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Adverbs of CONTRAST. Contrast (karşıt, tersi,çelişmek) Opposition (karşıtlık, zıtlık) Unexpected results (beklenmeyen sonuçlar). Adverbs of CONTRAST. Altough In spite of Despite However Whereas. Adverbs of CONRTAST. Although + cümle. Hava güzel . (cümle) Rağmen (although)

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adverbs of contrast

Adverbs of CONTRAST

Contrast(karşıt, tersi,çelişmek)

Opposition(karşıtlık, zıtlık)

Unexpected results(beklenmeyen sonuçlar)

adverbs of contrast2
Adverbs of CONTRAST
  • Altough
  • In spite of
  • Despite
  • However
  • Whereas

Adverbs of CONRTAST

although c mle
Although + cümle

Hava güzel. (cümle)

Rağmen(although)

Hava güzel olmasınarağmen, …..

Havanın güzel olmasına rağmen, …

although c mle4
Although + cümle
  • Ali aç değil.(cümle) Ali is not hungry.
  • Rağmen(although) Although
  • Ali aç olmamasınarağmen, …
  • AlthoughAli is not hungry, …
adverbs of contrast5
Adverbs of CONTRAST
  • Although: -e/a rağmen, -dığı halde, ise de, olmakla beraber
  • He is rich.
  • O zengindir.
  • Althoughhe is rich,
  • Zengin olmasınarağmen,
slide6
He is rich.
  • He doesn’t spend his money.(although)

Although

he is rich,

he doesn’t spend his money.

  • Althoughhe is rich,he doesn’t spend his money.
although c mle7
Although + cümle
  • He is old.(cümle)
  • O yaşlıdır.
  • Althoughhe is old,
  • Yaşlı olmasına rağmen,
although e a ra men d halde ise de olmakla beraber
Although: -e/a rağmen, -dığı halde, ise de, olmakla beraber
  • He is old.
  • He still works.(although)

Although

he is old,

he still works.

  • Althoughhe is old,he still works.
slide9
She is an intelligent student.
  • O zeki bir öğrencidir.
  • Althoughshe is an intelligent student,
  • Zeki bir öğrenci olmasınarağmen,
slide10
She is an intelligent student.
  • She is not good at English.(although)

Although

she is an intelligent student,

she is not good at English.

Although she is an intelligent student,she is not good at English.

slide11
I have a headache.
  • Başım ağrıyor.

AlthoughI have a headache,

Başım ağrıyor olmasınarağmen,

slide12
I have a headache.
  • I will finish my homework.(although)

Although

I have a headache,

I will finish my homework.

  • AlthoughI have a headache, I will finish my homework.
slide13
The traffic was bad.
  • Trafik kötüydü.

Althoughthe traffic was bad,

Trafik kötü olmasınarağmen,

slide14
The traffic was bad.
  • I arrived on time.(although)

Although

the traffic was bad,

I arrived on time.

  • Although the traffic was bad,I arrived on time.
  • I arrived on time althoughthe traffic was bad.
slide15
He is old.
  • O yaşlıdır.
  • Althoughhe is old,
  • Yaşlı olmasınarağmen,
slide16
He is old.
  • He can run fast.(although)

Although

he is old,

He can run fast.

  • Although he is old,he can run fast.
slide17
He doesn’t study much.
  • O çok çalışmaz.
  • Althoughhe doesn’t study much,
  • Çok çalışmamasına rağmen,
slide18
He doesn’t study much.
  • He gets good marks.(although)

Although

he doesn’t study much,

he gets good marks.

  • Althoughhe doesn’t study much,he gets good marks.
slide19
He smokes 40 cigarettes a day.
  • Bir günde kırk sigara içer.
  • Althoughhe smokes 40 cigarettes a day,
  • Bir günde kırk sigara içmesinerağmen,
slide20
He smokes 40 cigarettes a day.
  • He is very fit. (Although)

Although

he smokes 40 cigarettes a day,

he is very fit.

  • Althoughhe smokes 40 cigarettes a day, he is very fit.
slide21
It rained a lot.
  • Çok yağmur yağDI.
  • Although it rained a lot,
  • Çok yağmur yağmış olmasınarağmen,
slide22
It rained a lot.
  • They enjoyed themselves.(although)

Although

Although it rained a lot,

they enjoyed themselves.

  • Although it rained a lot, they enjoyed themselves.
slide23
My father eats a lot.
  • Babam çok yemek yer.
  • Althoughmy father eats a lot,
  • Babam çok yemek yemesine rağmen,
slide24
My father eats a lot.
  • He is not overweight (fat).

Although

Althoughmy father eats a lot,

he is not overweight.

  • Althoughmy father eats a lot,he is not overweight.
slide25
I got up late.
  • Geç kalktım.
  • AlthoughI got up late,
  • Geç kalkmamarağmen,
slide26
I got up late.
  • I cought the bus. (although)

Although

I got up late,

I cought the bus.

  • AlthoughI got up late,I cought the bus.
  • I cought the busalthough I got up late.
slide27
it was raining.
  • they went on a picnic.(although)

Although

it was raining,

they went on a picnic.

