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Taming Your Textbook. Academic Advising and Learning Resource Center. Workshop Objectives. To improve skills in identifying key information from textbooks To improve ability to retain information. Agenda. Study Tips Selecting a Study Environment Tips for Reading More Effectively

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Taming your textbook l.jpg

Taming Your Textbook

Academic Advising and Learning Resource Center


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Workshop Objectives

  • To improve skills in identifying key information from textbooks

  • To improve ability to retain information


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Agenda

  • Study Tips

  • Selecting a Study Environment

  • Tips for Reading More Effectively

  • The SQ3R Study Technique

  • Mnemonics

  • Integrating Class Notes with Text Material


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Study Tips

  • Don’t spend more than an hour at a time on one subject

  • Keep alert by taking rest breaks

  • Study similar subjects at separate times

  • Avoid studying during your sleepy times

  • Study at the most productive time for your course

  • Memorize actively, not passively

  • Use SQ3R Reading Method

  • Clue your lecture notes


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Controlling Your Study Environment

  • Pick a “Study Spot”

  • Before beginning, jot down the time you expect to finish

  • When your mind wanders, stand up and turn away from your books

  • Set aside a certain time each day to study

  • Don’t start unfinished business before studying

  • Set small, short-range goals for yourself

  • Keep a reminder pad – and stay relaxed


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Tips for Reading More Effectively

  • Forget “reading myths”

    • I have to read every word

    • Reading once is enough

    • You should never skip a passage

    • If you read rapidly, your comprehension will drop

  • Skim for the Main Ideas

    • Read title – does it give you clues?

    • Look carefully at headings and other “special items”


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When Reading Difficult Material…

  • Choose a moderate amount of material or a chapterto start with

  • Get a grasp of how the material is organized:

    • Scan the section titles, headings, sub-headings, and topic sentences to get its general idea; pay attention to graphs, charts, and diagrams

  • If there is a summary at the end of a chapter, read it.Check the beginning and the end for leading questions and exercises

  • Read first for what you do understand, and to determine difficulty.Mark what you do not understand to review later

  • As you read, practice the "look-away method:"Periodically look away from the text and ask yourself a stimulus question relating to the text.

    • use this exercise to memorize--but rather understand


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When Reading Difficult Material…

  • Look up words whose meanings are important to your understanding of the material, but you cannot discern from the context.

  • Read to the end

    • Do not get discouraged and stop reading

    • Ideas can become clearer the more you read.

    • When you finish reading, review to see what you have learned, and reread those ideas that are not clear.

  • Organize your notes by connecting ideasPay attention to relationships between ideas.

  • Do not confine yourself to words!Use representations, graphics, pictures, colors, even movement to visualize and connect ideas.  Use whatever techniques work to help you understand


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If you’re still struggling…

  • At this point, if you do not understand your reading, do not panic! 

    • Set it aside, and read it again the next day

    • If necessary, repeat. 

      • This allows your brain to process the material, even while you sleep.  This is referred to as distributed reading.

  • Re-read the section you have chosen with the framework  (outline or concept map) you have constructed in mind

    • Separate out what you do understand from what you do not.

  • If the reading is still a challenge:

    • consult with either your teacher, academic counselors, or reading specialists. 


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The SQ3R Reading Method

Survey

Question

Read

Recall

Review


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SURVEY

  • Skim title, headings, and subheadings

  • Captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps

  • Review questions or teacher-made study guides

  • Introductory and concluding paragraphs

  • Summary


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QUESTION

  • Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions

  • Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading;

  • Ask yourself, "What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject when it was assigned?"

  • Ask yourself, "What do I already know about this subject?"


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READ

  • Look for answers to the questions you first raised

  • Answer questions at the beginning or end of chapters or study guides

  • Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.

  • Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases

  • Study graphic aids

  • Reduce your speed for difficult passages

  • Stop and reread parts which are not clear

  • Read only a section at a time and recite after each section


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RECITE, RECITE, RECITE

  • Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read and/or summarize, in your own words, what you read

  • Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words

  • Underline/highlight important points you've just read

  • Use the method of recitation which best suits your particular learning style but remember, the more senses you use the more likely you are to remember what you read

    • TRIPLE STRENGTH LEARNING: Seeing, saying, hearing

    • QUADRUPLE STRENGTH LEARNING: Seeing , saying , hearing, writing!!!


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REVIEW

  • After you have read and recited the entire chapter, write questions for those points you have highlighted/underlined in the margins.

  • Page through the text and/or your notebook to re-acquaint yourself with the important points.

    • Orally recite or write the answers from memory. Make "flash cards" for those questions which give you difficulty.

    • Develop mnemonic devices for material which need to be memorized.

  • Alternate between your flash cards and notes and test yourself (orally or in writing) on the questions you formulated.


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Guidelines for Underlining

  • Read a section before underlining it

  • Do not underline too much

  • Underline information that will help in making notes

  • Make major details STAND OUT

  • Use subheadings as a guide


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Mnemonics

  • ACRONYMS

  • Nonsense Sentences

  • Pegs

    • Rhymes

    • Loci technique


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Integrating Class & Text Material

  • Make “Master Notes”

    • Use information from class notes, handouts, textbook

    • Identify key topics and combine information using major points

    • Make flashcards, they are a constant form of on hand, ready made study guides

  • Make “Mind Maps” or webs


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Conclusion

  • Topics Covered

    • Study Environment

    • Reading Tips

    • SQ3R Technique

    • Mnemonics

    • Integrating class and text material


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