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Pacific Connectivity. John Budden PIFS. Connectivity- for what??. Pacific Characteristics. Size -hundreds to millions Distances- hundreds and thousands of kilometers Topography- atoll to volcanic Concentrations -single to hundreds of islands Natural resources- nil to wealthy

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Pacific Connectivity

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Pacific connectivity l.jpg
Pacific Connectivity

John Budden

PIFS



Pacific characteristics l.jpg
Pacific Characteristics

  • Size -hundreds to millions

  • Distances- hundreds and thousands of kilometers

  • Topography- atoll to volcanic

  • Concentrations -single to hundreds of islands

  • Natural resources- nil to wealthy

  • Ethnicity- melanesian , micronesian, polynesian

  • Political system- kingdoms, presidents and prime ministers, territories and dependencies- sovereignty

  • Currency- no central banking function

  • The only thing they have in common is location!


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Status

  • 14 countries and as many territories make generalizations difficult

  • Polynesia better served than Melanesia and Micronesia

  • Competition has dramatically improved the situation in five countries Tonga, Samoa, PNG, Vanuatu and Fiji but

  • Competition is not the only model Palau and Cook Islands have high penetration with monopolies- even the bb models for Australia and NZ may be based on one network, also virtual operators have a Pacific role

  • More backbone capacity is needed in most countries (only Fiji and PNG presently have cables- plus New Caledonia)

  • Access to villages is generally poor – less than 10% of urban


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Current position

  • Telephones, mobiles,

  • Internet

  • Satellites, cables, wireless,

  • Media


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Cables AND satellites and HF and Microwave and copper

  • Southern Cross, Fiji, PNG, NC, AS/S

  • SPIN and derivatives (see WB report)

  • Satellites , Intelsat etc C

  • AMC23/GE23, SinoSat, Ku

  • New Ka offerings O3B, ViaSat, WINDS

  • Issue now is satellite terminal costs and energy

  • Wifi and Wimax are cost effective solutions to last mile




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Media

  • Radio good

  • TV limited often to capitals

  • Satellite TV

  • Bandwidth and costs limit IP (TV or Broadcasting)

  • Cable virtually non existent


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Connectivity Summary

We have the leaders mandates and interest in ICTs and connectivity

Very limited, little impact of ICTs in everyday life with the exception of recent mobile rolls out- stages 1-2

High potential due to distance and dispersion

High cost due to same plus hostile environment

Complex regionalism/flag, economic/financing and technical/commercial issues to be resolved

The DIGICEL model??


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How will we pay for it?

  • It will cost hundreds of millions- probably billions - of dollars for universal access

  • Almost static, low GDPs

  • Low populations

  • New production- resources

  • Productivity gains, efficiency now (commerce) and in the future (education, health)

  • We must leverage every resource and maximize every investment


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Engineering the model

  • Policy and governance

    • EU/ITU, WB

  • Capacity building and supplementation

  • Human capacity to exploit the technology

  • Social engineering and the negatives (abuse)


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Issues

  • Access

  • Cost

  • Bandwidth

  • Latency

  • HRD

  • Applications

  • Content

  • 1000 languages, eight currencies, 28 countries and territories, many cultures


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Interests and Forces

  • Global Commercial

    • Territory

    • Sale of services

  • Domestic commercial

    • Monopoly/competition, change to IP,

    • Media, banking, trading interests

  • Political

  • Reactionary


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Some issues for the solutions

  • Diversity- equity

  • Political and commercial

  • Public private

  • Timing and dynamics

  • Financing

  • Operations and management

    • Type eg treaty etc

    • Centralized, economies of scale, vs sovereignty


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Role of the agencies

  • ICTs are largely profitable services

  • Policy through applications and governance

  • Leadership and example

  • Connectivity?


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Temptation to engage in the visible, current, the topical and the sexy

  • Competition for a limited donor pool

  • Turf

  • Harmonization of many agencies agendas

  • Duplication

  • Overlap

  • Comparative Advantage


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ESCAP’s Comparative Advantage and the sexy

  • UN generally, PIFS have the political visibility

  • ITU, APT have the depth of technical skills

  • PITA, PICISOC, ISOC, ICANN, APNIC, GAC have specialist skills

  • Banks have the money

  • Corporations- vendors, operators service providers - have the delivery mechanisms

  • ESCAP, SPC have breadth of social and economic engagement –policies and applications


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Link WSIS, MDGs, and the sexy

  • Gini

  • Social engineering

  • Infant and maternal mortality, Illiteracy, political instability, ability to enter the global economy

  • Primary industries (agriculture, fishing), grass roots (gender, disadvantaged)


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ESCAP and the sexy

  • Policy- provide models based on global and Asian experiences (developing country)- catalyst, bridge to China, Japan, Korea, India and also the smaller economies with special skills

  • Based on cross sectoral capacity, demand, applications, user, eg disaster, e-Government, statistics

  • “Hub and spoke” models, EPOC, SOPAC, SPC

  • Provide tailored advise based on ad hoc requests.

  • Harmonization of the UN space- UNDP, UNESCO,


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Pacific Challenges and the sexy

  • Uniqueness on many dimensions

  • Particularly distance and scale

  • Many players- sometimes getting in each others way


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Recommendations and the sexy

  • Recognize regional/ sub regional solutions

  • Look for multi application, synergistic solutions

  • Harmonize the activities of regional and global entities and the governments and private sectors

  • Intelligently learn from outside- expertise and solutions- successes and failures


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Thank you and the sexy

  • www.forumsec.org.fj

  • john@budden.com


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