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70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration. Chapter Two Installing and Configuring Exchange Server 2003. Objectives. Differentiate between editions of Exchange Server 2003

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70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration

Chapter Two

Installing and Configuring Exchange Server 2003


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Objectives

  • Differentiate between editions of Exchange Server 2003

  • Prepare a Windows Server 2003 and an Active Directory environment for the installation of Exchange Server 2003

  • Install Exchange Server 2003

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Objectives (continued)

  • Identify and access Exchange Server 2003 administration and management tools

  • Configure Exchange Server 2003 modes, global settings, and policies

  • Configure server properties for an Exchange Server 2003 system

  • Configure DNS to support Exchange Server 2003

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Installing and Configuring Exchange Server 2003

  • Two main tools are used to manage and configure related settings

    • Exchange System Manager

      • Used to manage everything from an organization-wide setting to message queues

    • Active Directory Users and Computers

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Exchange Server 2003 Editions

  • Exchange Server 2003, Standard Edition

  • Exchange Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Exchange Server 2003, Standard Edition

  • Targeted for small to medium-sized businesses

  • Limitations include:

    • Support for a maximum of one storage group

    • Support for a maximum of one mailbox store and one public folder store per storage group

    • A maximum per-database size of 16 GB

    • No clustering support

    • The X.400 connector is not included

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Exchange Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

  • Aimed at enterprise customers

  • Features include:

    • Support for up to four storage groups

    • Support for up to five databases

    • A maximum database size of 8 TB

    • Support for clustering of eight nodes

    • Built-in X.400 connector

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Preparing to Install Exchange Server 2003

  • Steps completed prior to installing Exchange Server 2003 include:

    • Installing the Windows Server 2003 services required by Exchange

    • Running the ForestPrep tool

    • Running the DomainPrep tool

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Installing Windows Server 2003 Services

  • Windows Server 2003 services that must be installed first:

    • .NET Framework

    • ASP.NET

    • Internet Information Services (IIS)

    • World Wide Web Publishing service

    • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) service

    • Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) service

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-1: Installing Windows Server 2003 Services Requiredfor Exchange Server 2003

  • Time Required: 10–15 minutes

  • Objective: Install services required prior to install of Exchange Server 2003

  • Description: Install specific services required by Exchange Server 2003

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Running ForestPrep

  • ForestPrep tool must be run to prepare the environment for Exchange Server 2003

  • Must be run in the Active Directory domain where the domain controller holding the role of schema master resides

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Running ForestPrep (continued)

  • Main functions carried out by ForestPrep include:

    • Extending the Active Directory schema to include required classes and attributes

    • Creating the Exchange organization container object in Active Directory

    • Designating a user or group account to have Administrator permissions

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-2: Preparing an Active Directory Forest for Exchange Using ForestPrep

  • Time Required: 20–30 minutes

  • Objective: Run ForestPrep to prepare your Active Directory forest for the installation of Exchange Server 2003

  • Description: Create an Active Directory Forest. The forest first must be prepared by running the ForestPrep tool.

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Running DomainPrep

  • DomainPrep needs to be run in each of the following domains:

    • The Active Directory forest root domain

    • Any domains that will contain Exchange Server 2003 systems

    • Any domain that will contain Exchange Server 2003 mail-enabled objects

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Running DomainPrep (continued)

  • Any domains that include domain controllers configured as global catalog servers

  • Any domains that include user or group accounts that will manage the Exchange Server 2003 organization

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Running DomainPrep (continued)

  • The main functions carried out by DomainPrep include:

    • Creating the Exchange Domain Servers global group and Exchange Enterprise Servers local group in Active Directory

    • Making the Exchange Domain Servers global group a member of both the Exchange Enterprise Servers and the Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access local groups

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Running DomainPrep (continued)

  • Creating the Exchange System Objects container

  • Configuring permissions for the Exchange Enterprise Servers group

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Running DomainPrep (continued)

  • Modifying the AdminSdHolder template that sets permissions for the Administrators local group

