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HATE GROUPS IN AMERICA. KU KLUX KLAN. Phase 1 1865: during reconstruction after the Civil War Tennessee: six former Confederate army officers Based on the Greek word ‘kluklos’ or ‘group’ Began as anti black

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ku klux klan
KU KLUX KLAN
  • Phase 1
  • 1865: during reconstruction

after the Civil War

  • Tennessee: six former

Confederate army officers

  • Based on the Greek word

‘kluklos’ or ‘group’

  • Began as anti black
  • Known for lynching, white sheets, burning crosses, tar and feather, OVERT discrimination
kkk continued
KKK continued …
  • Imperial Wizard: supreme commander
    • Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Grand Dragons
  • Great Titans
  • Exalted Cyclops
kkk phase 2
KKK Phase 2
  • Focus on blacks AND all “alien outsiders”
    • Immigrants
    • Jews
    • Catholics
  • 1925: estimated 5 million members
  • 1925: March on Washington DC
  • Gain political power
  • Overt discrimination continues
  • Internal struggles and investigations of leaders reduces influence and popularity
  • Depression and WWII slow down KKK
kkk phase 3
KKK Phase 3
  • 1960s: KKK is revitalized
  • Lack of national organization
    • Smaller self governed groups
  • Opposition to the rising civil rights

movement

  • Goal: Preserve segregation after

court rulings

    • Brown vs. Board of Education
  • 1965: about 40,000 members
  • Tactics: Church bombings, boycotts, beatings

& intimidation

kkk phase 4
KKK Phase 4
  • 1970s – Today
  • Approximately 6,000 active members
  • Less “white sheets”; more shirts and ties
  • “Splinter groups” found throughout USA

… including WI

slide8
According to the KKK

the drop of blood refers

to the blood shed by

Jesus Christ as a sacrifice

for the white race

neo nazis
Neo - Nazis
  • Hatred of Jews
    • Belief of Hitler and Nazi Germany
    • ANTI SEMITISM:
  • Also hate black, homosexuals, other

minorities

  • Some focus on political rebellion:
  • Publications banned in Europe
    • Protected under free speech laws in USA
    • USA breeding grounds for these groups
neo nazi faction skinheads
Neo Nazi Faction: Skinheads
  • White Supremacists, anti-gay, anti-Jew
  • Trademark: Shaved heads and hate tattoos
  • Began in England 1960s … USA by 80s
  • Often operate in small “crews”
    • Focus on recruitment of teens
    • Use of music and internet
christian identity aka aryan nation
Christian Identity aka Aryan Nation
  • Non Jewish whites are the children of God
  • Jews are direct descendents of Satan
    • Christ will not return until all Jews

eradicated

  • Non whites are “mud people”
  • Began in 1970s
  • Current membership low due to internal

disputes

black separatist
Black Separatist
  • Blacks who oppose integration and racial

intermarriage

  • Goal: Create a separate nation for American

blacks (if needed – overthrow government)

  • Anti white and anti Jew
  • Blacks are the chosen children of God
  • “New Black Panthers” (urban guerilla warfare?)
    • Started in Milwaukee: 1990
  • Many groups are American black Muslims
    • “Nation of Islam”
hate groups in wisconsin
Hate Groups in Wisconsin

http://www.splcenter.org/intel/map/index.jsp?S=WI&m=5

Hate Groups In USA

http://www.splcenter.org/images/dynamic/intel/hatemaps/5/hate_map_ir125_adjusted.pdf

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