  • Althoughit was raining,they went on a picnic.
  • They went on a picnicalthoughit was raining.
slide28
The music was quiet.

Müzik sakindi (sessizdi).

Althoughthe music was quiet,

Müzik sessiz olmasına rağmen,

The neighbours complained.

Komşular şikayet etti.

slide29
The music was quiet.
  • The neighbours complained.(although)

Although

The music was quiet,

The neighbours complained.

  • Althoughthe music was quiet,the neighbours complained.
  • The neighbours complainedalthoughthe music was quiet.
in spite of despite
In spite of / Despite
  • In spite of: -e rağmen, -e karşın

In spite of + isim

  • Rain: yağmur

In spite ofthe rain:

yağmurArağmen

in spite of despite31
In spite of / Despite
  • In spite of: -e rağmen, -e karşın

In spite of + isim

  • The price: fiyat

In spite ofthe priece:

fiyatın Arağmen

in spite of despite32
In spite of / Despite
  • In spite of: -e rağmen, -e karşın

In spite of + isim

  • The traffic: trafik

In spite ofthe traffic:

trafiğerağmen

in spite of despite33
In spite of / Despite
  • In spite of: -e rağmen, -e karşın

In spite of + isim

  • The salary: maaş, ücret

In spite ofthe salary:

maaşarağmen

slide34
In spite of: -e rağmen
  • My headache: benim baş ağrıM
  • In spite ofmy headache,
  • In spite ofmy headache,I studied.
  • I studiedin spite ofmy headache.
slide35
In spite of: -e/-a rağmen
  • The cold weather: soğuk hava
  • In spite ofthe cold weather,
  • In spite ofthe cold weather,she went out.
  • She went outin spite ofthe cold weather.
slide36
In spite of: -e/-a rağmen
  • His age: onun yaşı
  • In spite ofhis age,
  • In spite ofhis age,he still works.
  • He still worksin spite ofhis age.
e x e r c i s e
E X E R C I S E
  • The weather was badBUTwe went out.

In spite of + isim

  • In spite of THE BAD WEATHER,
  • In spite of the bad weather, we went out.
  • We went out in spite ofthe bad weather.
slide38
Tim was sad, yet he smiled.

In spite of + isim (Verb +ing)

In spite ofTimwas sad, in spite of +(cümle ‘s+v+o’ gelmez.)

In spite ofbe+ing

In spite ofbeing sad,

In spite ofHIS being sad,

In spite of being sad, he smiled.

He smiledin spite of (his) being sad.

slide39
They were late butthey didn’t hurry.
  • In spite of + isim
  • In spite oftheywere late.
  • In spiteof their
  • In spıte of their be+ing
  • In spite of their being late,they didn’t hurry.
  • They didn’t hurryin spite of (their) being late.
slide40
I like footballbutI don’t have time to play it.
  • In spite of + noun (isim)
  • In spite ofI like football,
  • In spite ofmy
  • In spite ofmy LIKE+ing football,
  • In spite ofmy liking football,
  • In spite ofmy liking football,I don’t have time to play it.
  • I don’t have time to play footballin spite ofmy liking it.
slide41
The music was quiet.
  • The neighbours complained.(in spite of)
  • In spite of + noun (isim)
  • In spite ofthe music was quiet,
  • In spite of the music’swas quiet,
  • In spite of its was quiet,
  • In spite of its being quiet,
  • In spite ofthe music’s being quiet, the neighbours complained.
  • In spite of its being quiet, the neighbours complained.
slide42
Although she is only seven,she plays the violin very well.

In spite of + noun

In spite of she is only seven,

In spite of her is only seven,

In spite of her being only seven,

In spite ofher being only seven,she plays the violin very well.

slide43
Althoughhe is very old, he looks very fit.
  • In spite of + noun (isim)

in spite of

his age

He looks very fit

He looks very fitin spite of his age.

In spite of his age,he looks very fit.

slide44
He went to the gymalthoughhe had a broken leg.
  • althoughhe had a broken leg,he went to the gym. (in spite of)

He went to the gym

in spite of

his broken leg.

He went to the gymin spite ofhis broken leg.

In spite ofhis broken leg,he went to the gym.

slide45
Althoughshe can’t swim, =
  • Although she IS NOT ABLE TOswim,
  • She survived for almost an hour in the sea.
  • (in spite of)
  • In spite of
  • not being able toswim,
  • she survived for almost an hour in the sea.
  • She survived for almost an hour in the sea

in spite ofnot being able to swim.

slide46
He has got no experience.
  • He was considered for the position.(although/in spite of)

Although

he has got NO experience,

he was considered for the position.

  • He was considered for the positionalthoughhe has got NO experience.

In spite of

his lack of experience,

he was considered for the position.

He was considered for the positionIn spite of his lack of experience.

slide47
He has got no experience.
  • He was considered for the position.(in spite of/ DESPITE )

In spite of

his lack of experience,

he was considered for the position.

