The 21st Century Internet

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The 21st Century Internet

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Slide 1:The 21st Century Internet— The “Always-On” World

First Annual James E. Crouch Lecture San Diego State University San Diego, CA May 2, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

Slide 2:Abstract

"After twenty years, the "S-curve" of building out the wired internet with hundreds of millions of PCs as its end points is flattening out, with corresponding lowering of the growth rates of the major suppliers of that global infrastructure. At the same time, several new "S-curves" are reaching their steep slope as ubiquitous computing begins to sweep the planet. First, the combination of wireless local area networks, the third generation of cellular phones, satellites, and the increasing use of the FCC unlicensed wireless band will cover the world with internet connectivity enabling both scientific research and emergency preparedness. This universal access to the Net will change our personal lives and enable a new generation of SensorNets to give us realtime feedback about our environment. Secondly, the resulting vast increase in internet data streams, augmented by the advent of mass market broadband to homes and businesses, will drive the backbone of the internet to an optical network of tremendous capacity. Finally, peer-to-peer computing and storage will increasingly provide a vast untapped capability to power this emergent planetary computer. I will describe how the newly formed Cal-(IT)2 Institute is organizing research in each of these areas, driven by real world challenges in earthquakes, global warming, pollution, and transportation congestion. We are building large scale "Laboratories for Living in the Future" into our community, several of which have SDSU performing a leadership role."

Slide 3:"The 21st Century Internet— the 'Always-On' World"

Crouch Lecture SDSU San Diego, CA May 2, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

Slide 4:Wireless Access--Anywhere, Anytime Broadband Speeds Cellular Connected with Wi-Fi Billions of New Wireless Internet End Points Information Appliances Sensors and Actuators Embedded Processors Will Bring About a New Meaning to “Dual-Use” Civilian Scientific and Engineering Research Commercial Business Military External Defense Homeland Security The “Always On” Internet

California Has Initiated Four New Institutes for Science and Innovation California NanoSystems Institute UCSF UCB California Institute for Bioengineering, Biotechnology, and Quantitative Biomedical Research California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society UCSC UCD UCM www.ucop.edu/california-institutes

Slide 6:Cal-(IT)2 -- An Integrated Approach to Research on the Future of the Internet

www.calit2.net 220 UCSD & UCI Faculty Working in Multidisciplinary Teams With Students, Industry, and the Community SDSU is an Academic Partner

Slide 7:Two New Cal-(IT)2 Buildings Approved by Legislature Last Week!

Will Create New Laboratory Facilities Clean Rooms for Nanotech and BioMEMS Computer Arts Virtual Reality Wireless and Optical Networking Interdisciplinary Teams Bioengineering UC San Diego UC Irvine

Slide 8:The Internet Is Rapidly Becoming Mobile

Source: Ericsson

Slide 9:Wireless Internet is Moving Throughout The Physical World

First US Taste of 3G Cellular Internet UCSD Jacobs School Antenna First Beta Test Site Linking to 802.11 Mobile “Bubble” Tested on CyberShuttle Joint Project with Campus From Railway to Campus at 65 mph! Rooftop Qualcomm 1xEV Access Point www.calit2.net/news/2002/4-2-bbus.html

Slide 10:Experimenting with the Future -- Wireless Internet Video Cams & Robots

Computer Vision and Robotics Research Lab Mohan Trivedi, UCSD, Cal-(IT)2 Mobile Interactivity Avatar Linked by 1xEV Cellular Internet Useful for Highway Accidents or Disasters

Slide 11:Using Students to Invent the Future The Teacher-Scholar Model of Discovery

Year- Long “Living Laboratory” Experiment 2001-02 Computer Science & Engineering Undergraduates 500+ Wireless-Enabled HP Pocket PCs at UC San Diego 50 Compaq Pocket PCs at UC Irvine Currently Using Wi-Fi (802.11) Wireless Internet Experiments with Geo-location and Interactive Maps Cal-(IT)2 Team: Bill Griswold, Gabriele Wienhausen, UCSD; Rajesh Gupta, UCI UC San Diego UC Irvine

