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Decentralization process in Timor-Leste PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Decentralization process in Timor-Leste. How did it happen?. Presented by: Miguel Pereira de Carvalho, National Director for Local development and Territorial Management, MSATM. Email to: [email protected] Website: www.estatal.gov.tl. Country Context - History.

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Decentralization process in Timor-Leste

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Decentralization process inTimor-Leste

How did it happen?

Presented by:

Miguel Pereira de Carvalho,

National Director for Local development and Territorial Management, MSATM.

Email to: [email protected]

Website: www.estatal.gov.tl


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Country Context - History

  • Historical facts:

    • Portuguese colonial rule (1615 – 1975)

    • Indonesian colonial rule (1975 – 1999)

    • UN Transitional Administration (1999 - 2002)

    • Independence (2002)

  • Since Independence Timor-Leste has focused on establishing new national institutions and legal framework  still ongoing


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Country Context - Legacy of the UN

  • The UN Transitional Administration was very centralized & the present system inherited many of the same features;

  • Very few timorese had high level management experience prior to 2002  lack of sufficient human resources remains a problem

  • Although the development process has started very little has happened outside the capital Dili;

  • Strong need to enforce service delivery outside the capital  the means to do so is through decentralization


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Country Context - Decentralization

  • Work on decentralization & local government commenced in 2003  still ongoing

  • Constitutional commitment for decentralization:

    • Article 5 – “the State shall respect the principle of decentralisation of public administration”

    • Article 72 - Local government is constituted by corporate bodies vested with representative organs

  • Great optimism for this process since both the former and the new Government supports decentralization


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Local Government Option Study (LGOS)

  • LGOS provided the ground for the needed discussion and decisions in regard to a LG system for TL;

  • The LGOS laid out six options and a methodology on how to evaluate the options vis-à-vis the objectives of Gov;

  • The success of the LGOS was that it did not make one recommendation, but provided room for internal discussions among key stakeholders  ownership of the final decisions


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Local Development Programme (LDP)

  • Although LGOS provided the base, it did not succeed to bring all the skeptics over;

  • The decision to establish the LDP is therefore seen as a second key choice

  • The LDP has been successful – not necessary because of the capital investments – but because it has proven that local level:

    • is not necessary corrupt;

    • that capacity can be developed;

    • can make good decision;

    • can plan and implement their decisions;

    • is more efficient than we thought.


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Lessons Learnt:

  • A key lesson from LGOS and LDP is that:

    • the combination of policy development and practical experiences needs to go hand in hand;

    • The process has to be owned by the Government;

    • The policy piloting has to be part of a Government framework and be channeled to the decision makers;

  • These factors has now been combined through LGSP;

  • Recent initiatives to strengthen its commitment to this process:

    • Establishment of National Directorate for Local Development and Territorial Management

    • “Take-over” of LDP as a fully funded Government programme  $2.3 million in 2010


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Local Government Policy

Policy II (March 2008)

  • One tier of local government = municipalities;

  • Using present District boundaries to establish the municipalities;

  • 13 Municipalities will be established;

  • Establishing Municipal Assemblies through direct elections

  • Headed by a Municipal Mayor;

  • Speaker will chair the MA;

  • Executive Secretary will run daily operations of the Municipal Administration;

  • Assigning appropriate service delivery functions to Municipalities;

  • Providing Municipalities with some authority over sector departments and their staff;

  • Providing Municipalities with appropriate financing and fiscal arrangements


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From policy to legislative process and what yet to come

2002

2003

2004

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Former Government Policy on LG approved

Submission of 3 Draft legislations to NP

Aproval of Law on Administrative Division

  • New Government policy

  • TWG reports

  • 2“White papers”

  • 3 Law proposals

  • DSF 2

  • National consultations

  • Aproval by CoM on Draft Laws

Constitution

Aproval of Local Gov Law adn Municipal Election Laws

1batch municipal elections

LGOS & establishment of IMTWG

  • Approval DSF 1

  • Sectoral TWG established

  • National consultations

Practical lessons

LDP (13 districts)

Closing LDP


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From policy to legislative framework - Decentralization Strategic Framework (DSF)

  • DSF or the decentralization road map has been key to our success…

  • So, why have DSF 1 & 2 been so important:

    • Provide an agreement on Government strategy on HOW to implement the LG reform process across Government Ministries;

    • Ensure coordination of activities across Ministries and other key partners;

    • Local understand of key activities and timeframe the LG reform


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From policy to legislative framework - Decentralization Strategic Framework (DSF)

  • DSF 1: Legislative process – what needed to be done and how to get there

    • We got there – 3 law proposals submitted

    • Now the real work starts Implementation

  • DSF 2: Implementation of the reform – identification of follow-up activities such as:

    • Legal drafting (subsidiary legislation)

    • Fiscal framework and mechanics

    • Capacity building initiatives

    • Communications need and strategies

    • Allocation of Gov responsibilities

    • Framework for donor support

    • Timeframe of the reform process


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Factors shaping policy –Lessons from Timor-Leste

  • Constitutional commitment and framework;

  • Urgent need for rural communities to participate in the national development process;

  • Poverty reduction and urgent need to deliver services in rural areas;

  • Need to open up the political space;

  • Combination of policy development and practical experiences through programmes like LDP;

  • Time;


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Factors shaping policy –Lessons from Timor-Leste

  • But by the end of the day….

  • …..and although majority of decision based on technical evaluation and recommendations….

  • ….eventually decisions shaping the policy were political in nature and have depended on the knowledge and agenda of those participating!


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  • Obrigado barak


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