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International Processes supporting PRS & National Agenda in Mozambique. Presentation to: SARPN Regional Workshop: Poverty Reduction Strategies - Moving from Formulation to Implementation 21/22 November 2006. Background. Post-war: up to 168 on UNDP HDI

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International processes supporting prs national agenda in mozambique l.jpg

International Processes supporting PRS & National Agenda in Mozambique

Presentation to:

SARPN Regional Workshop:

Poverty Reduction Strategies - Moving from Formulation to Implementation

21/22 November 2006


Background l.jpg
Background Mozambique

  • Post-war: up to 168 on UNDP HDI

  • Long history of significant donor support: 87% of GNI in 1992

  • 2000: G-6 - Joint Donor Framework MF w GOM

  • 2001: PARPA 1 – basis for alignment

  • 2004: MOU & PAF

  • 2004: 3rd National Elections

  • 2005: Mandate President Guebuza

  • 2005/6: PARPA 2 - 54% to 45% in absolute poverty (2009)


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Paris & Rome Declarations, PRSP as key bases Mozambique

  • PARPA 2: MDG, NEPAD, SADC linked

  • Relationships built up between donors and GOM over a long period of time

  • Political will of vanguard of donors to make positive example; feeling of other donors to join

  • “Symbiotic” relationship GOM//donors

  • Aligned to annual budget process

  • WB inside/outside


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General budget support as preferred choice of progressives. Mozambique

  • GBS approx 30% of total State budget in 2007. Programme Aid Partners will devote US$372M out of total of US$595M

  • MOU underlying principles & PAF, PAP’s PAF (linked to Paris);

  • Joint Review & Mid-Year Review

  • Coordinated ongoing policy dialogue GOM & donor G-18 (>> DPG)

  • SWAPS (Sectoral programmes turning into sectoral budget support) & Area-Based: hedging bets


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General move from off- to on-budget. Mozambique

  • Counteract piecemeal approach of donors

  • Diminish power of individual ministries reinforce centrality of MPD in planning

    • ODAMOZ: >transparency from donors


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More ownership / lead Mozambique

  • GOM lead: review mechanisms of PARPA planning, performance, thematic technical working groups.

    • PARPA II

    • PAMS

  • Hearings on donor Country Strategic Planning

  • Technical Assistance/Capacity Building


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Emerging Trends Mozambique- Internal

  • Towards One Party State

  • Parliament & CS; Admin Tribunal/Judiciary

  • Centralisation vs Decentralisation process

  • Performance vs rhetoric:

    • Capacity issues; based in Maputo

    • Personal interest

    • Culture of accountability/transparency

    • Un-elected officials; elected officials accountable upwards

      • Ex. Zambézia x 2

    • Political/regional bias


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Mozambican Civil Society Mozambique

  • Political culture: the party, opposition, external forces

  • Coalitions/Networks

    • Maputo-based CSOs privileged access but links to people?

    • Provincial-based CSOs >links to people but limited access to centre/real influence?

  • PARPA II & Annual Poverty Report


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Trócaire’s Role Mozambique

  • PRS Project

    • Study, inform & lobby

      • WB/IMF

      • Bilaterals

      • Assist partners in advocacy

  • Mobilising for Justice – holding to account

    • Poverty Analysis & Monitoring Systems Group

      • Communications sub-group

    • Faith-Based Organisations’ PARPA Monitoring

    • Partner Capacity Building & Accompaniment Approach


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Strengths of Mozambican Process Mozambique

  • Progress, service delivery

  • G-18 > harmonisation/alignment (& coord mechanisms) - PAPS performance

  • > GOM lead

  • > Use of State Budget

  • Planning & budgeting, policy devt, macroeconomic

  • Decentralisation principle

  • Openness to CS participation


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Weaknesses of Mozambican Process Mozambique

  • GOM capacity

  • G-18 limited ability to monitor

  • Major donors still outside

  • Donor internal & political barriers to Paris

  • Lack of clarity about underlying principles: common threshold of tolerance?

  • Limited CS involvement


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Broad Challenges for Mozambique… Mozambique

  • PRSP: poverty reduction = national sustainable development?

  • Aid dependency: fashion to change?

  • Donor govt parliaments & need for impact/effectiveness

  • Aid strengthening party, undermining democracy

  • World Bank engagement & commitment

  • Other donors

  • Strategic Communications/M&E

  • Approaches & policy on technical assistance and capacity building.


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CS Challenges & Questions Mozambique

  • Overcome political/ideological barriers to local CS involvement: >owned & managed advocacy; long-term, not events

  • Local experience & advocacy mutually linked to national, regional & global advocacy

  • How & when should CS & donors react to Govt. breaches of MOU/non-performance?

  • How & when should CS & Govt. react to donor breaches?


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