Why Do We Punish???. Dr. Matthew Robinson CJ 3532, Injustice in America Appalachian State University. Main Reasons to Punish. Retribution Deterrence Incapacitation Rehabilitation (also Restoration). There are at least two meanings:
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Dr. Matthew Robinson
CJ 3532, Injustice in America
Appalachian State University
1) emotional response aimed at getting even (vengeance or “just desserts”)
2) rational response aimed at righting a wrong (retribution or “justice”)
The first is private but the second is public
The first is not justified by law but the second is justified
The first entails the offender being paid back by the victim but the second entails the offender paying back society
The first is only a natural emotion rooted in our biology but the second is also about socializationRetribution
1) Special (or specific) Deterrence aimed at creating fear in the offender by punishment so that he or she will not commit another crime
2) General Deterrence aimed at creating fear in all members of society by sending a message through punishment of an offender so that we will not commit crimesDeterrence
Extra police in “hot spots”
Monitor high risk offendersWhich forms of incapacitation work?