  • Performing preinstallation checks prior to installing Exchange Server 2003

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-3: Preparing an Active Directory Domain for Exchange Using DomainPrep

  • Time Required: 5–10 minutes

  • Objective: Run DomainPrep to prepare your Active Directory domain for the installation of Exchange Server 2003

  • Description: TheActive Directory domain must be prepared by running the DomainPrep prior to installing Exchange Server 2003

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Installing Exchange Server 2003

  • Install after:

    • Basic service have been installed

    • ForestPrep has been run

    • DomainPrep has been run

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-4: Installing Exchange Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

  • Time Required: 40–50 minutes

  • Objective: Install Exchange Server 2003 on your Windows Server 2003 system

  • Description: All services must be installed and ForestPrep and DomainPrep run prior to installing the Enterprise Edition

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70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Unattended Installations of Exchange Server 2003

  • Unattended installations can be used for the following tasks:

    • Installing Exchange Server 2003 on all but the first Exchange server in the organization

    • Installing the Exchange Server 2003 System Management tools

    • Running DomainPrep in all but the first domain

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Unattended Installations of Exchange Server 2003 (continued)

  • The administrator first needs to create an answer file

  • Copy the answer file to the server about to get the installation and issue the install command

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Deploying Exchange Server 2003 in a Cluster

  • A clusteris a group of independent servers that work together to ensure high system availability

  • Each server is referred to as a node

  • Maximum number of nodes supported in an Exchange Server 2003 cluster is eight

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Deploying Exchange Server 2003 in a Cluster (continued)

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Exchange Server 2003 Administration Tools

  • The two primary tools used to manage an Exchange organization

    • Exchange System Manager

    • Active Directory Users and Computers

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Exchange System Manager

  • Exchange System Manager is used to manage an Exchange Server environment and related system settings

  • Microsoft Management Console (MMC)can also be added to custom consoles that include other administrative tools

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Exchange System Manager (continued)

  • Common administrative tasks

    • Configuration of global settings, such as message formats, message delivery options, and mobile service settings

    • Configuration of recipient settings, including templates, address lists, update services, and policies

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Exchange System Manager (continued)

  • Configuration and management of administrative groups and routing groups

  • Configuration and management of server settings, including message queues, storage groups, and protocols

  • Configuration of connectors between Exchange and other messaging systems

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Exchange System Manager (continued)

  • Delegation of Exchange administrative roles

  • Configuration of server and recipient policies

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-5: Exploring Exchange System Manager

  • Time Required: 10 minutes

  • Objective: Access and explore the Exchange System Manager tool

  • Description: Exchange System Manager is used to manage an Exchange organization

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Active Directory Users and Computers

  • Active Directory Users and Computers is used to manage user, group, and computer account objects

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Active Directory Users and Computers (continued)

  • Administrative tasks performed with Active Directory Users and Computers include:

    • Configuring e-mail addresses for users and groups

    • Enabling or disabling user access to Exchange features

    • Configuring user delivery options, delivery restrictions, and storage limits

    • Configuring mailbox rights

    • Creating and managing distribution groups

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-6: Exploring Exchange-related Changes to Active Directory Users and Computers

  • Time Required: 10 minutes

  • Objective: Access and explore changes to Active Directory Users and Computers after Exchange Server 2003 has been installed

  • Description: UseActive Directory Users and Computers tool to open and explore Active Directory Users and Computers

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Customized Consoles

  • Users can create customized MMCs that include the specific snap-ins that you work with on a regular basis

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-7: Creating a Custom MMC

  • Time Required: 10 minutes

  • Objective: Create a custom MMC that includes both the Exchange System Manager and Active Directory Users and Computers tools

  • Description: Create custom MMCs as a way to consolidate administrative tools within a single environment

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Picking a Server Management Location

  • Preferable to install the required server tools on a management workstation

  • Can be installed on a Windows XP Professional system running Service Pack 1 or higher

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Managing Exchange Server 2003

  • Management-related tasks include:

    • Switching an Exchange organization from mixed mode to native mode

    • Configuring Exchange global settings

    • Configuring Exchange server property settings

    • Working with system policies

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Switching from Mixed Mode to Native Mode

