Benefits of Preschool Education. W. Steven Barnett, Director National Institute for Early Education Research Rutgers—The State University of New Jersey For further information go to our website: www.nieer.org. Preschool’s Benefits. Increased Achievement Test Scores
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W. Steven Barnett, Director
National Institute for Early Education Research
Rutgers—The State University of New Jersey
For further information go to our website:
High/Scope Perry Preschool– a half-day program on a small scale in the Ypsilanti, MI public schools
True Experiment, n=123, follow-up to age 27
Abecedarian educational child care– a full-day year-round program in Chapel Hill, NC
True Experiment, n=111, follow-up to age 21
Chicago-Child Parent Centers (CPC)– a half-day program on a large scale in the Chicago public schools
Quasi-Experimental, n=1286, follow-up to age 18-21
Cost Benefit to Society
All three studies find that economic benefits from intensive, high-quality programs to taxpayers and participants combined far exceed the cost of high-quality programs (comparable to the cost of public education generally).
Middle class children have fairly high rates of academic problems preschool reduces for low-income children.
Reducing these problems could generate large benefits.
Lowest 20% 17% 23%
20-80% 12% 11%
Highest 20% 8% 3%
Source:US Department of Education, NCES (1997). Dropout rates in the United States: 1995. Figures are multi-year averages.