Women’s nutrient requirements increase during pregnancy as well as lactation, having an impact on the health of the newborn baby and the mother who gave birth. This is all about Woman’s nutrient, maternal health, healthy food during pregnancy, diet during lactation etc.
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Nutrition Needed During Pregnancy as well as Lactation
A Woman’s nutrient needs go up throughout pregnancy as well as lactation. A few of the increased
nutrient requirements protect maternal health, whereas others have an impact on birth outcome and
infant health. If these requirements are not met, the consequences can be severe for women and their
All mom-to-be call for healthy food during pregnancy as well as micronutrient supplements
When there is no increase in the nutrient consumption, in that case, the body’s reserves are used, leaving
an expecting woman weaker. Energy requirements increase in the 2nd and mainly the 3rd trimester of
pregnancy. Inadequate weight gain during pregnancy often causes low birth weight, which increases a
baby’s risk of dying. Expecting women require more iron, iodine, protein, vitamin A, folate, as well as other
nutrients, as well. Deficiencies of certain nutrients are related to motherly problems, fetal and baby loss,
defects during birth, and declined physical and mental capability of the child.
Lactation puts a lot of stress on maternal stores of energy, protein, as well as other nutrients. These stores
are supposed to be established, maintained, and replenished. Almost every mother, unless awfully
undernourished, can produce sufficient amounts of breastmilk. The energy, protein, as well as other
nutrients in breastmilk comes from a mom’s
nutrition or her own body stores. Females who do
not get sufficient nutrients in their foods suffer the
risk of maternal weakening. To avoid this, more
food must be given to the mother.
Maternal deficiencies of a few micronutrients can
have an impact on the quality of breastmilk. These
insufficiencies can be avoided if the mother mends
her diet before, in, and between cycles of
pregnancy as well as lactation, or takes
supplements. E.g., according to various studies
proper supplements increase vitamin A levels in
the mother, in her breastmilk, and in her baby.
Meeting Nutrient Requirements
Sufficient energy intake and a varied diet that consists of fruit, vegetables, and animal products all through
the life cycle help ensure that women enter pregnancy as well as lactation without deficiencies and get
sufficient nutrients during periods of intensified demand.
A few nutrient requirements, mainly iron, folic acid, and vitamin A, are harder to achieve than others
through food sources.
For this reason, supplements with these nutrients are suggested along with better diets to give healthy
nutrition during lactation to mothers and mothers to be.
These supplements are easily available in the market and are a good addition to the diet during lactation
as well as pregnancy.