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l. World War II. Key Terms:. Appeasement Neutrality Acts Cash and Carry Lend- Lease Act Atlantic Charter . Causes of World War II. Causes of World War II. Hitler defies Treaty of Versailles. Munich Conference APPEASEMENT. Japan Needs Raw Materials. BLITZKRIEG.

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l

World War II


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Key Terms:

Appeasement

Neutrality Acts

Cash and Carry

Lend- Lease Act

Atlantic Charter


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Causes of World War II

Causes of World War II

Hitler defies Treaty of Versailles

Munich Conference APPEASEMENT

Japan Needs Raw Materials

BLITZKRIEG


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Causes of World War II

Causes of World War II

  • Hitler defies Treaty of Versailles

  • builds up armed forces

  • annexed Austria

  • LEAGUE OF NATIONS DOES NOTHING!

  • Munich Conference APPEASEMENT

  • Hitler threatened war unless he could annex Czechoslovakia

  • British give in to avoid war.

  • Japan Needs Raw Materials

  • Japan invades China and Southeast Asia in search of raw materials (oil, oil, oil)

  • BLITZKRIEG! September 1, 1939

  • Hitler invades Poland


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Alignment of World War II

Allied Powers

Britain

France

Soviet Union

Axis Power

Germany

Italy

Japan


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Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937

  • Stopped U.S. from selling weapons to nations at war

  • Traveling on the ships of nations at war


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American Isolationism

Why do you think America was so opposed to the war?


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“Cash and Carry”

  • Neutrality Act of1939

  • US could sell weapons to the Allies

  • Had to come and pick them up

  • US economy improved

  • America becomes the “Arsenal of Democracy.”

“50 tin cans”


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To be neutral…or not to be neutral…

  • Lend-Lease Plan –

  • Britain ran out of cash to pay for American war materials.

  • FDR leases arms to “any country whose defense was vital to the United States.”

“It’s like lending your hose to a neighbor if his house were on fire… You don't want $15 – You want your hose back after the fire is over…it's all smashed up. He says, he will replace it."


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“Lend-Lease” Act (1941)

Great Britain.........................$31 billionSoviet Union...........................$11 billionFrance......................................$ 3 billionChina.......................................$1.5 billionOther European.................$500 millionSouth America...................$400 millionThe amount totaled: $48,601,365,000


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Atlantic Charter Meeting, 1941

  • Roosevelt met with British Prime Minister Churchill

  • They agreed to build a just and lasting peace.

  • Aimed to establish free governments in the world, free from dictators.

Do you think FDR wanted to get involved in World War II based on what you’ve learned?


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Pearl Harbor – Dec. 7, 1941

A date which will live in infamy!



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USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor


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Pearl Harbor Memorial

200 American planes were destroyed

19 ships were sunk

2,887 Americans were killed.



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“December 7, 1941 - A Date Which Will Live In Infamy”

  • Causes

  • US demands Japan to stop Imperializing Asia

  • US places Embargo (no trade) on oil, gas, iron, rubber with Japan

  • Japan signs alliance with Germany and Italy


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Island Hopping- strategy of moving from island to island until American forces were in control of the Pacific and prepared to invade Japan.


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