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Iceland – Integrating Technology, Needs, and Responsibility For Sustainable Living. Amish & Jen Dedicated to Team Daedalian And 1 car 1. Overview of Topics:. Iceland’s Identity Industries Land Development Iceland’s Resources Biota – plants, animals, and fish

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iceland integrating technology needs and responsibility for sustainable living

Iceland – Integrating Technology, Needs, and Responsibility For Sustainable Living

Amish & Jen

Dedicated to Team Daedalian

And 1 car 1

overview of topics
Overview of Topics:
  • Iceland’s Identity
  • Industries
  • Land Development
  • Iceland’s Resources
  • Biota – plants, animals, and fish
  • Image – tourism and the economy
  • The Government and Energy Plan
  • Pollution
  • Iceland – Today and Tomorrow
iceland s identity
Iceland’s Identity:
  • Energy Independence
  • International acceptance of venture
    • Money
    • Infrastructure
  • Ministry of the Environment
  • Tradeoffs
    • Power Plants
industry

Industry

Fishing

Natural Resources

Land

Encourage Business Investment

besides
Besides
  • Aluminum Smelting
  • Ferrosilicon
  • Renewable Energy
  • Software, Biotech
land development
Land Development
  • Birth to death ratio ~ 2+
  • Alcoa and the East
  • Job Creation
  • Maintain clean image
iceland s resources
Iceland’s Resources:
  • Iceland is a geologically young land mass
    • 2 million years old.
    • Lacks conventional resources
  • Oil issues
    • 90% of citizens live on the coast
    • High monetary cost
    • Economic fishing zone
  • Abandoning oil
iceland s past
Iceland’s Past:
  • Clean and Untouched
    • Current reputation that transcends all sectors
  • Dirty Past
    • Answered to “The Man” at one time
  • Willingness to change
    • Vulnerability
biota
Biota
  • Destructive past
    • Birch Forests
    • Wetlands
    • Red listed
      • 51 / 458 vascular plants types
      • 32 / 75 birds types
mammals
Mammals
  • Arctic Fox
  • American Mink
  • Water Rail (mink and wetland draining)
slide11
Fish
  • Most important resource
  • “For the fish”

Land

  • Land pollution affects marine environment
  • Untouched to save what remains
  • Rewetting the “Dry lands”
  • National Parks , pride, and aluminum
iceland s image
Iceland’s Image:
  • Tourism
    • Clean and unspoiled
    • Outnumbering
  • Fishing
    • Before geothermal there was fishing…
      • VALUABLE RESOURCE
    • 70% of exported goods
    • Stringent regulations
      • Cod, haddock, saithe, redfish, herring, and capelin.
iceland s image13
Iceland’s Image:
  • High Standard of Living
    • Decoupling of economics and environmental degradation
    • Virtually no poverty
  • Street Interviews
    • Government Agencies
    • Citizens
      • Willingness to pay! Can you believe it?
iceland s image14
Iceland’s Image:
  • The Blue Lagoon
    • “Hottest” tourist attraction
    • Geothermal power plant affluent
      • Compare to U.S.A.
    • Not in the master plan
      • Profits in the end.
government
Government:
  • Not of U.S. tradition
  • Althingi – 930.
    • Thingvellir
      • Mid Atlantic Ridge
  • 1944 – Republic of Iceland
    • Dissolved relations with the Danish Monarchy
government fishing rights
Government – fishing rights:
  • Transitions
    • Trade monopolies, natural disasters, and pollution
  • 1952
    • Extent of fishing rights were 4 miles off the coast
  • Today
    • 200 miles off the coast
government17
Government:
  • Still not a part of the European Union
    • Fishing right impingement fears
  • Part of the European Economic Area
    • Allowed to trade and sell in the European arena
energy plan
Energy Plan:
  • Government regulates the energy industry
  • 90% of heat
    • Thorsteinn Jonsson
  • Clean and Price Competitive
    • 5-6 Kronas 1 Krona= .01318 USD
    • Equivalent to 6.6 to 7.8 cents per kWh
    • U.S. pays 4 to 9.5 cents
  • ISO 14000
energy plan19
Energy Plan:
  • Hydrogen Economy is coming!
    • 15, 470 barrels of oil
    • Time
    • Infrastructure
    • Embracing
      • Transition in recent memory
environmental plans
Environmental Plans:
  • Reykjavik Conference on Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem
  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas
  • United Nations Global Program of Action
pollution
Pollution
  • Marine pollution comes from the land
    • Sewage  Low commitment
    • Persistent Organic Pollutants ***
      • PCB, DDT, HCH
      • Industry, agriculture
      • Stockholm Convention, PCB, dioxins
pollution22
Pollution
  • Heavy Metals
    • Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn
    • Cod, mussels
  • Radioactive Substances
    • Testing
    • Sellafield nuclear reprocessing
    • Chernobyl
    • Medicine
pollution23
Pollution
  • Oil
    • Unreported
    • Utilize renewable Energy
hydrogen economy
Hydrogen Economy
  • Transportation ~ 80% oil
  • Icelandic Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Co.
    • 3 buses …….. 80
  • H2 generation  Electricity can supply 22% needs
  • Plenty of room to expand
hydrogen economy25
Hydrogen Economy
  • Cleaner image
  • Small population + lots of cars
  • Lower Greenhouse emissions

1 Hydrogen 1

1 Car 1

iceland today and tomorrow
Iceland Today and Tomorrow:
  • Taking away subsidies
  • Kyoto Protocol
    • Eliminate transportation emissions
  • U.N. Convention on Bio-Diversity
    • BIOICE
  • OECD
    • Sustainable development
iceland today and tomorrow27
Iceland Today and Tomorrow:
  • Geothermal Training Program
  • Leader in environmental conservation
  • Is Iceland ahead of its time, or is the rest of the world just really behind?
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