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Measuring Environmental Governance. Introduction to the Local Governance Barometer. Pact DG/NRM Platform Meeting South Africa – April 2008. Some Lessons Learned. Development, governance and sustainable NRM are intertwined

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Measuring environmental governance l.jpg

Measuring Environmental Governance

Introduction to the Local Governance Barometer

Pact DG/NRM Platform Meeting

South Africa – April 2008


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Some Lessons Learned

Development, governance and sustainable NRM are intertwined

Stakeholders' full participation inRM programs' design, implementation and monitoring is essential

Knowledge is key for informed decision-making processes around NRM issues  and in building consensus and shared vision among stakeholders

The "governance" context largely impacts and determines NRM interventions' successes and achievements


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Governance Matters

Social accountability approach (WB)

Nature, Wealth & Power (USAID)

“Ruling Justly” (MCA)

“Environmental governance combines the strengths of environment practice with those of democratic governance practice to generate policy advice and advocacy tools that will improve capacity to protect the environment and to promote the equitable access to energy and natural resources”. (UNDP)


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Measuring Governance Matters

Impact Alliance Overview

  • “If governance matters…measuring governance matters too…”

  • “Traditional” M&E systems are not relevant to capture complexity and specificity of governance frameworks

  • How to measure a (environmental) governance situation?

  • How to monitor impact of (environmental) governance-related initiatives?

  • How to compare different situations in term of (environmental) governance?

  • How to improve decision-making on (environmental) governance?


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LGB Development Milestones

LGB Development Milestones

  • Local Governance Laboratory—hosted by Idasa—South Africa, June 2005

  • LGB Initial Design Workshop—hosted by Pact—Madagascar, July 2005

  • MDG Africa Conference—hosted by SNV--Uganda, August 2005

  • USAID research and development grant to Pact—USA, November 2005

  • Local Governance Laboratory LAC—hosted by Pact—Ecuador, November 2005

  • LGB Development Team Meeting—hosted by Idasa—South Africa, February 2006

  • Pilot applications initiated by Idasa, SNV, Pact—six countries, May 2006

  • LGB Development Team Meeting—hosted by Pact and SNV—Kenya, February 2007

  • LGB Development and Executive Team Meeting—hosted by Idasa—South Africa, June 2007


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WHAT IS THE LGB?

A holistic model to generate a collective opinion about the state of governance in a certain locality/sector

For:

  • Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of governance situation ;

  • Tracking any changes in governance criteria and standards;

  • Evaluation of the effects of any changes in governance;

  • Comparison of the quality of governance in different situations;

  • Recommending a plan for actions to improve the situation

     TOOL TO SUPPORT DECISION MAKING


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LGB Applications

Some Current Applications

15 current applications in 8 countries, including:

South Africa: District and Municipality governance

Botswana: District governance (2 districts)

Tanzania: District governance of Mbulu, Education governance in Mvomero district

Ghana: District governance in Kumasi, Mpoho Wassa East and West Gonja

Cameroon: Commune governance of Kumbo and Yagoua,

Ecuador: municipal governance

Around 20 potential upcoming applications in 10 countries, including:

South Africa: Improved governance in 16 more municipalities

Tanzania: Water mgt governance in Arusha and Karagwe districts

Ghana: Health governance

Mozambique: Province governance in Nampula

South East Asia: Improved governance for disaster risk reduction

Kenya: Education sector governance

Eastern Africa: Application in all SNV programs (9 countries)

Madagascar: Urban governance (Fort-Dauphin and Nosy-Be)


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Local Governance Barometer

BASIC PRINCIPLES


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Knowledge-Based Approach

Knowledge

Knowledge

Knowledge

Knowledge

Knowledge

Knowledge-based Approach

Central question

(ex: What is the level of performance of xxxx (i.e. environmental governance topic))

Logicalrelationships

Logical relationships


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CRITERIA

CRITERIA

CRITERIA

CRITERIA

CRITERIA

SUBCRITERIA

SUBCRITERIA

QUANTIFIABLE SUBCRITERION

MECHANISMS AND PRINCIPLES

GOOD GOVERNANCE

UNION

UNION


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EQUITY

PARTICIPATION

EFFECTIVENESS

RULE OF LAW

ACCOUNTABILITY

OUTPUTS

TRANSPARENCY

RECOURSE

QUANTIFIABLE SUBCRITERION

ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE INDEX

UNION

UNION

SCORES

REFERENCES VALUES


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Based on two approaches:

  • Core Model: set of universal criteria for good governance

  • Specific Model: Local way to measure these universal criteria


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LOCAL/ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICITIES

SPECIFIC MODEL

ACCOUNTABILITY

PARTICIPATION

EFFECTIVENESS

RULE OF LAW

EQUITY

TRANSPARENCY

RECOURSE

POLICIES

RESULTS

DATA

DATA

DATA

REFERENCE VALUES

CORE MODEL

ENV/TAL GOVERNANCE


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Scoring System

Scoring System

EnvironmentalGovernance Performance

Participation

Accountability

Efficiency

Rule of Law

Equity

SUBCRITERIA

SUBCRITERIA

SUB-SUBCRITERIA

SUB-SUBCRITERIA

DATA

DATA

DATA


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Example of Environmental Governance Criteria

Illustrative Elements of Environmental Governance Core Model

  • Level of public access to environmental information (National policies, laws and regulations, agreements and commitments made by the government, State of environment reports,….)

  • Existence and efficiency of mechanism for public participation in decision-making processes relating to NRM

    • Existence and enforcement of environmental laws and regulations

  • Access to independent judicial system for environmental matters

  • Level of people awareness on how environmental degradation impacts their livelihoods

  • Importance of civil society groups in advocating environmental issues

  • Environmental accountability of private sector


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Topic Documentation

Knowledge Base Documentation


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Local Governance Barometer

IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS


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Implementation Process

LGB Implementation Process


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Example Data Collection

Example For NRM Application


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Assessing Situation

Assessing a Local Governance Situation

Overall Governance Performance= 20 (Fairly Poor)

  • Accountability (12) & Effectiveness (18) less performing

  • Priority improving Recourse (5) & Transparency (11) systems to address Accountability

  • Priority building capacity in Decision-Making Process Based on Reliable Information Systems (7) to address Effectiveness

1: Existence of vision

2: Realization of the action plan

3: Good management of financial resources

4: Decision making process based on reliable information

5: Satisfaction of the population vis-à-vis social services delivery


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Measuring progress

Over Time Comparison

  • Overall governance situation improved (20 to 56)

  • All criteria improved, especially Accountability

  • Participation and Effectiveness

  • should be considered as priorities

  • for future capacity building interventions


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Forest Governance

Sectoral Governance Situation



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Value Proposition

Improves the ability of actors on multiple levels to make better-informed decisions

Promotes consensus between key stakeholder groups to address environmental needs through shared frameworks

Enhances sustainability of environmental initiatives through addressing root governance issues

Mitigates corruption and promote transparency through increased multi-stakeholder analysis of information

Contributes to address critical issues that support or undermine sustainable NRM


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Some Key Issues

LGB Implementation

  • Entry point

  • Participation vs. available resources

  • Opportunistic behaviors: how to avoid?

  • Monitoring: need for funding for periodic assessment

  • Centralized Vs Decentralized approach (Quality, neutrality etc…)

    LGB Development

  • LGB concepts and tools development: no resources allocated

  • Certification process

  • Institutional development (Institute, consortium, etc.)


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Current Resources

LGB Current Resources

  • Organization

    • Steering Committee (Pact / SNV / Idasa)

    • Core Development Team

    • Technical Support Team

    • Subject Matters Experts network

  • Intellectual Capital

    • Governance Core Model

    • Governance Specific Models

    • Software for data analysis

    • Web Site

    • Communication material

    • Training and implementation handbooks

  • Financial Resources

    • Pact/SNV/Idasa core funds

    • Projects


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Next Steps

  • Applications

    • Document success stories and lessons learned

    • Initiate sectoral applications, especially in NRM

  • Research and Development

    • Refine the core Governance Model

    • Develop sectoral Governance models

    • Web-Based Scoring System

  • Leverage Resources

    • Model development, experts mobilization, TOT, web site, software development, guides, quality standards, communication material, etc.

  • Manage Growth

    • Business Plan

    • Branding, Quality Standard, …

    • Organization: Consortium, Social franchising, Impact venture,…


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For More Information

  • Governance Barometer Website

    • http://www.pact.mg/lgb/lgb/interface

    • Impact Alliance :

      • http://www.impactalliance.org

      • Jeff Kwaterski: [email protected]

      • Tel: +1.202.466.5666

  • Pact Inc. :

    • http://www.pactworld.org

    • Jean-Louis Robadey: [email protected]

    • Tel: +1.202.466.5666

  • My contact info:

    • Jean-Michel Dufils : [email protected]

    • Tel: +261.32.07.00181


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