Slide 12:ActiveCampus – Outdoor Map

Source: Bill Griswold, UCSD Bill Griswold’s ActiveCampus project seeks to engage students in campus life by increasing awareness of what and who is around them using wireless PDA’s and web technology. For example, a student walking up to APM sees this view on her PDA, showing two departments, Math and Computer Science, as well as Computing Services. The student also sees several buddies in the area. (The lists on the right show all her logged-in buddies, as well as nearby labs and so forth.) Seeing a buddy is nearby, she might click on him to send a quick message to arrange for coffee. Or, perhaps being curious about Computer Science, she can click on “CSE”, bringing up the department’s web page [use mouse to mouse over CSE and then click on it]. Bill Griswold’s ActiveCampus project seeks to engage students in campus life by increasing awareness of what and who is around them using wireless PDA’s and web technology. For example, a student walking up to APM sees this view on her PDA, showing two departments, Math and Computer Science, as well as Computing Services. The student also sees several buddies in the area. (The lists on the right show all her logged-in buddies, as well as nearby labs and so forth.) Seeing a buddy is nearby, she might click on him to send a quick message to arrange for coffee. Or, perhaps being curious about Computer Science, she can click on “CSE”, bringing up the department’s web page [use mouse to mouse over CSE and then click on it].

Slide 13:ActiveClass: Asking a Question

Source: Bill Griswold, UCSD

Slide 14:ActiveClass: Asking a Question

Used in CSE 12, Our 2nd Programming Course 200 Students in Two Sections Continuing This Term Source: Bill Griswold, UCSD

Slide 15:How Will You Know if The Kids Are on the Internet?

It connects to the audio piece and works like a tiny monitor that projects an image through the really cool bug-eye monocle into my eye. It has lots of ‘serious’ applications, but my favorite is to watch ‘Buffy’. My mom has already realized that when the video is on, the lenses become less transparent. That way she knows if I’m really paying attention to her or reading my email. She’s caught on quickly. http://wearables.www.media.mit.edu/ projects/wearables/mit-ideo/

Slide 16:Can Use of These Technologies Help Us Avoid the Downsides of Prolonged Growth?

Add Wireless Sensor Array Build GIS Data Focus on: Pollution Water Cycle Earthquakes Bridges Traffic Policy Work with the Community to Adapt to Growth Huntington Beach Mission Bay San Diego Bay UCSD UCI High Tech Coast

Slide 17:Using the FCC Unlicensed Band to Create a High Speed Wireless Backbone

The High Performance Wireless Research and Education Network An SDSU & Cal-(IT)2 Academic Partner Enabling a Broad Set of Science Applications and Crisis Management Allows for SensorNet Deployment to Remote Locations http://hpwren.ucsd.edu/topo.html NSF Funded PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC Co-PI, Frank Vernon, SIO 45mbps Duplex Backbone

Slide 18:The SDSU Field Station Program Provides Critical Living Laboratories

Global Warming Impact Land & Resource Management Habitat Fragmentation Water Quality and Quantity Biodiversity Loss Disruption of Fire Regimes Invasion of Exotic Species

Slide 19:Using the SDSU Santa Margarita Field Station as a Rapid Prototyping SensorNet Testbed

Slide 20:ROADnet—Bringing SensorNets to the Dirt Roads and the High Seas

High Bandwidth Wireless Internet Linking Sensors for: Seismology Oceanography Climate Hydrology Ecology Geodesy Real-Time Data Management Joint Collaboration Between: SIO / IGPP UCSD SDSC / HPWREN SDSU Cal-(IT)2 http://roadnet.ucsd.edu/ Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve R/V Revelle in Lyttleton, NZ

Slide 21:As Our Bodies Move On-Line Digital Medicine Will Emerge

Internal Sensors—Israeli Video Pill Battery, Light, & Video Camera Images Stored on Hip Device Next Step—Putting You On-Line! Wireless Internet Transmission Key Metabolic and Physical Sensors Genomic Individualized Medicine Combine Genetic Code Body Sensor Data Flows Powerful AI Data Mining Techniques www.givenimaging.com www.bodymedia.com www.philometron.com

Slide 22:Data Organization and Mining Are at the Heart of the “Always-On” Internet

The SDSC/Cal-(IT)2 Knowledge and Data Engineering Laboratory

Slide 23:How Can we Deal with the Increasing Flood of Data?

