Web server administration
Download
1 / 32

Powerpoint Basic Web Admin - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 465 Views
  • Updated On :

Web Server Administration. Chapter 1 The Basics of Server and Web Server Administration. Overview. Review the Internet and the World Wide Web Learn about server administration Learn about Web server administration Explore the common tasks and services performed by administrators

Related searches for Powerpoint Basic Web Admin

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Powerpoint Basic Web Admin' - Renfred


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Web server administration l.jpg

Web Server Administration

Chapter 1

The Basics of Server and Web Server Administration


Overview l.jpg
Overview

  • Review the Internet and the World Wide Web

  • Learn about server administration

  • Learn about Web server administration

  • Explore the common tasks and services performed by administrators

  • Examine networking building blocks

  • Compare Web server platforms


Review the internet and the world wide web l.jpg
Review the Internet and the World Wide Web

  • The Internet is a worldwide network of networks

    • Shares WAN used by the international telecommunications network

    • Uses TCP/IP

  • Where the Internet uses the HTTP protocol, it is called the Web

    • Web servers use HTTP to communicate

  • The Internet is not centrally controlled


Review the internet and the world wide web4 l.jpg
Review the Internet and the World Wide Web

  • Internet had its origins in the 1960s

  • In 1995 a high-speed backbone was created

    • Included 4 network access points (NAPs)

    • More have been created since then

  • Now much Internet traffic is handled without going through NAPs

    • Peering agreements allow this


Understanding server administration l.jpg
Understanding Server Administration

  • Server administrators

    • Focus on the LAN

    • Provide access to software and services

    • Make sure environment is reliable and consistent

    • Minimize harm that users can do to network


Working with users l.jpg
Working with Users

  • A LAN can server hundreds or even thousands of users

  • Users need to be productive

  • Users like consistency

    • Roaming profiles allow users to have the same personalized desktop environment on multiple computers


Establishing access control l.jpg
Establishing Access Control

  • Users need just enough access to do their jobs, but not more

  • Typically, users are organized into groups, and groups are given access to network resources

  • Users can be given different access to the same resources

    • A document can be read by everyone but modified by only specific people


Understanding the server environment l.jpg
Understanding the Server Environment

  • All but the smallest network includes more than one server

  • With Windows computers, servers and users’ computers can be organized into domains in order to centralize control

  • In Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003, domains can be grouped into forests


Understanding web server administration l.jpg
Understanding Web server Administration

  • Web server administrators focus on the Internet

    • Need to work with ISPs and Web page developers

  • Typically, a Web server provides information to anyone who requests it over the Internet

  • Web servers can contain other applications such as FTP and e-mail


Understanding web server administration10 l.jpg
Understanding Web server Administration

  • Depending on the size of the organization, some tasks may be delegated

    • Web page development

    • Database design

    • Programming

    • E-mail administration

    • Security


Selecting programs and databases l.jpg
Selecting Programs and Databases

  • Web server administrators need to install programming languages

  • Web developers use a variety of languages

    • Active Server Pages (ASP)

      • Original language from Microsoft

    • ASP.Net

      • A newer environment that includes many languages

    • Java Server Pages (JSP)


Selecting programs and databases12 l.jpg
Selecting Programs and Databases

  • Non-Microsoft languages are popular, even on Microsoft Web servers

    • Perl – one of the first and still popular

    • PHP – easy to use

    • Java Server Pages (JSP)

    • Macromedia ColdFusion


Selecting programs and databases13 l.jpg
Selecting Programs and Databases

  • A database management system (DBMS) is used to store data used with Web pages

    • Microsoft Access is appropriate for small sites

    • Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle 9i, and MySQL are sophisticated DBMSs for larger sites

  • Standard Query Language (SQL) is the language used to communicate with the DBMS