  • Exchange organization runs in mixed mode by default

  • Run in native mode if your organization does not need to support interoperability with Exchange Server 5.5 systems

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Switching from Mixed Mode to Native Mode (continued)

  • The benefits of native mode include:

    • Creating query-based distribution groups

    • Bandwidth savings, because bridgehead servers will use 8BITMIME data transfer rather than the 7-bit exchanges used in Exchange Server 5.5 environments

    • The ability for routing groups to contain servers for different administrative groups

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Switching from Mixed Mode to Native Mode (continued)

  • The ability to move Exchange Server 2003 systems between routing groups

  • The ability to move mailboxes between administrative groups

  • SMTP is used as the default routing protocol

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-8: Switching Exchange Server 2003 to Native Mode

  • Time Required: 10 minutes

  • Objective: Switch Exchange Server 2003 from mixed mode to native mode

  • Description: Exchange Server 2003 features are not available until an Exchange organization is promoted from mixed mode to native mode

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Configuring Global Settings

  • The Global Settings node consists of three main configuration areas:

    • Internet Message Formats

    • Message Delivery

    • Mobile Services

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Internet Message Formats

  • Control how e-mail messages are formatted when sent to or received from Internet clients

  • SMTP converts the message from Microsoft Rich Text Format (RTF) to Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) format

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Internet Message Formats (continued)

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Message Delivery

  • The Global Settings Message Delivery node allows you to configure message delivery options for your Exchange organization

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-9: Configuring Exchange Global Settings

  • Time Required: 15 minutes

  • Objective: Configure global settings on an Exchange Server 2003 system

  • Description: Configurable Global Settings in Exchange System Manager include Internet Message Formats and Message Delivery settings

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Configuring Server Property Settings

  • Used to control the functions of a particular Exchange Server 2003 system

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-10: Exploring and Configuring Server Settings

  • Time Required: 15 minutes

  • Objective: Explore and configure Exchange Server 2003 server property settings

  • Description: A large number of configurable settings are available in the Properties pages of an Exchange server

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Working with System Policies

  • System Policies are a collection of settings that can be applied to these objects once, rather than individually

  • Policies are applied to an object (such as a server)

  • One system policy can be applied to an object at any given point in time

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Working with System Policies (continued)

  • Exchange Server 2003 supports three kinds of system policies:

    • Mailbox store policies

    • Public folder store policies

    • Server policies

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-11: Creating and Applying Server Policies

  • Time Required: 15 minutes

  • Objective: Create and apply a server policy to an Exchange Server 2003 system

  • Description: Server system policies help administrators to apply and enforce configuration settings on multiple servers simultaneously, without the need to configure each server individually

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Configuring DNS To Support Exchange Server 2003 Internet E-Mail

  • Domain Name Service (DNS) provides name resolution services on a Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) network

  • Mail servers are listed in DNS using a special type of resource record known as a Mail Exchanger (MX)

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Configuring DNS to Support Exchange Server 2003 Internet E-Mail (continued)

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Activity 2-12: Configuring DNS to Support Exchange Server 2003 Internet E-mail

  • Time Required: 5 minutes

  • Objective: Configure DNS with an MX record to support Exchange Server 2003 as an Internet-based SMTP server

  • Description: DNS MX records are used to designate mail servers within the DNS infrastructure on the Internet

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Summary

  • Two editions of Exchange Server 2003 exist

    • Exchange Server 2003, Standard Edition

    • Exchange Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

  • The first server in an Active Directory environment must run ForestPrep and DomainPrep

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Summary (continued)

  • Tools used to manage an Exchange Server 2003 organization are Exchange System Manager and Active Directory Users and Computers

  • Installed Exchange organizations run in mixed mode to support environments that include Exchange 5.5 servers

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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Summary (continued)

  • Exchange Server 2003 supports the use of system policies to enforce consistent settings

  • DNS MX records are used by sending mail servers to find a recipient’s mail server

70-284 MCSE Guide to Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Administration


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