Decentralization process in timor leste l.jpg
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 14

Decentralization process in Timor-Leste PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Travel / Places

Decentralization process in Timor-Leste. How did it happen?. Presented by: Miguel Pereira de Carvalho, National Director for Local development and Territorial Management, MSATM. Email to: Website: Country Context - History.

Download Presentation

Decentralization process in Timor-Leste

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Decentralization process inTimor-Leste

How did it happen?

Presented by:

Miguel Pereira de Carvalho,

National Director for Local development and Territorial Management, MSATM.

Email to:


Country Context - History

  • Historical facts:

    • Portuguese colonial rule (1615 – 1975)

    • Indonesian colonial rule (1975 – 1999)

    • UN Transitional Administration (1999 - 2002)

    • Independence (2002)

  • Since Independence Timor-Leste has focused on establishing new national institutions and legal framework  still ongoing

Country Context - Legacy of the UN

  • The UN Transitional Administration was very centralized & the present system inherited many of the same features;

  • Very few timorese had high level management experience prior to 2002  lack of sufficient human resources remains a problem

  • Although the development process has started very little has happened outside the capital Dili;

  • Strong need to enforce service delivery outside the capital  the means to do so is through decentralization

Country Context - Decentralization

  • Work on decentralization & local government commenced in 2003  still ongoing

  • Constitutional commitment for decentralization:

    • Article 5 – “the State shall respect the principle of decentralisation of public administration”

    • Article 72 - Local government is constituted by corporate bodies vested with representative organs

  • Great optimism for this process since both the former and the new Government supports decentralization

Local Government Option Study (LGOS)

  • LGOS provided the ground for the needed discussion and decisions in regard to a LG system for TL;

  • The LGOS laid out six options and a methodology on how to evaluate the options vis-à-vis the objectives of Gov;

  • The success of the LGOS was that it did not make one recommendation, but provided room for internal discussions among key stakeholders  ownership of the final decisions

Local Development Programme (LDP)

  • Although LGOS provided the base, it did not succeed to bring all the skeptics over;

  • The decision to establish the LDP is therefore seen as a second key choice

  • The LDP has been successful – not necessary because of the capital investments – but because it has proven that local level:

    • is not necessary corrupt;

    • that capacity can be developed;

    • can make good decision;

    • can plan and implement their decisions;

    • is more efficient than we thought.

Lessons Learnt:

  • A key lesson from LGOS and LDP is that:

    • the combination of policy development and practical experiences needs to go hand in hand;

    • The process has to be owned by the Government;

    • The policy piloting has to be part of a Government framework and be channeled to the decision makers;

  • These factors has now been combined through LGSP;

  • Recent initiatives to strengthen its commitment to this process:

    • Establishment of National Directorate for Local Development and Territorial Management

    • “Take-over” of LDP as a fully funded Government programme  $2.3 million in 2010

Local Government Policy

Policy II (March 2008)

  • One tier of local government = municipalities;

  • Using present District boundaries to establish the municipalities;

  • 13 Municipalities will be established;

  • Establishing Municipal Assemblies through direct elections

  • Headed by a Municipal Mayor;

  • Speaker will chair the MA;

  • Executive Secretary will run daily operations of the Municipal Administration;

  • Assigning appropriate service delivery functions to Municipalities;

  • Providing Municipalities with some authority over sector departments and their staff;

  • Providing Municipalities with appropriate financing and fiscal arrangements

From policy to legislative process and what yet to come









Former Government Policy on LG approved

Submission of 3 Draft legislations to NP

Aproval of Law on Administrative Division

  • New Government policy

  • TWG reports

  • 2“White papers”

  • 3 Law proposals

  • DSF 2

  • National consultations

  • Aproval by CoM on Draft Laws


Aproval of Local Gov Law adn Municipal Election Laws

1batch municipal elections

LGOS & establishment of IMTWG

  • Approval DSF 1

  • Sectoral TWG established

  • National consultations

Practical lessons

LDP (13 districts)

Closing LDP

From policy to legislative framework - Decentralization Strategic Framework (DSF)

  • DSF or the decentralization road map has been key to our success…

  • So, why have DSF 1 & 2 been so important:

    • Provide an agreement on Government strategy on HOW to implement the LG reform process across Government Ministries;

    • Ensure coordination of activities across Ministries and other key partners;

    • Local understand of key activities and timeframe the LG reform

From policy to legislative framework - Decentralization Strategic Framework (DSF)

  • DSF 1: Legislative process – what needed to be done and how to get there

    • We got there – 3 law proposals submitted

    • Now the real work starts Implementation

  • DSF 2: Implementation of the reform – identification of follow-up activities such as:

    • Legal drafting (subsidiary legislation)

    • Fiscal framework and mechanics

    • Capacity building initiatives

    • Communications need and strategies

    • Allocation of Gov responsibilities

    • Framework for donor support

    • Timeframe of the reform process

Factors shaping policy –Lessons from Timor-Leste

  • Constitutional commitment and framework;

  • Urgent need for rural communities to participate in the national development process;

  • Poverty reduction and urgent need to deliver services in rural areas;

  • Need to open up the political space;

  • Combination of policy development and practical experiences through programmes like LDP;

  • Time;

Factors shaping policy –Lessons from Timor-Leste

  • But by the end of the day….

  • …..and although majority of decision based on technical evaluation and recommendations….

  • ….eventually decisions shaping the policy were political in nature and have depended on the knowledge and agenda of those participating!

  • Obrigado barak

  • Login