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HATE GROUPS IN AMERICA. KU KLUX KLAN. Phase 1 1865: during reconstruction after the Civil War Tennessee: six former Confederate army officers Based on the Greek word ‘kluklos’ or ‘group’ Began as anti black

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Ku klux klan l.jpg
KU KLUX KLAN

  • Phase 1

  • 1865: during reconstruction

    after the Civil War

  • Tennessee: six former

    Confederate army officers

  • Based on the Greek word

    ‘kluklos’ or ‘group’

  • Began as anti black

  • Known for lynching, white sheets, burning crosses, tar and feather, OVERT discrimination


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KKK continued …

  • Imperial Wizard: supreme commander

    • Nathan Bedford Forrest

  • Grand Dragons

  • Great Titans

  • Exalted Cyclops


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KKK Phase 2

  • Focus on blacks AND all “alien outsiders”

    • Immigrants

    • Jews

    • Catholics

  • 1925: estimated 5 million members

  • 1925: March on Washington DC

  • Gain political power

  • Overt discrimination continues

  • Internal struggles and investigations of leaders reduces influence and popularity

  • Depression and WWII slow down KKK



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KKK Phase 3

  • 1960s: KKK is revitalized

  • Lack of national organization

    • Smaller self governed groups

  • Opposition to the rising civil rights

    movement

  • Goal: Preserve segregation after

    court rulings

    • Brown vs. Board of Education

  • 1965: about 40,000 members

  • Tactics: Church bombings, boycotts, beatings

    & intimidation


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KKK Phase 4

  • 1970s – Today

  • Approximately 6,000 active members

  • Less “white sheets”; more shirts and ties

  • “Splinter groups” found throughout USA

    … including WI


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  • According to the KKK

    the drop of blood refers

    to the blood shed by

    Jesus Christ as a sacrifice

    for the white race


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Neo - Nazis

  • Hatred of Jews

    • Belief of Hitler and Nazi Germany

    • ANTI SEMITISM:

  • Also hate black, homosexuals, other

    minorities

  • Some focus on political rebellion:

  • Publications banned in Europe

    • Protected under free speech laws in USA

    • USA breeding grounds for these groups


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Neo Nazi Faction: Skinheads

  • White Supremacists, anti-gay, anti-Jew

  • Trademark: Shaved heads and hate tattoos

  • Began in England 1960s … USA by 80s

  • Often operate in small “crews”

    • Focus on recruitment of teens

    • Use of music and internet


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Christian Identity aka Aryan Nation

  • Non Jewish whites are the children of God

  • Jews are direct descendents of Satan

    • Christ will not return until all Jews

      eradicated

  • Non whites are “mud people”

  • Began in 1970s

  • Current membership low due to internal

    disputes


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Black Separatist

  • Blacks who oppose integration and racial

    intermarriage

  • Goal: Create a separate nation for American

    blacks (if needed – overthrow government)

  • Anti white and anti Jew

  • Blacks are the chosen children of God

  • “New Black Panthers” (urban guerilla warfare?)

    • Started in Milwaukee: 1990

  • Many groups are American black Muslims

    • “Nation of Islam”


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Hate Groups in Wisconsin

http://www.splcenter.org/intel/map/index.jsp?S=WI&m=5

Hate Groups In USA

http://www.splcenter.org/images/dynamic/intel/hatemaps/5/hate_map_ir125_adjusted.pdf


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