Managing e mail servers l.jpg
Managing E-mail Servers

  • Open by design to accept e-mail from anyone

  • Spam can be a problem to manage

    • Specific utilities can be used to help minimize spam

  • Viruses are commonly sent by e-mail

    • Use virus detection software and keep it updated


Other applications l.jpg
Other Applications

  • Firewall

    • Helps protect your Web server environment from attack

  • FTP

    • A service that allows users to download files from and upload files to a server

  • DNS

    • Translates host names such as www.technowidgets.com to an IP address


Administrators common tasks and services l.jpg
Administrators' Common Tasks and Services

  • Installing and configuring systems

  • Maintaining security

  • Monitoring the system

  • Maintenance and backup




Tcp ip protocols l.jpg
TCP/IP Protocols

  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

    • Web servers implement this protocol

  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)

    • Used by e-mail servers (and sometimes Web servers) to send e-mail

  • Post Office Protocol Version 3 (POP3)

    • Used to retrieve e-mail


Tcp ip protocols20 l.jpg
TCP/IP Protocols

  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

    • Transfers files to and from server

  • Domain Name Service (DNS)

    • Translates host names to IP addresses and IP addresses to host names

  • Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)

    • Creates a reliable connection between two computers


Tcp ip protocols21 l.jpg
TCP/IP Protocols

  • User Datagram Protocol (UDP)

    • Does not establish a connection, just sends messages

  • Internet Protocol (IP)

    • Provides addressing scheme

  • Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)

    • Provides error messages


Connecting your lan to the internet l.jpg
Connecting Your LAN to the Internet

  • Your ISP connects to the Internet

  • A WAN connection is used between your building and the ISP

  • A T-Carrier connection is often used

    • A digital connection for voice and data




Other ways to connect to the internet l.jpg
Other ways to Connect to the Internet

  • Integrated services digital network (ISDN)

    • Dial-up access

    • Basic Rate Interface (BRI) up to 128 Kbps

    • Primary Rate Interface (PRI) up to 1.544 Mbps

  • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)

    • Often differing speeds for uploads and downloads

    • Depending on type, up to 6.1 Mbps for downloads and 1.544 Mbps for uploads

  • Cable Modem

    • Shared access cable provided by cable TV company


Web hosting solutions l.jpg
Web Hosting Solutions

  • Standard hosting

    • Your site resides on the same computer with many other sites

    • Cheapest solution

  • Dedicated server

    • You have a server that only you use

  • Co-location

    • Your own server is physically located at the company that does your Web hosting


Web server platforms microsoft l.jpg
Web Server Platforms-Microsoft

  • Windows NT (IIS 4)

    • IIS (Internet Information Server) was added in the mid-1990s, and support for ASP was added later

  • Windows 2000 (IIS 5)

    • IIS part of the OS from the beginning

    • .NET Framework add-on allows use of ASP.NET

  • Windows Server 2003 (IIS 6)

    • .NET Framework integrated into OS


Other microsoft server products l.jpg
Other Microsoft Server Products

  • Application Center

    • Allows you to manage a cluster of servers as if it is one server

  • Biztalk Server

    • Connects to your business partners using XML

  • Commerce Server

    • Builds e-commerce sites in a short amount of time


Other microsoft server products29 l.jpg
Other Microsoft Server Products

  • Internet Security and Acceleration Server

    • Combines a firewall product with a Web cache

  • Operations Manager

    • Helps decrease support costs for a server environment

  • SharePoint Portal Server

    • Set up a site that is highly personalized


Unix linux l.jpg
UNIX/Linux

  • UNIX was introduced in 1969

  • Linux is from the early 1990s

    • Based on MINIX

  • Three basic components

    • Kernel – central portion of OS

    • File system – provides input and output mechanisms

    • Shell – provides user interface


Linux l.jpg
Linux

  • Source code is freely available

    • Developers can make changes

  • Available from a number of organizations

    • Red Hat

    • Mandrake

    • SuSe


Summary l.jpg
Summary

  • Server administration focuses on LANs

  • Web server administration focuses on the Internet

  • Both types of administrators install, configure, and maintain servers

  • Many pieces make up the network

  • There are many Web server platforms from which to choose


ad