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Jews in Norrköping. 1779 First Jews to Sweden King Gustav III Jewish regulations Economical guarantee demanded Three cities only: Stockholm, Göteborg and Malmö. 1782 First Jews to Norrköping From Germany and Holland by horse and carriage or boat

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Jewish immigration l.jpg

1779

First Jews to Sweden

King Gustav III

Jewish regulations

Economical guarantee

demanded

Three cities only:

Stockholm, Göteborg and

Malmö

1782

First Jews to Norrköping

From Germany and Holland

by horse and carriage or boat

Well received in Norrköping

Jewish immigration


Jewish regulations l.jpg
Jewish regulations

  • 1782

  • Laws for Jews in Sweden

    - Allowed in three cities only

    - Restricted professions

    - Not allowed to give evidence in court

    - No mixed marriages


Judaism and the jewish congregation l.jpg
Judaism and the Jewish congregation

  • First monotheistic religion

  • Founderis Moses

  • Torah and Talmud

  • First congregation in Norrköping 1782

  • Founded by Jacob Marcus

  • Education within congregation

  • Own burial-ground


Synagogue l.jpg
Synagogue

  • Synagogue

    - Bet Knesset in Hebrew

  • First small synagogue built by Jacob Marcus in 1790

  • Present synagogue from 1858

  • Financed through gifts and fees

  • 99 members in 1860

  • Problems when wealthy members left Norrköping

  • Declared historic building in 1978

  • Today around 30 members



The wahren family l.jpg

Wealthy

Textile mills

Jacob Wahren

Wool industry

Big factory buildings by the river and waterfalls in central Norrköping

Herman Leonard Wahren

Expanded his father’s (Jacobs) industries

Gustaf Mauritz Wahren

Stock exchange trader

Richard Wahren

Textile mills; Richard Wahren & Co

R. Wahrens AB

The Wahren family


Jacob marcus l.jpg
Jacob Marcus

  • Arrived in Norrköping in 1782

  • Permission to start factories and wholesale trade

  • Sold colonial products,

    like coffee, spices and

    olives

  • Factory for cotton printing

  • Bankruptcy after economical crises in Sweden 1815


The philipson family l.jpg
The Philipson family

  • Philip Jeremias

  • Arrived in Sweden and Norrköping in 1789

  • Launched several companies

  • Manufactured lacquer & playing cards

  • Jacob Philipson, son

  • Owned big farms

  • John Philipson, grandson

  • Laid out several parks in Norrköping, the most famous is Folkparken


General facts l.jpg

Economy

Most Jewish families did well

Residence

Lived in different parts of town

Work

Worked in their own companies and shops

Textile mills

House to house peddling

Education

Private tutors

No Jewish schools

Religious education in Synagogue

Language

Second generation often fluent in Swedish

Traces of Jewish inhabitants

Synagogue and the Jewish burial-ground

The parks and the old factory

buildings

General facts


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