Student Assessments!
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