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Georgia Breast and Cervical Cancer Program. Developed by Olga Lucia Jimenez, BS State Public Education Senior Manager American Cancer Society Presented by the University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service. What Is Cancer ?. Cancer is the name given to a large number of diseases.

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georgia breast and cervical cancer program
Georgia Breast and Cervical Cancer Program

Developed by

Olga Lucia Jimenez, BS

State Public Education

Senior Manager

American Cancer Society

Presented by the University of Georgia

Cooperative Extension Service

slide2

What Is Cancer ?

  • Cancer is the name given to a large number of diseases.
did you know that
Did you know that?
  • One out of two American men will develop cancer
  • One out of three American women will develop cancer
known cancer causes
KNOWN CANCER CAUSES
  • Smoking causes 87% of all lung cancers and 30% of all cancers
  • Poor diet and little exercise are related to 30% of all cancers
georgia cancer facts
GEORGIA CANCER FACTS
  • Georgia ranks among 12th in new cancer diagnoses and 26thhighest in cancer mortality among 50 states
  • 31,000+ Georgians developed cancer
  • 13,600 Georgians died of Cancer ____________________________

Source: American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts & Figures 2001

every day in georgia
EVERY DAY IN GEORGIA
  • 90 people develop cancer
  • 38 people die from cancer
  • $2.1 million is spent for cancer care
slide8

Breast Cancer Facts

  • 2nd leading cause of death
  • 2nd most common cancer
  • Incidence increases with age
  • All women are at risk
slide9

Breast Cancer in USA

One out ofeight American women will be diagnosed with breast cancer

breast cancer in georgia
Breast Cancer in Georgia
  • It is the most common cancer in Georgia women.
  • It is the second cause of death.
  • Every year in Georgia over 5,200 women are diagnosed with this disease
  • Every year over 1,100 died of breast cancer

_________________________________________________________

Sources: Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Registry, 2003

breast cancer in georgia11
Breast Cancer in Georgia

Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates by Race,

US (1996-2000) and GA (1999-2000; 1997-2001)

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.

breast cancer in georgia12
Breast Cancer in Georgia

Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Age Group

Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Age Group

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.

slide13

Breast Cancer Risk Factorsthat cannot be changed

Age

GENDER - All

women are

at risk

Reproductive

History

Family/Personal

History

Menstrual

History

Race

Radiation

Treatment with

DES

Genetic

Factors

slide14

Breast Cancer Risk Factorsthat can be controlled

Obesity

All

women are

at risk

Not having

children

Exercise

Breastfeeding

Birth Control

Pills

Hormone

Replacement

Therapy

Alcohol

slide15

A Good Breast Health Plan

  • Mammograms
  • Clinical Breast Examination
  • Self Awareness (Monthly Self Exams)
slide16

Mammography

Average-size lump found by woman practicing occasional breast self-exam (BSE)

Average-size lump found by woman practicing regular breast self-exam (BSE)

Average-size lump found by first mammogram

Average-size lump found by getting regular mammograms

slide17

Warning Signs

Warning signs and symptoms:

  • Painless lump or thickening
  • Thickening or swelling that persist
  • Nipple pain or retraction
  • Breast skin irritation or dimpling
  • Spontaneous discharge

Early breast cancer

may not have symptoms.

slide18

American Cancer SocietyScreening Recommendations

  • Annual mammograms, starting at age 40
  • Clinical breast exams
    • every year starting at age 40
    • every 3 years for women age 20-39
  • Self-breast exams monthly, starting at age 20
breast cancer treatments
Surgery

Chemotheraphy

Radiation Therapy

Hormone Theraphy

Immunotherapy

Breast Cancer Treatments
slide21

What Is Cervical Cancer?

It is the growth of cancerous cells in or around the cervix.

This type of cancer is one of the few that can be easily detected before it spreads.

slide22

Who Is More At Risk Of Developing Cervical Cancer?

