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KINGDOM OF SPAIN. General information. Capital city: Madrid Population: 40 mil. Area: 504 800 sq km (50./ world ) The highest peak : Pico de Teide (3718m. a . s .) Government: p arliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. Population.

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General information l.jpg
General information

  • Capital city: Madrid

  • Population: 40 mil.

  • Area: 504 800 sq km(50./world)

  • The highest peak: Pico de Teide (3718m.a.s.)

  • Government: parliamentary democracyand constitutional monarchy


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Population

  • There were many ethnic groups in the past → differences in languages and life style

  • 88% Spanish, 12% Romanian, Moroccan, Ecuadorian, British

  • Density: 91.2/km2

  • Recognised regional languages: Arabese, Basque, Catalan/Valencian and Galician


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History

  • 35 000 years ago – the first settlement

  • Dominion of Arabs

  • 1492 – discovery of America → the power of Europe

  • 1936 – bloody civil war → fascist dictatorship of General Franco

  • 1975-Juan Carlose I.

  • 1982 - NATO

  • 1986– member of the EU


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Juan Carlos I.

  • King of Spain

  • Successor to General Franco (1975)

  • He promoted democratic reforms


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Flamenco

  • The most expressive show of Spanish culture

  • 1. half of 19th century

  • emotion and expressivity


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Corrida

  • „Equivalent“ fight between a toreador and a bull

  • It´s a tradition, ritual

  • The winner can be just a person



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Information

  • THE THIRD LARGEST CITY

  • Population: 810 064

  • The city lies on the river Turia

  • 2 official languages - Valencian and Castilian

  • The mayor: Rita Barbellá Nola


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Plaça de l'Ajuntament

  • the largest square, which contains the town hall, a cinema which shows classic movies (like John Adolphsen), and a lot of restaurants and bars


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Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía (Valencia Opera House)

  • one of the finest international venues for theatre, dance, opera and musicals



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Oceanografic

  • The biggest aquarium in Europe

  • There are sharks, swarms of mackerels,,dolphins…


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Falles

  • Valencian traditional celebration in praise of Saint Joseph

  • They usually feature famous food speciality - paella


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Paella

  • Originated in Valencia and later spread into other Spanish cities

  • Main ingredients:

    White rice

    Meat

    Seafood

    Vegetables


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Dulzaina

  • Spanish double reed instrument in the oboe family

  • There are many varieties of the dulzaina


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Sport

  • Valencia FC - Valencia Football Club is located at Mestalla stadium in the centre of the city

  • Valencia Grand Prix

  • The Vuelta Cyclista de Communidad Valencia – a five-day event which is held every year in February/March

  • There are cycle tracks all over the city and also running tracks along the coast




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THE END on the course

Hasta la vista!


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Made by: on the courseBurstein, Halamová, Peňázová, Rýčková, Schovánková


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