  • Despitehis lack of experience,he was considered for the position.
slide48
He looks very fitin spite ofhis age
  • (although)

although

he\'s very old.

He looks very fit

  • He looks very fitalthoughhe\'s very old.
  • Althoughhe is very old, he looks very fit.
slide49
He went to the gym.
  • He had a broken leg.(in spite of / ALTHOUGH)

in spite of

his broken leg.

he went to the gym.

  • He went to the gymin spite ofhis broken leg.

although

he had a broken leg

he went to the gym

  • He went to the gymalthoughhe had a broken leg.
slide50
In spite ofnot being able to swim,she survived for almost an hour in the sea.(although)
  • He can’t swim. = He isn’t able to swim.
  • He couldn’t swim. = He wasn’t able to swim.

Although

she wasn’t able to swim,

she survived for almost an hour in the sea.

  • Althoughhe wasn’t able to swim,she survived for almost an hour in the sea.
slide51
yet
  • We went out.
  • It was cold. (yet)
  • We went out,
  • yetit was cold.
  • We went out, yet it was cold.
slide52
yet
  • I studied.
  • I had a headache.
  • I studied,
  • yetI had a headache.
  • I studied, yet I had a headache.
slide53
yet
  • She doesn’t enjoy Chemistry.
  • She studies it. (yet)
  • She doesn’t enjoy chemistry,
  • yetshe studies it.
  • She doesn’t enjoy chemistry, yetshe studies it.
slide54
yet
  • She went out.
  • Her father didn’t let her go out.
  • She went out,
  • yether father didn’t let her go out.
  • She went out, yet her father didn’t let her go out.
slide55
but
  • They were late.
  • They didn’t hurry.(but)
  • They were late
  • but
  • they didn’t hurry.
  • They were latebutthey didn’t hurry.
slide56
but
  • The weather was cold.
  • I went out.
  • The weather was cold
  • but
  • I went out.
  • The weather was coldbutI went out.
slide57
but
  • We didn’t play well.
  • We won the match.(but)
  • We didn’t play well
  • but
  • we won the match.
  • We didn’t play wellbutwe won the match.
slide58
but
  • They have a lot of money.
  • They never spend it.(but)
  • They have a lot of money
  • but
  • they never spend it.
  • They have a lot of moneybutthey never spend it.
slide59
but
  • He is clever.
  • His sister is stupid.(but)
  • He is clever
  • but
  • his sister is stupid.
  • He is cleverbuthis sister is stupid.
slide60
but
  • It was raining.
  • I didn’t take my umbrella.(but)
  • It was raining
  • but
  • I didn’t take my umbrella.
  • It was rainingbut I didn’t take my umbrella.
however
, however
  • It was rainingbutI didn’t take my umbrella.
  • (however)
  • It was raining,
  • however
  • I didn’t take my umbrella.
  • It was raining, howeverI didn’t take my umbrella.
however62
, however
  • He is cleverbut his sister is stupid.
  • (however)
  • He is clever,
  • however
  • His sister is stupid.
  • He is clever, howeverhis sister is stupid.
however63
, however
  • They have a lot of moneybutthey never spend it.
  • They have a lot of money,
  • however
  • They never spend it.
  • They have a lot of money, howeverthey never spend it.
however64
, however
  • We didn’t play wellbutwe won the match.
  • We didn’t play well,
  • however
  • we won the match.
  • We didn’t play well, howeverwe won the match.
whereas ba la oysa halbuki mademki artlara g re dayanarak
Whereas(bağlaç) oysa, halbuki; mademki; şartlara göre, dayanarak

I am short.

He is tall.(whereas) while on the contrary

I am shortwhereashe is tall.

Benim kısaolmamakarşılıko uzun.

Whereas he is tall,I am short.

whereas ba la oysa halbuki mademki artlara g re dayanarak66
Whereas(bağlaç) oysa, halbuki; mademki; şartlara göre, dayanarak
  • Sarah is kind.
  • Lisa is cold-blooded.(whereas)
  • Sarah is kind,
  • whereas
  • Lisa is cold-blooded.
  • Sarah is kind,whereasLisa is cold-blooded.
slide67
Why some cancers cured by chemotherapy alone.
  • others are unaffected by drugs. (whereas)
  • Why some cancers cured by chemotherapy alone,
  • whereas
  • others are unaffected by drugs.
  • Why some cancers cured by chemotherapy alone, whereasothers are unaffected by drugs.
slide68
I understand what situation he is in.
  • I can’t help him.(whereas)

Whereas

I understand what situation he is in,

I can’t help him.

  • WhereasI understand what situation he is in,
  • I can’t help him.
slide69
They like living in town.
  • We would rather live in the country. (whereas)

They like living in town,

whereas

we would rather live in the country.

  • They like living in town, whereaswe would rather live in the country.
slide70
Dilek loves playing tennis.
  • Samed prefers golf.(whereas)

Whereas

Dilek loves playing tennis,

Samed prefers golf.

  • WhereasDilek loves playing tennis,Samed prefers golf.
  • Samed prefers golfwhereasDilek loves playing tennis.
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