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The U. S. Coast Guard Maritime Strategy for Homeland Security. Captain Dan Deputy Chief of Cutter Forces, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters. National Security Strategy. Strengthen alliances to defeat global terrorism and work to prevent attacks on us and our friends

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The U. S. Coast Guard Maritime Strategy for Homeland Security

Captain Dan Deputy

Chief of Cutter Forces, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters


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National Security Strategy Security

  • Strengthen alliances to defeat global terrorism and work to prevent attacks on us and our friends

  • Work with others to defuse regional conflicts

  • Prevent our enemies from threatening us, our allies, and our friends with WMD

  • Transform America’s national security institutions

“Defending our Nation against its enemies is the first and fundamental commitment of the Federal Government. Today, that task has changed dramatically.”

—National Security Strategy


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National Strategy for SecurityHomeland Security

  • Prevent terrorist attacks within U.S.

  • Reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism

  • Minimize danger &

  • Recover from attacks

"The attacks of September 11 and the catastrophic loss of life and property that resulted have redefined the mission of federal, state and local law enforcement authorities.  ...  Effective reorienting law enforcement organizations to focus on counterterrorism objectives requires decisive action in a number of areas.”

—National Strategy for Homeland Security


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MHLS Guiding Principals Security

  • USCG — lead federal agency for maritime homeland security

  • DOD — supporting agency for maritime homeland security

  • For homeland defense, USCG and DOD roles reverse

  • Shared responsibilities among all agencies

  • Unprecedented information sharing

  • Operations — threat-focused and IAW rule of law

  • Forces — leverage current assets; acquire new resources; and partner with public and private stakeholders

“We will disrupt and destroy terrorist organizations by: defending the United States, the American people, and our interests at home by identifying and destroying the threat before it reaches our borders.” –National Security Strategy


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Homeland Security vs. SecurityHomeland Defense

  • Homeland Security (National):Concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within U.S., reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, minimize damage and recover from attacks that do occur.

  • Homeland Security (DOD):Preparation for, prevention of, deterrence of, preemption of, defense against, and response to threats and aggression directed toward U.S. infrastructure, as well as crisis management, consequence management, and other domestic civil support.

  • Homeland Defense (DOD):Protection of U.S. territory, sovereignty, domestic population, and critical infrastructure against external threats and aggression.


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Maritime HLS to HLD Continuum Security

HLS (DOJ/USCG)

Law Enforcement Use of Force 95%

HLD (DOD/Navy/USCG)

DOD Rules of Engagement 5%

Weapons to Destroy Declared Hostile

Missiles/Guns Disabling Fire

Small Arms Disabling Fire

HLD

Mission

Enforcement Continuum

Consequences

Warning Shots

Shouldering

Foul Propellers, Use Fire Hoses

Visual & Electronic Commands

Coordination for transition from HLS to HLD requires POTUS/SECDEF direction

Right of Approach Questions

Threat


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Coast Guard’s SecurityHomeland Security Mission Statement

“Protect the U.S. Maritime Domain and the U.S. Marine Transportation System and deny their use and exploitation by terrorists as a means for attacks on

U.S. territory, population, and critical infrastructure. Prepare for and, in the event of attack, conduct emergency response operations. When directed, as the supported or supporting commander, conduct military homeland defense operations.”

U.S. Coast Guard Maritime

Strategy for Homeland Security


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Coast Guard SecurityHomeland Security Roles

  • Lead federal agency for maritime homeland security

  • Federal Maritime Security Coordinator in U.S. ports

  • Supporting agency to FEMA for declared disasters or emergencies

  • Supporting or supported commander for military operations

  • Supporting agency to the designated LFA for specific events


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Coast Guard SecurityStrategy Objectives

  • Preventterrorist attacks within and exploitation of U.S. Maritime Domain

  • Reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism within U.S. Maritime Domain

  • Protect U.S. population centers, critical infrastructure, maritime borders, ports, coastal approaches, boundaries and “seams” among them

  • Protect U.S. Marine Transportation System while preserving freedom of maritime domain for legitimate pursuits

  • Minimize damage & recover from attacks that may occur within U.S. Maritime Domain as either LFA or supporting agency


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Coast Guard SecurityStrategy Elements

  • Increase Maritime Domain Awareness

  • Conduct enhanced maritime security operations

  • Close port security gaps

  • Build critical security capabilities and competencies

  • Leverage partnerships to mitigate security risks

  • Ensure readiness for homeland defense operations

"The increasing mobility and destructive potential of modern terrorism has required the United States to rethink and renovate fundamentally its systems for border and transportation security. Indeed, we must now begin to conceive of border security and transportation security as fully integrated requirements because our domestic transportation systems are inextricably intertwined with the global transportation infrastructure.”

– National Strategy for Homeland Security


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Strategy Elements Securityand Near-Term Program Initiatives


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Strategy Elements Securityand Near-Term Program Initiatives


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Maritime Domain Awareness Security

  • Layered Defense Concept

  • Six operational layers in three zones

    - International Zone

    Oceanic (200 nm to foreign EEZ)

    Foreign (foreign territory, ports & EEZ)

    - Border/Coastal Zone

    Coastal Approaches (Baseline to 24 nm)

    Maritime Approaches (24 nm – 200 nm+)

    - Domestic Zone

    Waterways

    Ports & harbors


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Outer Layers Security

Maritime Security Operations

Satcom

Satcom

UAV

3

COP, Data Link,Reachback

MPA

Imagery

UAV

5

1

4

2


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Inner Layers Security

Maritime Security Operations

4

4

3

4

2

4

1

4

4


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MARSEC Levels Security

MARSEC Three

“Incident Imminent”

Increased:

Air Surveillance of Approaches

Critical Infrastructure Support

Restrictions in Vessel Movement

Cutter Support to Ports

Heightened Port Control

Mission

MARSEC Two

“Heightened Risk”

Increased:

Air Surveillance of Approaches

Critical Infrastructure Support

Aids to Navigation & Ice Breaking, as required

Targeted Cutter Support to Ports

Heightened Port Control

MARSEC One

“New Normalcy”

Increased:

Intel & Fusion

Harbor Patrol

Protection of Assets

Air Surveillance


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U.S. Coast Guard Security

  • Military

  • Multi-Mission

  • Maritime

Conclusion

MDA is the critical enabler that will allow the U.S. Coast Guard and its partners to achieve their objectives against a vast array of threats confronting the United States


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