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Data Source Overview of the Study

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Data Source


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Overview of the Study

Gambling questions were added to the statewide survey “Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Abuse Among Delaware Students” in 1999. This survey is administered annually to all Delaware public school students in the 5th, 8th and 11th grades. All eligible schools participated. The survey is administered from January through June as an anonymous classroom administration by trained personnel from the University of Delaware. Although student participation is voluntary, few students refuse or are denied access to the survey by their parents, who have the opportunity to refuse for them.


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Sample Description

  • 97% of the 5th grade enrollment

  • 84% of the 8th grade enrollment

  • 74% of the 11th grade enrollment.

  • Public Schools Only--80% of School Population

  • No Self-Contained Special Education, Alterative or Special Schools

  • Significant attrition rates--explains the relatively high percentage high-risk behaviors in 8th grade than in 11th grade and age of onset for alcohol and other drugs is higher for 11th grade


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FIFTH GRADE

(N= 7,248)

EIGHTH GRADE

(N=6,753)

ELEVENTH GRADE

(N=4,880)

The sample is representative of the state’s youth population:

GENDER (%)

Males

Females

51

49

51

49

49

51

ETHNICITY (%)

White

Black

Latino

Other

46

30

8

16*

61

27

6

7

67

24

4

5

COUNTY (Ns)

New Castle

Kent

Sussex

4437

1497

1314

3934

1495

1324

2435

944

911


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Sample and Gambling Question

The sample consisted of 6,753 Delaware public school 8th graders and 4,880 Delaware public School 11th graders.

Information on gambling is derived from the following two questions:

1 ) How often have you gambled (bet) for money or possessions?

1) Never

2) Before, but not in past year

3) A few times in past year

4) Once or twice a month

5) Once or twice a week

6) Almost every day

Lifetime gambling was created from responses 2 thru 6 above.

Past year gambling was created from responses 3 thru 6 above.

Past month gambling was created from responses 4 thru 6 above

Never gambled was created from response number 1 above.


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2) Second Gambling Question (Grid)

  • The second question consisted of a grid in which students were asked how often during the past 12 months they did each of the following:

  • Gambled at a casino

  • Played the lottery or scratch-off tickets

  • Bet on team sports

  • Played cards for money

  • Bet money on horse races

  • Played bingo for money or prizes

  • Gambled on the Internet

  • Bet on dice games such as craps

  • Bet on games of personal skill such as pool,darts or bowling

  • Response categories were:1) Never

    • 2) Before, but not in past year

    • 3) A few times in past year

    • 4) Once or twice a month

    • 5) Once or twice a week

    • 6) Almost every day


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Other illegal drugs include prescription downers and stimulants, inhalants, hallucinogens, crack, cocaine, and heroin


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Other illegal drugs include prescription downers and stimulants, inhalants, hallucinogens, crack, cocaine, and heroin


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Summary of Findings-8th Grade

  • In 2002:

    • almost 1/3 of Delaware 8th graders gambled

    • 43% of 8th grade boys and 19% of 8th grade girls gambled

  • Delaware 8th graders that gambled in 2002 were:

    • over 50% more likely to drink alcohol

    • more than twice as likely to binge drink

    • more than 3 times as likely to use marijuana

    • 3 times as likely to use other illegal drugs

    • almost 3 times as likely to get in trouble with the police

    • 3 times as likely to be involved in a gang fight

    • almost 3 times as likely to steal or shoplift


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Summary of Findings-11th Grade

  • In 2002:

    • more than 1/4 of Delaware 11th graders gambled

    • 45% of 11th grade boys and 12% of 11th grade girls gambled

  • Delaware 11th graders that gambled in 2002 were

    • 25% more likely to drink alcohol

    • twice as likely to binge drink

    • 33% more likely to use marijuana

    • almost twice as likely to use other illegal drugs

    • more than 3 times as likely to be involved in a gang fight

    • almost 4 times as likely to get in trouble with the police

    • almost 3 times as likely to steal or shoplift


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