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SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT. EMERGING TRENDS IN PUBLIC- PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN IRRIGATION SECTOR The Case of ALBANIA Ylli DEDJA 8 – 13 MAY 2005. SUMMARY. AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION IN ALBANIA INSTITUTIONAL ORGANIZATION AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

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SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT

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SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT

EMERGING TRENDS IN PUBLIC- PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN IRRIGATION SECTOR

The Case of ALBANIA

Ylli DEDJA

8 – 13 MAY 2005

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, May 2005


SUMMARY

  • AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION IN ALBANIA

  • INSTITUTIONAL ORGANIZATION AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

  • DEVELOPMENT OF WUAs

  • WORLD BANK IRRIGATION REHABILITATION PROJECTS

  • INSTITUTIONAL POLICIES

  • ASSESMENT OF REFORMS

  • MAIN ISSUES AND ACTIONS

  • NATIONAL UNION OF WUAs

  • RESTRUCTURING OF WATER ENTERPRISES

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


1. AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION IN ALBANIA

  • THE IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION

    • LOCATION AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

  • IRRIGATION

    • WATER SOURCES

    • IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE INFRASTRUCTURE

    • SYSTEM SIZE AND FRAGMENTATION

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


2. INSTITUTIONAL ORGANISATION AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

  • Introduction of Agrarian Structure in ALBANIA

    • By 1991: 500 Cooperatives, 150 state farms

    • After land reform: 400,000 farm holdings

  • Water Enterprise

  • Legal and Regulatory Framework (up to 1994) – Irrigation Code

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


3. DEVELOPMENT OF WATER USER ASSOCIATIONS

  • Background

  • Legal steps for WUA formation

  • Sharing a water source

  • Registered WUAs

  • Government incentive and approach for WUA development

  • Water fees

  • Farmers and WUAs

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


FIRST IRRIGATION REHABILITATION PROJECT

  • Introduction and background (7 districts)

  • Rehabilitated 21 irrigation schemes (88,000 ha) & 18 drainage schemes (99,000 ha)

  • About 100,000 farm holdings (1,2 -1,4 ha farm size)

  • WUA component

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


HISTORY FOR WUA ESTABLISHMENT

  • Legal Framework

  • WUA Unit

  • Technical Assistance

  • Village based WUAs

  • Weakness of village-based WUAs

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


STRATEGY FOR WUA CONSOLIDATION

  • Hydraulic based WUAs

  • Power of Local Government

  • Transfer of O&M of Canals and Irrigation Systems

    • EC explore members interest- bottom-up approach

    • AC prepare brief proposals

    • Official proposals - DDAF - MoAF

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


SECOND IRRIGATION & DRAINAGE REHABILITATION PROJECT

  • First challenge – extend rehabilitation

  • Second challenge – sustainability of irrigation management

  • Third challenge – restructuring of Water Enterprises

  • Federation – responsibility of major irrigation infrastructure

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


OBJECTIVES OF SIDRP

  • To emerge small private farmers to increase agricultural production through rapid rehabilitation of existing of Irrigation and Drainage infrastructure

  • To reduce flood of risks

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


COMPONENTS OF SIDRP

  • Physical rehabilitation: 20 irrigation and 16 drainage schemes, 50,000 ha, 50,000 farm families

  • Institutional development and management capacity

    • Development & strengthening of WUAs/FWUAs

    • Restructuring of WE

  • Political support

  • Technical studies

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


CRITERIA FOR SIDRP

  • Main irrigation & drainage canals

    • Farmers organized to WUAs

    • Membership over 80 %

    • FWUA establishment take responsibility for main works

    • System transfer before rehabilitation

  • For secondary irrigation canals by gravity

    • Contribution up to 3 000 leke/ha

  • For schemes by pumping; height less than 50 m

    • 10 % of total investment

  • For schemes by pumping; height more than 50 m

    • 10 % of total investment plus 1 % per each 5 m above

      50 m

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


INSTITUTIONAL POLICIES

  • 2001 – MBU address Supervising to PMU

  • WUA/FWUA development policies

    • 386 WUA; 17 FWUA

    • Training system; about 850 WUA staff trained

  • Financial audit

  • Physical audit

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


WUA SUPPORT PROGRAMME

  • Publicity and awareness campaign

  • Formulation and adoption of internal rules and regulations

  • Transparency and accountability

  • Irrigation service fee collection

  • Operation and maintenance of tertiary canals

  • Improved water management activities

  • National Union of WUA - (May 2004)

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


STRUCTURE OF WUA

  • Administrative Council – every 2 years

  • Executive Council

    • Chairman

    • Treasurer

    • Secretary

    • Water masters

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


WUA FUNCTIONS

  • Draws maintenance plan

  • Finances and budget

  • Cropping plans

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


Project 3Water resource Management Project

  • Continuity of reforms all over the country.

  • Physical rehabilitation of Irrigation and drainage schemes.

  • Empowered FWUAs and WUAs

  • Consolidating the Drainage Boards

  • River Basin management

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


ASSESMENT OF REFORMS

  • Transfer of about 240,000 ha

  • Government subsidies to WE reduced(2006 will be 0)

  • Demand – driven rehabilitation will prevent waste of resources

  • Farmers are satisfied with the removal of Government involvement and are ready to pay the cost

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


ASSESMENT OF REFORMS(main future actions)

  • Practical support to WUAs/FWUAs through training

    • Training at tertiary level

    • Training at secondary level

    • Training in financial administration and management

  • Rehabilitation through demand – driven

  • Supervision and regulation to prevent abuse and malpractices

  • Restructuring of WE to address drainage problems; Drainage Boards

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


IMPACT IN WUA DEVELOPMENT

  • Increasing cost recovery (45-50 % of O&M)

  • Consolidating the public role in irrigation and decreasing fiscal expenditure

  • Uniting newly emerging private farmers

  • Leadership role and specialization

  • Increasing equity in water rights and the role of women

  • Timely delivery of water

  • Conflict resolution

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


DRAINAGE BOARDS

  • Management structure

  • Staff levels and skills

  • Financial management

  • Assets

  • Maintenance planning

  • Procurement management and supervision

  • Area of uncertainty

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


River Basin Management

  • Restructuring of actual River Basin Council

  • Investment through the performance

  • Water quality monitoring

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


Thank You

Tirana, 8 May 2005

ALBANIA

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005


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