In addition to being a woman, age and race, you are more at risk if:

  • Had sex before you were 18 years of age
  • Have had many sexual partners, or having sex with men who have had many partners.
  • Have had an abnormal Pap smear in the past
  • Have had sexual transmitted diseases, like Human Papiloma virus, herpes, or HIV/AIDS
  • Cannot afford a Pap test
  • Cigarette smoking
  • A diet that is low in fruits and vegetables
slide23

Cervical Cancer And The Human Papiloma Virus (HPV)

  • HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease. This virus infects normal cells and change them.
  • It is the risk factor most commonly associated with cervical cancer.
  • However, scientists believe that there are additional factors that cause cervical cancer.
slide25

What You Should Do To Prevent Cervical Cancer?

  • Delay sex until adulthood
  • Know your sexual partner
  • Avoid having multiple sex partners
  • Use condoms when having sex
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables
  • Stop smoking
  • Have regular Pap tests!
cervical cancer detection
1. Pap Test (Following the American Cancer Society guidelines for screening)

2. Pelvic Exam

Cervical Cancer Detection

A good prevention plan includes:

slide27

How Often Should I Have A Pap Test?

The American Cancer Society recommends:

  • All women should begin screening about 3 years after they begin having sex, but not later than when they are 21 years old.
  • Beginning at age 30, women who have had 3 normal results in a row may get the test every 2-3 years.
slide28

How Often Should I Have A Pap Test?

The American Cancer Society recommends:

  • Women 70 tears of age or older who have had 3 or more normal test results in a row (and no abnormal test in the last 10 years) may not need to continue having the Pap test.
  • Women who have had a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus and cervix) for reasons other than having cancer or a precancerous lesion may not need to continue having Pap tests.
cervical cancer in usa
Cervical Cancer in USA

One out of 125 American women will develop cervical cancer in her lifetime

cervical cancer facts in georgia
Cervical Cancer Facts in Georgia
  • Cervical cancer is the eigth most common cause of cancer
  • Every year are over 430 new cases diagnosed
  • Every year over 130 Georgia women died of this disease

_________________________________________________________

Sources: Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Registry, 2003

cervical cancer in georgia
Cervical Cancer in Georgia

Cervical Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates by Race,

US (1996-2000) and GA (1999-2000; 1997-2001)

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.

cervical cancer in georgia32
Cervical Cancer in Georgia

Georgia Cervical Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Age Group

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.

cervical cancer treatments
Cervical Cancer Treatments
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
slide34

ACS Nutrition Guidelines

  • Eat a variety of healthful foods, with an emphasis on plant sources.
  • Adopt a physically active lifestyle.
  • Maintain a healthful weight throughout life.
  • If you drink alcoholic beverages, limit consumptions.
slide35
Georgia

Breast and Cervical Cancer Program =BreasTEST & MORE (BTM)

slide36

BreasTEST & More

  • CDC funded program.
  • Provides access to no or low-cost screening tests for:
          • Breast cancer.
          • Cervical cancer.
  • Help with some diagnostic procedures and treatment.
slide37

BreasTEST & More

  • It is important to know that:
  • Part of the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP).
  • Supported with state and federal funds (CDC).
  • Every year BTM screens 15,000+
slide40

Who Qualifies for BTM?

  • Women who
    • are uninsured
    • have income at or below 200% of poverty, and are:
    • are 40 to 64 years of age
    • are younger than 40, with symptoms highly suspicious of breast
    • 18 and older or who are sexually active
    • for cervical cancer
slide41

How Does It Work?

  • At the Health Department,
  • the staff will:
  • Determine if the woman qualifies for services.
  • Provide CBE, Pap Tests, Pelvic Exams.
  • Schedule Mammograms at local facilities.
  • Make referrals for diagnostic work-up and treatment as needed.
  • Provide case management.
  • Assist women with application for WHMP
slide42

Why Get Screened?

