Categorizing and Indexing Community-Based Resources. Douglas Troy, Miami University Resource Data Center. Emphasis on the local community.
Douglas Troy, Miami University Resource Data Center
Governments alone cannot achieve significant, sustainable risk reduction: Greater emphasis must be placed on local approaches (Turoff et al., 2003; Benson et al., 2001).
disaster preparedness (CBDP)
CBDP = Local capacity building that leverages knowledge and capabilities of local community resources:
Used by NGOs and gov’t agencies
Many emergency response organizations use printed resource directories of community resources:
A database of community resources is a critical component for CBDP (Turoff et al., 2003):
Miami University and American Red Cross study of a database to support CBDP:
Prototype funded by Microsoft and Miami, supported by Cincy and Dayton Red Cross
Greater Cincinnati/ Hamilton EMA
Development and testing funded by NIH/NLM, supported by Red Cross national
(Licensed from AIRS/211 LA County)
Our study identified approximately 800 resource categories (including 700 bottom-level categories) to support community-based disaster preparedness and response.
Our pilot database has approximately 6,000 records with 11,000 indices.
The following is a high-level overview of the categories identified.
Allen, K. M. (2006) Community-based disaster preparedness and climate adaptation: local capacity building in the Philippines: Disasters 30(1): 81-101.
Arnold, J. L., B. N. Levin, R. Manmatha, F. Lee, P. Shenoy, M. C. Tsai, T. K. Ibrahim, D. J. O’Brien, D. A. Walsh (2004) Information-Sharing in Out-Of-Hospital Disaster Response: The Future Role of Information Technology, Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 19(3): 201-207.
Basolo, V., L. Steinberg, S. Gant (2006) E-Government and the Preparation of Citizens for Disasters, Proceedings of the 2006 National Conference on Digital Government Research, San Diego, CA: 255-256.
Benson, C., J. Twigg, M. Myers (2001) NGO Initiatives in Risk Reduction: An Overview, Disasters 25(3): 199-215.
Turoff, M., M. Chumer, B. Van del Walle, X. Yao (2003) The Design of a Dynamic Emergency Response Management Information System (DERMIS). Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application 5(4): 1-36.