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Internet in Belarus: Some Facts. Mikhail Doroshevich http://www.e-belarus.org. 1. Penetration 2. Infrastructure 3. Cost main internet services 4. Internet Users 5. Domain .BY 6. E-Government 7. Content 8. Political parties 9. NGO 10. Conclusions. Internet in Belarus: Some Facts.

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Internet in Belarus: Some Facts

Mikhail Doroshevich

http://www.e-belarus.org


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1. Penetration

2. Infrastructure

3. Cost main internet services

4. Internet Users

5. Domain .BY

6. E-Government

7. Content

8. Political parties

9. NGO

10. Conclusions

Internet in Belarus: Some Facts



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Internet in Belarus: Some Facts

Infrastructure:

36 providers: 18 xDSL, 31 dial-up, 2 cable services


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Internet in Belarus: Some Facts

Cost main internet services:

Dial-up 20 hours per week 7.4 USD

Dial-up 30 hours per week 15 USD

Dial-up 40 hours per week 20 USD

Unmetered access 60 USD/mo

ADSL (500 MB traffic) 26 USD/mo

ADSL/IDSL (600 MB traffic) 50 USD/mo

ADSL (1 GB traffic) 100 USD/mo

Broadband (1 GB traffic) 50 USD/mo


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Internet in Belarus: Some Facts

Internet Users:

60% - Minsk, 20% - regional cities


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Domain .BY

Registrator: http://www.tld.by

Cost of registration, one time - 50 USD

Cost of technical support for one year - 50 USD.

Small zone: 3.500 records

(For example: .ru – 368.000, .de – 6.000.000)

No whois services.

Internet in Belarus: Some Facts


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E-Government

only 74 (8,2 percent) of 903 analyzed national, regional and district government bodies are represented online.

At the same time 73,2 percent of national government institutions (41 from 56), 11 percent of regional (8 from 72) and 3 percent of district (25 from 775) government bodies have their websites.

Among the 74 reviewed web-sites 41 (55,4percent) represent national, 8 (10 percent) – regional and 25 (33,8 percent) –district governing bodies.

22 percent of all websites are not updated.

Internet in Belarus: Some Facts


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General eGov Profile

Internet in Belarus: Some Facts


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Internet in Belarus: Some Facts

Content:

Search Engines: TUT.BY, all.by

Rating systems: Akavita.BY, all.by

Catalogues: all.by, catalog.tut.by, akavita

News Portal: http://www.news.by

http://www.tut.by

http://www.naviny.by

http://www.bdg.by

http://www.svaboda.org

Communities: http://www.onliner.by

http://forum.delta.by


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Internet in Belarus: Some Facts

Polictical parties:

199 parliamentary candidates

(49,8% of 400 registered by October 4, 2004) had their web-sites or web-pages.

Politparty site Number of candidates presented

Web-Sites, specially to elections 5

5+ site 116

Belarusian Parliament 61

United Civil Party Web-site 8

Lev Sapega Foundation branch 8

Others 11


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Internet in Belarus: Some Facts

NGOs as well as political parties seem to lag behind the official structures in using the Internet: the NGOs are almost three times less likely to rely on the Internet.

The major reason behind this relatively limited Internet activities by the CSOs seems: besides the lack of resources, also a lower awareness of the Internet’s potential, and, perhaps as a result of it, endemic “online-practices illiteracy”, despite clear benefits that the Internet can offer


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Internet in Belarus: Some Facts

  • Conclusions:

  • Undeveloped infrastructure;

  • Few websites with providing useful information;

  • eGovernment - interactivity lacking;

  • - CSOs are not aware of Internet democratic potential.



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