  • Breast cancer diagnosed and treated at a local stage the 5-year survival rate is 97%!
  • Pre-cancerous cervical lesions or early cervical cancer have a survival rate of almost 100%!

Routine screening can prevent approximately 15-30% of all deaths from breast cancer among women 40 & older, and virtually ALL deaths from cervical cancer.

slide43

Women’s Health Medicaid Program(WHMP)

  • Funded by the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Prevention and Treatment Act of 2000 with matching funds appropriated by the state.
  • A partnership of the Georgia Department of Human Resources and the Georgia Department of Community Health.
slide44

Women’s Health Medicaid ProgramWho Qualifies?

  • Women eligible for the Georgia Breast and Cervical Cancer Program (BCCP)
    • 18 – 64 years of age
    • At or below 200% of the Federal Poverty Level.
    • Uninsured.
  • Georgia residents who are U.S. citizens or qualified aliens who meet the eligibility requirements of the BTM
slide45

Who Qualifies? - continued

  • Women diagnosed with breast or cervical cancer or cervical pre-cancer (CIN II and CIN III).
  • Women screened by BCCP or any other provider.
slide46

What Is The Process?

  • County health departments and private BCCP providers
    • inform women about WHMP
    • determine BCCP eligibility
    • help women complete the presumptive eligibility form for Medicaid.
slide47

What Services Are Provided by WHMP?

  • Eligible women receive full service Medicaid, including:
    • Cancer treatment
    • Treatment for other illnesses
    • Transportation
    • Case Management.

Full benefits end when cancer

treatment is completed

slide48

American Cancer Society

Mission

The American Cancer Society is the nationwide, community-based, voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem by preventing cancer, saving lives and diminishing suffering from cancer, through research, education, advocacy, and service.

american cancer society south atlantic division inc
American Cancer SocietySouth Atlantic Division, Inc.

Programs

  • Quality of Life
    • Information & Referral via 1-800-ACS-2345
    • Reach to Recovery
  • Prevention and Early Detection
    • CDC Breast & Cervical Cancer Program
    • Tell A Friend
  • Relay for Life – A Celebration of Survivorship
american cancer society southatlantic division inc
American Cancer SocietySouthAtlantic Division, Inc.

Programs (Cont.)

  • Advocacy
  • Community Development Project Grants
  • Information & Referral Resources
    • 1-800-ACS-2345 (Links to Southeast Patient Navigation Center for Delivery of Services)
    • www.cancer.org (Links to Cancer Survivors Network)
slide51

The Existing Partnership between ACS and BTM

Both ACS and BCCP were reaching the same focused populations and both have a common goal to increase breast and cervical cancer screening among the low-income, unisured and underinsured women in Georgia

georgia is part of a national pilot
Georgia is part of a National Pilot ...

To establish partnership with Extension Services

  • Georgia BCCP, ACS, Extension staff participated in the National Training
  • Since then we have met several times as a group and individually with UGA and FVSU staff
slide54

The ACS/BCCP Partnership is blooming across the state

We hope ACS/BCCP & USDA Partnership will bloom as well

slide55

How Can You Help?

You have an important piece of the puzzle ...

Your communities!!!!!

slide56

Certainly You Can Help ...

  • By helping us the spread the information
    • Breast and Cervical Cancer Information
    • BreasTEST & MORE
    • Women’s Health Medicaid Program
  • By working in collaboration with your local ACS and/or BCCP Providers
slide57

Our Materials Are Free...

  • To order:
  • ACS materials – Contact your local ACS office
  • DHR Materials – Contact Lisa Moery 404-657-0614
slide58

For More Information

For more information

1

-

800

-

ACS

-

2345

www.cancer.org

19

slide59

“Coming together is the beginning.

Keeping together is progress. Working together is success.”

-Henry Ford

slide60
Olga Lucia Jimenez

State Public Education Coordinator

2200 Lake Boulevard

Atalnta, Ga 30319

404- 949-6454

[email protected]

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