Geography of africa
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Geography of Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Geography of Africa. #3 Deserts Tree Map. Kalahari Desert. Covers parts of Botswana, South Africa and Namibia The inhabitants are nomadic bushmen who still hunt in the region Sometimes gets seasonal rains .

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Kalahari desert l.jpg
Kalahari Desert

  • Covers parts of Botswana, South Africa and Namibia

  • The inhabitants are nomadic bushmen who still hunt in the region

  • Sometimes gets seasonal rains

The desert s name is derived from the tswana word kgalagadi meaning the great thirst l.jpg
The desert's name is derived from the Tswana word Kgalagadi, meaning "the great thirst."

Animals of the kalahari l.jpg
Animals of the Kalahari

  • Antelope such as eland, gemsbok, springbok, hartebeast, steenbok, kudu, and duiker are common, as are giraffe & warthog

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Sahara Desert

  • Largest tropical desert in the world, about the size of the US

  • Has many mountains as well as sand and rocky areas

  • Covers most of North Africa from Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea

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  • Camels, horned viper, spotted hyena

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  • the Drakensberg range is a major tourist destination in South Africa

  • White settlers clashed with local native inhabitants during the 1800’s

  • Drakensberg mountain range, originally referred to as the "Dragon Mountains" by early settlers.

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Facts continued

  • The mountains are located in South Africa

  • mountains are home to the world's second-highest waterfall, the Tugela Falls (Thukela Falls), with a total drop of 947 metres. That’s over 9 football fields long!

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They call me

Mr. Pig

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Atlas Mountains

  • The Atlas mountains contain many fertile valleys,

  • Many millions of people live in the Atlas Mountains, almost all of them counting themselves as Berbers,

  • The Atlas are rich in natural resources. There are deposits of iron ore, lead ore, copper,

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  • The Atlas mountains are in Northern Africa and run through Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria

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  • Mountain Reedbuck,

  • Serval cat, and

  • Jackal.

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Ethiopian highlands

  • Home to 80 percent of Africa's tallest mountains

  • The region, which slopes away from either side of the Great Rift Valley, is composed of a series of mountains and valleys;

  • It covers 2/3 of Ethiopia

  • Ras Dashen (15,158 ft/4,620 m), Ethiopia’s highest peak, is there.

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Lake Victoria

  • the second largest freshwater body in the world.

  • Named for Queen Victoria

  • Source of the White Nile River

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  • The following countries border the lake

  • Uganda,Tanzania & Kenya

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Lake Tanganyika facts

  • ON the Western Great Rift Valley,

  • It is the second largest of African lakes

  • It is the deepest lake in Africa

  • Location-Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Tanzania and Zambia,

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Following the rivers

  • Make a 4 column chart

  • Write the name of the rivers in the first column

  • Put the countries each river flows through in Column 2

  • Put the body of water each empties into in column 3

  • Put facts about each river in column 4

Rivers the nile l.jpg
Rivers (The Nile)

  • The Nile River is over 4200 miles long

  • It has two tributaries- The Blue Nile (Which begins in the Ethiopian highlands) and the White Nile (starts in Lake Victoria)

  • They join together near the city of Khartoum

  • It is considered an “exotic” river because much of it runs through desert

Zambezi river l.jpg
Zambezi River

  • The Zambezi River is over 1600 miles long

  • It empties into the Indian ocean

  • It is renown for its many rapids

  • Victoria Falls is on the Zambezi River

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Congo River

  • Also called the Zaire River

  • It is 2700 miles long

  • Much of it travels along the equator in the rainforest before it empties into the Atlantic

  • Much of it can not be traveled on by boat because of rapids

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Niger River

  • The River is 2600 miles long

  • It empties into the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa

  • The river is important to farmers who live in very dry regions of West Africa