Scientific American, January 2001

Slide 24:Decision Makers Need Collaborative SensorNet Analysis Facilities

Driven by SensorNets Data Real Time Seismic Environmental Monitoring Emergency Response Distributed Corporations Linked UCSD and SDSU Dedication March 4, 2002 Linking Control Rooms Cox, Panoram, SAIC, SGI, IBM, TeraBurst Networks SD Telecom Council UCSD SDSU 44 Miles of Cox Fiber

Slide 25:From Telephone Conference Calls to Access Grid International Video Meetings

Access Grid Lead-Argonne NSF STARTAP Lead-UIC’s Elec. Vis. Lab Creating a Virtual Global Research Lab Using IP Multicast

Slide 26:Internet Engineering a Future Homeland Security

Regional Network for Homeland Security UCSD / SDSU / SD Collaboration Meetings with SD County, Cal OES, SPAWAR, SAIC, et al Cal-(IT)2 is Developing an Information Infrastructure Early Warning SensorNets Community Command System for Disaster Response High Tech Coast Geographic Data System Wireless Devices for First Responders

Slide 27:Wireless Internet Information System for Medical Response in Disasters (WIISARD)

Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert, UCSD SOM Network needs to be designedNetwork needs to be designed

Slide 28:Emergency Response Scenario

Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert, UCSD SOM

Slide 29:University Research on Multi-Function Sensors

UCSD Cal-(IT)2 Wireless SensorNets Group Pollution Biomedical Particulate Magnetic Systems Integration Target Markets: Pollution Monitoring Monitoring Public Spaces First Responders Handheld Nanosensor Device for Sarin Nerve Agent Developed for DARPA Micro Unattended Ground Sensors program Mike Sailor, UCSD Chemistry, Cal-(IT)2

“Sites” and “Buddies” Data Structures Adapted To “Patient List” And “Care Resources” “Instant Messaging” Adapted for Asynchronous Provider Communications to ICC or Other Providers “Campus Map” Adapted to Display Hot and Warm Zones and the Locations of Patients. “Digital Graffiti” Adapted to Display Patient Alerts

Slide 30:Reworking a Campus Education Communication System for Disaster Care

Active Disaster Care System

Slide 31:Grid Computing is Becoming Mainstream

Slide 32:The Global Grid Will Power a Mobile Internet

www.entropia.com

Slide 33:Adding Brilliance to Mobile Clients with Internet Computing

Napster Meets Entropia Distributed Computing and Storage Combined Assume Ten Million PCs in Five Years Average Speed Ten Gigaflop Average Free Storage 100 GB Planetary Computer Capacity 100,000 TeraFLOP Speed 1 Million TeraByte Storage 1000 TeraFLOPs is Roughly a Human Brain-Second Morovec-Intelligent Robots and Mind Transferral Kurzweil-The Age of Spiritual Machines Joy-Humans an Endangered Species? Vinge-Singularity

Slide 34:The Planetary Computing Power is Passing Through an Important Threshold

Source: Hans Moravec www.transhumanist.com/volume1/power_075.jpg Will the Grid Become Self- Organizing Powered Aware?

Slide 35:Can Robots Tap the Power of the Planetary Computer?

Sensors Temperature Distance Speed Accelerations Pressure IR Vibration Imaging Linked to Internet by Wi-Fi Wireless Broadband Completely Changes Robotics Architecture Access to Nearly Infinite Computing, Storage, Software Marriage of Net Software Agents to Physical Probes Ad Hoc Teams of Interacting Intelligent Robots Sony’s AIBO and SDR-4X

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