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Old Exam questions. (multiple choice). This work is from the _____________________ period. Early Medieval It is representative of that period’s ________________ Culture of the Book It depicts ____________

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Old exam questions l.jpg
Old Exam questions

(multiple choice)

This work is from the _____________________ period.

Early Medieval

It is representative of that period’s ________________ Culture of the Book

It depicts ____________

an Evangelist (St Matthew) writing the Gospel


Romanesque l.jpg
Romanesque

A key style of the

Early Medieval

Textbook pp. 145-151




Poitiers early 12 th c l.jpg
Poitiers, early 12th c.

not in text


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Some definitions

Romanesque – architectural style in vogue between 1050 and 1200, consisting of semi-circular arches, relatively massive walls supported by buttresses, and consequently smaller openings for natural light. The Romanesque style evolved as rapidly as the Gothic which replaced it, and despite the Romanesque interior's reputation for gloominess, great sanctuaries such as Vezelay and Autun achieve a lightness and a luminosity which rival those of the first Gothic edifices.

Term coined around 1825. 900-1200. In architecture the Romanesque is typified by the use of the round arch and conspicuously heavy construction. In painting and sculpture forms are often expressively distorted to convey religious emotion.

[Textbook] the medieval artistic style of c. 900-1200, in architecture characterized by the use of rounded arches, tunnel vaults, and other features of Roman architecture (hence the name "Romanesque“)

Note that Roman realism is not part of the Romanesque style.


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St. Sernin

see text p. 148-149




Interior church of la madeleine vezelay france c 1120 32 l.jpg
interior, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32

Some influences from the Islamic world . . .


Great mosque of cordoba interior spain c 736 l.jpg
Great Mosque of Cordoba,interiorSpainc. 736


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 38 l.jpg
San Zeno MaggioreVerona, 1120-38

not in text


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 3813 l.jpg
San Zeno MaggioreVerona, 1120-38


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 3814 l.jpg
San Zeno MaggioreVerona, 1120-38


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 3815 l.jpg
San Zeno MaggioreVerona, 1120-38







Mystic mill moses st paul grinding corn capitol church of la madeleine vezelay france c 1120 32 l.jpg
Mystic Mill, Moses & St Paul Grinding Corn France, c.1120-32, capitol, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32

hair “flows” into drapery of clothing

Another art history text interprets this as a wine press

textbook, p 149


Demon woman capitol church of la madeleine vezelay france c 1120 32 l.jpg
Demon & Woman France, c.1120-32, capitol, Church of La Madeleine, Vezelay, France, c.1120-32

serpent

Not in textbook


Gislebertus last judgment tympanum detail autun france c 1120 35 l.jpg
Gislebertus, France, c.1120-32Last Judgment,tympanum detail, Autun, France, c.1120-35

detail, p. 147 – 5th

general view, p 130


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 3826 l.jpg
San Zeno Maggiore France, c.1120-32Verona, 1120-38

No in-the-round human forms – all relief sculpture


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 3827 l.jpg
San Zeno Maggiore France, c.1120-32Verona, 1120-38


San zeno maggiore verona 1120 3828 l.jpg
San Zeno Maggiore France, c.1120-32Verona, 1120-38


Visitation 11 12 th c spain fresco l.jpg
Visitation France, c.1120-3211-12th c. Spainfresco

p. 144


Next up l.jpg
Next up - France, c.1120-32

Late Medieval & Gothic

Ch. 7


Early medieval summary 800 1150 l.jpg
EARLY MEDIEVAL SUMMARY France, c.1120-32800-1150

  • POLITICS – Charlemagne, Ottonian (German) emperors

  • ARCHITECTURE – Romanesque Style, c. 900

  • ART – relief sculpture and a fantastic approach to human form

  • IDEAS – The Culture of the Book; monasteries

  • MUSIC – consolidation of chant; early notation neumes & staff (staff c.1000)


Name style elements l.jpg

St. Sernin France, c.1120-32

Name:style:elements:

Romanesque

  • round arches- a few narrow windows- heavy

Hard to find parking

see text p. 145-150


New anchor dates l.jpg

New Anchor Dates

1000

  • Musical STAFF used for

  • CHANT in the

  • EARLY MEDIEVAL PERIOD in

  • MONASTERIES

1066


Up to dates l.jpg
Up to dates? France, c.1120-32

480 BC

0

547

c.1000

Start of CLASSICAL GREEK PERIOD

Just after the start of the ROMAN EMPIRE; Caesar Augustus reigns

SAN VITALE; sort of end of Early Christian period

Guido describes the musical staff


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