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Geography of Africa. #3 Deserts Tree Map. Kalahari Desert. Covers parts of Botswana, South Africa and Namibia The inhabitants are nomadic bushmen who still hunt in the region Sometimes gets seasonal rains .

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Geography of Africa

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Geography of Africa


#3 Deserts Tree Map


Kalahari Desert

  • Covers parts of Botswana, South Africa and Namibia

  • The inhabitants are nomadic bushmen who still hunt in the region

  • Sometimes gets seasonal rains


The desert's name is derived from the Tswana word Kgalagadi, meaning "the great thirst."


Animals of the Kalahari

  • Antelope such as eland, gemsbok, springbok, hartebeast, steenbok, kudu, and duiker are common, as are giraffe & warthog


Sahara Desert

  • Largest tropical desert in the world, about the size of the US

  • Has many mountains as well as sand and rocky areas

  • Covers most of North Africa from Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea


Oued: saharan dry river-bed


Animals

  • Camels, horned viper, spotted hyena


Horned viper –eating frog


Mountain Ranges and highlands


Facts

  • the Drakensberg range is a major tourist destination in South Africa

  • White settlers clashed with local native inhabitants during the 1800’s

  • Drakensberg mountain range, originally referred to as the "Dragon Mountains" by early settlers.


Facts continued

  • The mountains are located in South Africa

  • mountains are home to the world's second-highest waterfall, the Tugela Falls (Thukela Falls), with a total drop of 947 metres. That’s over 9 football fields long!


warthog

They call me

Mr. Pig


Cheetah


Atlas Mountains

  • The Atlas mountains contain many fertile valleys,

  • Many millions of people live in the Atlas Mountains, almost all of them counting themselves as Berbers,

  • The Atlas are rich in natural resources. There are deposits of iron ore, lead ore, copper,


Location

  • The Atlas mountains are in Northern Africa and run through Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria


animals

  • Mountain Reedbuck,

  • Serval cat, and

  • Jackal.


  • Serval cat

  • jackal


Ethiopian highlands

  • Home to 80 percent of Africa's tallest mountains

  • The region, which slopes away from either side of the Great Rift Valley, is composed of a series of mountains and valleys;

  • It covers 2/3 of Ethiopia

  • Ras Dashen (15,158 ft/4,620 m), Ethiopia’s highest peak, is there.


Ras Dashen is 15000 above sea level


Lakes


Lake Victoria

  • the second largest freshwater body in the world.

  • Named for Queen Victoria

  • Source of the White Nile River


Location

  • The following countries border the lake

  • Uganda,Tanzania & Kenya


map


hippos


Lake Tanganyika facts

  • ON the Western Great Rift Valley,

  • It is the second largest of African lakes

  • It is the deepest lake in Africa

  • Location-Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Tanzania and Zambia,


Map of Lake Tanganyika


  • Find Each Of these rivers and label them on your map

  • Nile River- Blue Nile & White Nile

  • Zambezi River

  • Congo River

  • Niger River


Following the rivers

  • Make a 4 column chart

  • Write the name of the rivers in the first column

  • Put the countries each river flows through in Column 2

  • Put the body of water each empties into in column 3

  • Put facts about each river in column 4


Rivers (The Nile)

  • The Nile River is over 4200 miles long

  • It has two tributaries- The Blue Nile (Which begins in the Ethiopian highlands) and the White Nile (starts in Lake Victoria)

  • They join together near the city of Khartoum

  • It is considered an “exotic” river because much of it runs through desert


Zambezi River

  • The Zambezi River is over 1600 miles long

  • It empties into the Indian ocean

  • It is renown for its many rapids

  • Victoria Falls is on the Zambezi River


Congo River

  • Also called the Zaire River

  • It is 2700 miles long

  • Much of it travels along the equator in the rainforest before it empties into the Atlantic

  • Much of it can not be traveled on by boat because of rapids


Niger River

  • The River is 2600 miles long

  • It empties into the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa

  • The river is important to farmers who live in very dry regions of West Africa


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