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Technology Development with Independents. National Energy Technology Laboratory. Office of Fossil Energy. Independents 5-Phase Program. Provide technical assistance to small independent operators to help find solutions for local production problems

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Technology Development with Independents

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Technology Development with Independents

National Energy Technology Laboratory

Office of Fossil Energy


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Independents 5-Phase Program

  • Provide technical assistance to small independent operators to help find solutions for local production problems

  • Cost-sharing assistance aimed at encouraging producers to apply unfamiliar technologies or novel, unproven approaches to solve operational problems through R&D field demonstration projects

  • Five solicitations resulted in five phases of research between 1995 and 2003


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Goals

  • Extend the economic production of domestic fields by slowing the rate of well abandonments and preserve infrastructure (including facilities, wells, data and expertise)

  • Increase ultimate recovery in known fields using advanced technologies for formation evaluation, improved oil recovery and production practices

  • Use field demonstrations to broaden information exchange and technology application among stakeholders by expanding participation in DOE projects


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Technology Development with Independents ‘High-Level Review’

Solicitations:

Phase 1: #94PC91008 M&O with BDM-OK subcontracts under Research Opportunity Announcement # OKL-5027-01 – 1995-1998

  • DOE investment $1M (29%) & Independents investment $2.5M (71%)

    • 22 projects awarded

      Phase 2: #01NT15146.000 – 1999-2002

  • DOE investment $1.4M (29%) and $3.5M (71%)

    • Round 1 – 7 projects awarded

    • Round 2 – 5 projects awarded

    • Round 3 – 5 projects awarded

    • Round 4 – 5 projects awarded

  • Total of 22 projects awarded

    Phase 3: #01BC15263.000 – 2001-2003

  • DOE Investment $.8M (36%) and Independents $1.3M (64%)

    • Round 1 – 3 projects awarded

    • Round 2 – 2 projects awarded

    • Round 3 – 5 projects awarded

  • Total of 10 projects awarded


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Technology Development with Independents ‘High-Level Review’cont.

Phase 4: #02NT15377.00 – 2002-2005

  • DOE Investment $.9M (42%) and Independents $1.3M (58%)

    • Round 1 – No projects awarded

    • Round 2 – 4 projects awarded

    • Round 3 – 6 projects awarded

  • Total of 10 projects awarded

    Phase 5a: #02NT15376.000 – 2003 - 2008

  • DOE Investment $1.8M (49%) and Independents $2.5M (51%)

    • Area 1 – 1 project awarded

    • Area 2 – 1 project awarded

      Phase 5b: #03NT15391.000 – 2003 - 2008

  • DOE Investment $3.7M (21%) and Independents $14.3M (79%)

    • 3 projects awarded

      GRAND TOTAL OF 69 PROJECTS with total DOE investments of $9.6M (27%) and Independents $25.4M (73%); total combined $35M investment


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Phase 1Support to Independents Program: Petroleum Technology Advances through Applied Research by Independent Oil Producers

  • Performance Period - 1995 to 1998

  • 22 projects awarded in 13 states

    • Maximum award: $50,000

  • 9 technology areas

  • Results

    • 7 projects ready for technology transfer to other operators

    • 12 were promising and justified additional monitoring or testing

    • 3 had little or limited potential

    • 5 of the 22 projects yielded almost twice the federal funding of the entire program


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Technology Development with Independents Initial 22 Projects Awarded – Phase 1

00-10.4.1.1


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Phase 1 Highlights

Performer: Cobra Oil & Gas, University of Alabama and Schlumberger

  • Formation Micro-Imaging (FMI)

    • Used to log core and determine facies

    • Confirmed that FMI logs are valid as alternation to whole core analysis

  • Benefits

    • Cost savings estimated at $10,000 to $25,000 per well

      Performer: Tenison Oil Company

  • Wellbore problems with pump sticking, rods parting and wear due to calcium carbonate scale deposition.

    • Redesigned rod pumps and used tubing anchors

    • Reduced heat created by friction to reduce calcium carbonate precipitation

  • Benefits

    • Workover and operating costs reduced from $10,000 per month to $1,200 per month for demonstration well


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Phase 2 Support to Independents ProgramTechnology Development with Independents

  • Period of Performance -1999 to 2002

  • 21 projects awarded in 10 states

    • Maximum award: $75,000

    • 16 projects less than 1 year in duration

    • Cost share by Industry is 71%

    • 6 projects rated Highly successful

    • All projects participated in “Lessons Learned” workshop


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Technology Development with Independents Contract and Field Sites – Phase 2

00-10.4.2


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Phase 2 Highlights

Performer: MNA

  • Revitalized a 14 well waterflood in New Mexico

  • Reservoir characterization using DOE’s BOAST III reservoir simulation software

  • Benefits: Positive production response, which allowed sale of the property to Vintage Drilling Company in November 2001

    Performer:Strand Energy Co.

