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Paul Henry Citizenship & Immigration Canada Joint WTO-World Bank Symposium on Movement of Natural Persons (Mode 4) Under the GATS April 2002

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Mode 4 Through a Canadian Immigration Policy Lens. Paul Henry Citizenship & Immigration Canada Joint WTO-World Bank Symposium on Movement of Natural Persons (Mode 4) Under the GATS April 2002. Overview. Introduction Policy Contexts Intersect

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slide1

Mode 4

Through a Canadian

Immigration Policy Lens

Paul Henry

Citizenship & Immigration Canada

Joint WTO-World Bank Symposium on

Movement of Natural Persons (Mode 4) Under the GATS

April 2002

slide2

Overview

  • Introduction
  • Policy Contexts Intersect
  • Role of Immigration & Labour Policy Officials
  • Immigration Perspective
  • Answers to WTO Secretariat Questions
slide3

Introduction

Objectives:

  • Better understanding of policy contexts : trade, immigration & labour market
  • Avoid zero-sum game/adversarial relationships
  • Find common interests & ways to increase mode 4 liberalization
  • Complementary results serving various interests (trade, immigration, labour market, developing countries, business)
slide4

Mode 4 Issues

Policy Contexts Intersect

Immigration

Trade

Labour

slide5

Immigration & Labour Policy Officials

Role in Mode 4 Discussions

  • Important partners
  • Provide better appreciation of mode 4 issues:
    • Assess commitments
    • Explain ineffective commitments
    • Decipher national regimes on temporary entry
    • Clarify problems cited by business
  • Help make progress
slide6

Immigration Policy Context

CIC Business Lines

  • Maximizing benefits of international migration
    • Selection of economic immigrants
    • Family reunification
    • Admission of visitors (tourists, foreign students & temporary workers)
  • Upholding Canada\'s humanitarian tradition (refugee determination)
  • Promoting integration of newcomers (settlement)
  • Managing access to Canada (enforcement)
slide7

Immigration Policy

  • Inward focus
  • Security & enforcement priorities
  • Skilled workers for economic viability
  • Domestic catalysts open rules
  • International trade perspective is low

Trade Policy

  • Inward/outward focus
  • Mode 4 issues
  • Globalization liberalization
  • Trade agenda pushing on immigration doors

Immigration & Trade Policy Contexts

Snapshots

slide8

CIC Views on International Trade Agreements

  • Support for Canada’s international trade agenda
  • Concerns:
  • Special rules in trade agreements
  • Lack of transparency of commitments
  • Preference for general provisions & policy flexibility
  • Willingness to bind for benefit
slide9

WTO Secretariat’s Questions

Brief Answers

  • Changes to facilitate mode 4
  • Problems & solutions
  • Contribution of GATS members
slide10

Main Points

  • Trade, immigration & labour officials are partners not adversaries
  • Immigration/labour officials provide insight & progress on mode 4 issues
  • Trade officials should involve immigration/labour officials as much as possible
slide11

Better understanding of policy contexts more effective mode 4 commitments (complementary results)

Main Points

  • Objective is more effective commitments:
  • Facilitating temporary entry
  • Avoiding increased burden for immigration officials & business people
  • Covering more categories of business people
  • Reducing/eliminating labour market tests/work permits
  • Clearer information for business travelers on application processes & requirements
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