Benefits of preschool education
Download
1 / 25

Benefits of Preschool Education - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Benefits of Preschool Education. W. Steven Barnett, Director National Institute for Early Education Research Rutgers—The State University of New Jersey For further information go to our website: www.nieer.org. Preschool’s Benefits. Increased Achievement Test Scores

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha

Download Presentation

Benefits of Preschool Education

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Benefits of preschool education l.jpg

Benefits of Preschool Education

W. Steven Barnett, Director

National Institute for Early Education Research

Rutgers—The State University of New Jersey

For further information go to our website:

www.nieer.org


Preschool s benefits l.jpg

Preschool’s Benefits

  • Increased Achievement Test Scores

  • Improved Behavior and Attitudes

  • Decreased Grade Retention

  • Decreased Special Education

  • Decreased Crime & Delinquency

  • Increased High School Graduation


Three exemplary studies l.jpg

Three Exemplary Studies

High/Scope Perry Preschool– a half-day program on a small scale in the Ypsilanti, MI public schools

True Experiment, n=123, follow-up to age 27

Abecedarian educational child care– a full-day year-round program in Chapel Hill, NC

True Experiment, n=111, follow-up to age 21

Chicago-Child Parent Centers (CPC)– a half-day program on a large scale in the Chicago public schools

Quasi-Experimental, n=1286, follow-up to age 18-21


Perry preschool iq over time l.jpg

Perry Preschool IQ Over Time


Perry preschool educational effects l.jpg

Perry Preschool: Educational Effects


Perry arrests per person by age 27 l.jpg

Perry: Arrests Per Person by Age 27


Perry economic benefits at age 27 l.jpg

Perry: Economic Benefits at Age 27


Abecedarian iq scores over time l.jpg

Abecedarian IQ Scores Over Time


Slide9 l.jpg

Abecedarian Reading Ach. Over Time


Slide10 l.jpg

Abecedarian Math Achievement Over Time


Abecedarian academic benefits l.jpg

Abecedarian : Academic Benefits


Abecedarian benefits to mothers and children l.jpg

Abecedarian: Benefits to Mothers and Children


Cpc academic benefits l.jpg

CPC Academic Benefits


Cpc social benefits l.jpg

CPC Social Benefits


Perry economic return to the public excludes 20 000 in economic benefits to participants l.jpg

Perry: Economic Return to the Public(excludes $20,000 in economic benefits to participants)


Abecedarian economic return l.jpg

Abecedarian: Economic Return


Cpc economic return l.jpg

CPC: Economic Return


Cost benefit analysis of preschool for disadvantaged children l.jpg

Cost – Benefit Analysis of Preschool for Disadvantaged Children

Cost Benefit to Society

  • Perry Preschool: $12,000$108,000

  • Abecedarian: $35,864$136,000

  • CPC: $7,000$ 48,000

    All three studies find that economic benefits from intensive, high-quality programs to taxpayers and participants combined far exceed the cost of high-quality programs (comparable to the cost of public education generally).


Education challenges l.jpg

Education Challenges

  • Many Children Start School with Significant Academic Disadvantages

  • Many Social and Emotional Problems Are Evident Prior to School Entry

  • High School Graduation Declined 40 Years

  • College Graduation Rate Flat for 25 Years


Middle class children at risk too l.jpg

Middle Class Children At Risk Too

Middle class children have fairly high rates of academic problems preschool reduces for low-income children.

Reducing these problems could generate large benefits.

IncomeRetention Dropout

Lowest 20%17% 23%

20-80% 12% 11%

Highest 20% 8% 3%

Source:US Department of Education, NCES (1997). Dropout rates in the United States: 1995. Figures are multi-year averages.


Most children attend preschool l.jpg

Most Children Attend Preschool


Preschool attendance by mother s education l.jpg

Preschool Attendance by Mother’s Education


Preschool classroom quality is too low l.jpg

Preschool Classroom Quality is Too Low

Excellent

Good

Minimal


Child care teacher literacy is low l.jpg

Child Care Teacher Literacy is Low


Conclusions l.jpg

Conclusions

  • Preschool produces cognitive and social emotional gains for children (at least disadvantaged)

  • Quality preschool education can be a good economic investment

  • Most 3-4 year old children already attend some type of classroom

  • Access and quality must be improved if society is to obtain the returns


ad
  • Login