  • Evaluated secondary recovery in Arkansas oil field

  • Benefits: Reservoir and well- bore injection performance data obtained during the pilot project will provide important data for secondary recovery optimization.

Strand Energy


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Phase 2 Highlights cont.

9 C VSP

Performer: Visos/ Vecta Energy; PartnerUniversity of Texas at Austin

  • 9-component Vertical Seismic Profile (3 vectors and sources)

    • vertical vibrator

    • incline horizontal vibrator

    • crossline horizontal vibrator

  • Improved seismic reflection interpretation

  • Conventional 3-D seismic uses only compressional P waves, Analysis of S wave phenomenon

  • Each mode creates a different victor displacement in Morrow sandstone

  • Discovered that S waves were more robust the P-waves

  • S wave provided spatial resolution

    Benefits:

  • Technology allows operators to image compartmentalized areas of reservoirs for bypassed oil.

  • Improved interpretation of Morrow sandstone in Co, KS, OK and TX

Directional movement of wave modes


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Phase 3Technology Development with Independents

  • Period of Performance –

    2001 to 2003

  • 10 projects awarded in 6 states

    • Maximum award $75,000

    • Cost-share by industry 64%

    • 8 projects judges successful

Marks, Assoc. Biostratigraphy

Evidence for oil exploration


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Phase 3Highlights

Performer: DAKFAM, Inc.

  • Used GasGun to generate shockwaves and high pressure to create fissure out fro drill hole which served to connect fractures.

    Benefits: Returned three idle wells to production

    Performer: Hunter Living Trust (Vaquero Energy)

  • Designed well surveillance system to monitor marginal oil wells.

    Benefits:

  • Implemented Marginal Expense Oil Well Wireless Surveillance (MEOWWS) system.

  • Demonstrated feasibility of wireless surveillance devices and remote sensor technology.

MEOWWSBase Station Antenna and Radio Modem


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Phase 4Research with Independents

  • Period of Performance – 2003 to 2005

  • 10 projects awarded in 5 states

    • Maximum award $100,000

    • 58% industry cost share

    • Projects with St. James and Vecta were funded as follow-ups to previous awards from Phase 2

    • All projects were technical successes

Arnell Oil Co. Littleton, CO


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Phase 4 Highlights

Performer: St. James

  • Designed new hydrochloric-phosphonic acid treatment to dissolve severe calcium carbonate scale buildup.

  • Inhibits the formation of calcium carbonate scale.

    Benefits: Returned 4 shut-in wells to production double the prior to shut-in Los Angeles, CA

    Performer: Grand Mesa Operating Co.

  • Demonstrated feasibility of polymer gel technology to increase recovery in Kansas.

    Benefits: Polymer gels reduce water production, reduce well and operating costs.

St. James

Grand Mesa


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Phase 5Advanced Technologies for Independents

  • Performance Period –

    2002 to 2005

  • 5 projects awarded in 5 states

    • Maximum award $100,000

    • Industry cost share 51-79%

    • Projects focused on:

      • Drilling and completion

      • Reservoir characterization

      • Seismic technology

    • All projects were successful

Schlumberger time-lapse seismic, Michigan

Vecta seismic

Exploration in

Williston Basin


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Phase 5Highlights

Performer: Enerdyne, LLC

  • Developed submersible pump suspended on stainless steel wireline cable demonstrated in San Juan Basin, NM

    Benefits:

  • Suspending the pump on wireline permits rapid deployment and retrieval

  • New pump can cut capital costs and reduce operating costs significantly

    Performer: Utah Geological Survey

  • Reservoir characterization of Leadville Lm, UT

    Benefits:

  • Reduce exploration costs and drilling risk in environmentally sensitive areas

  • Add new oil discoveries and reserves

Enerdyne wireline cable

UGS

Leadville Limestone


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Independent ProgramBenefits

  • Maintain current domestic production levels

  • Curtail premature loss of domestic production due to fluctuating economic conditions

  • Increase ultimate recovery in known fields using advanced technologies

  • Program reached small independent operators who had not previous received direct benefit from DOE research or funding

  • Shared technologies through DOE and PTTC workshop reached a wide range of independents

Tremblor Petroleum Co., CA


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