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Future Directions: Alligator-Weed Research and Management

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Future Directions: Alligator-Weed Research and Management. Shon Schooler CSIRO Entomology [email protected] Goal: To identify key questions and develop research projects that will increase our understanding of alligator-weed and lead to more effective management strategies. .

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Future Directions:

Alligator-Weed

Research and Management

Shon Schooler

CSIRO Entomology

[email protected]

slide2

Goal:

To identify key questions and develop research projects that will increase our understanding of alligator-weed and lead to more effective management strategies.

Chemical

Mechanical

Cultural

Biological

Integrated

slide3

Current Research Projects:

  • Genetic analysis
  • Pollination study
  • Karyotype analysis
  • Integrated management strategies
  • Herbicide trials
  • Comparison of management methods
  • Field biomass measurements (modelling)
  • Ideas for Future Research
slide4

Herbicide Trials

  • Tom Anderson: Queensland Natural Resource Management
  • ([email protected])
  • Greenhouse Trials
  • Triclopyr amine (selective (no grasses) and best over long term)
  • Glyphosate (non-selective but works ok)
  • Carfentrazone (quick knock down but does not get to roots)
slide5

Effect of herbicide, repeated leaf removal, and single event complete above ground biomass removal on the production, nutrient, and stored energy allocation of alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides)

Alice Yeates, John Wilson, Mic Julien, Shon Schooler, and Leanne Hughes

slide6

440 plants over 5 weeks

Treatments:

1) Stems clipped (once)

2) Herbicide (Glyphosate 360g/L )

3) Defoliation (weekly)

4) Control

slide11

Biomass Collections

NSW Agriculture Weeds Research Unit

Port Stephen Shire Council

Graham Prichard

Bertie Hennecke

Tony Cook

Paul Moylan

slide12

Future Questions

Research Topic #1: Feeding damage of biocontrol agents.

How do different types of herbivory affect plant growth?

Can the strategic removal of small amounts of tissue have the same impact as general defoliation (ie. tip destruction vs. leaf removal)?

Does node damage effect root growth at the node?

slide13

Future Questions

Research Topic #2: Plant spread via nodes.

Do habitat conditions affect fragmentation?

What is the fate of fragments/nodes ?

How long can they (and what fraction) can survive adverse conditions (temperature, desiccation, submergence, etc…)?

slide14

Future Questions

Research Topic #3: The root bank.

It has been observed that flooding can trigger a flush of growth that has been mistaken for seedlings.

Greenhouse observations have found that roots can be completely dry for several weeks and then sprout after they are re-hydrated.

What is the fate of roots under adverse conditions?

slide15

Future Questions

Research Topic #4:Herbivory and disturbance mediating competitive outcomes.

When conditions are favourable (water present and herbivores absent) alligator weed can colonize large areas very quickly. However, with decreasing moisture and increasing herbivory alligator weed begins to loose ground and above-ground material eventually disappears.

How do flooding and herbivory interact to influence the competitive ability of alligator weed?

When is population growth reduced to zero?

slide16

Future Questions

Research Topic #5: Climate matching for new agents.

One goal of this project is to release agents that will control alligator-weed in cooler climates.

Can we predict the effectiveness of potential agents using

using CLIMEX and GIS models?

This is particularly relevant because the terrestrial herbivores (the second goal) will be more affected by climatic conditions.

slide17

Building models of plant population dynamics

What factor or combination of factors will lead to a decline in alligator-weed biomass?

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